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Pilgrims & Puritans Chapter 2: Puritans

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Nicole Dickerson

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Pilgrims & Puritans Chapter 2: Puritans

We all know about King Henry VIII And how he divorced & killed his wives in order to find one who would produce him a male heir to the throne. In order to "divorce" them, he had to leave the Catholic Church So, of course, he did just that. He left the Church & took his country with him!

He created a "Church of England," with its own priests & bishops... Who, conveniently were "okay" with him getting a divorce. This new church -
The Church of England
(or Anglican Church) Anglican Church was great for Henry... he got the divorces he wanted & took back some of the power that the Catholic Church and the Pope had held over the people of his country for centuries. For the people, however, this change wasn't so easy. Anglican Church If we look more closely at the picture, we can see that lots of English citizens had mixed emotions about the new "Church of England" for lots of different reasons. Anglican Church Some English people were devout Catholics & didn't want to leave the Church. Some didn't care much about the religion... but were worried that the King had used so much power. Some were glad to leave the Catholic Church because they hoped to make this new Church of England a better - "more pure" version of the Catholic Church. Some were very passionate Protestants and didn't feel that The Anglican Church went far enough away from the Catholic Church... they wanted a radically new and reformed Church. Some people were happy with the change. The Church couldn't stay divided like that for long... major struggles were ahead. Some were glad to leave the Catholic Church because they hoped to make this new Church of England a better - "more pure" version of the Catholic Church. Some were very passionate Protestants and didn't feel that The Anglican Church went far enough away from the Catholic Church... they wanted a radically new and reformed Church. Anglican Church Some were glad to leave the Catholic Church because they hoped to make this new Church of England a better - "more pure" version of the Catholic Church. Some were very passionate Protestants and didn't feel that The Anglican Church went far enough away from the Catholic Church... they wanted a radically new and reformed Church. These two groups become especially important in American history. They were known as "Puritans" - they wanted to "purify" the Church of England. Both groups quickly became more and more unhappy with the Church of England. This group decided to work from within the Church & the Government to make the changes they wanted. They would work very hard, biding their time for the right opportunity. They tried to gain political power and even staged a rebellion against the British government. This group was more restless. They wanted to break away from what they felt was an incurably sick Church of England. They wanted to start over & do it right. Since they wanted to break away or SEPARATE, they became known as "Separatists," a special group of Puritans. These guys are just the regular old "Puritans" P
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S Remeber this group? They stayed in England for awhile while the Separatists were fleeing. They tried to work from within the church & the government to make the changes they wanted... "Like his predecessor, Elizabeth I, King James was an absolute monarch who held strict control of both church and state. He believed that he ruled by "divine right." Not long after his coronation as England's king, he called the nation's highest civil and ecclesiastical authorities to his Hampton Court Palace outside London, and there proclaimed that he would make all his subjects conform to his state religion or hound them out of the realm." Several monarchs took over after Henry's death.
The country swung back & forth between
Catholicism & Protestantism- King Henry's son
Edward VI Lady Jane Grey Henry's daughter
"Bloody" Mary I His daughter
Elizabeth I James I Anglican Church Some English people were devout Catholics & didn't want to leave the Church. Some didn't care much about the religion... but were worried that the King had used so much power. Some were glad to leave the Catholic Church because they hoped to make this new Church of England a better - "more pure" version of the Catholic Church. Some were very passionate Protestants and didn't feel that The Anglican Church went far enough away from the Catholic Church... they wanted a radically new and reformed Church. Some people were happy with the change. Remember those unhappy groups in the new Anglican Church... some of them decided to be quiet. But most of them decided to keep working to make the changes they wanted. http://www.unityinchrist.com They just used two different methods to try to fix it. Across the vast, treacherous Atlantic Ocean eventually they either became satisfied, gave up, OR they too became so annoying to the king that they TOO had to leave the country. We already learned about this group. They became known as PILGRIMS because they made a religious journey. Eventually they made so much trouble for the king (i.e. a civil war!) that they needed to leave the country. There were lots of groups of Puritans
who lived all over England. They established colonies all over "New England"... And that was what they hoped to create, a NEW England. A better one, a perfect, place with a perfect "purified" church.
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