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Executive Branch

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by

Rachael Streitman

on 30 January 2017

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Transcript of Executive Branch


Come and check out my branch of government! It's 'YUGE!
THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
I CAN:
LEARNING GOALS:
I can explain how the US Constitution created a federal system of government, representative democracy, and a framework with separation of powers and checks and balances.
Identify people/agencies in the Executive Branch
Describe role of executive branch
Examine limits on Executive power
POWERS OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
Enforces laws
President signs laws or vetoes laws
President is Chief of State (symbol of our nation!)
President is Commander in Chief (head of military)
Appoints judges & other officers (like, Secretary of State)
Make treaties
Can pardon/reprieve people of crimes
Make executive order (has the force of law)
Who is in the executive branch?
President
Cabinet
Federal Agencies
WHICH OF THESE IS THE MOST IMPORTANT POWER, AND WHY?
Do your research!
Open a new Chrome tab, and using Google, find an example of each of the following. Write answers on your paper:
A president using the VETO power
A president offering a PARDON or REPRIEVE
A president making an executive order
A president appointing a Supreme Court judge
Checks on Presidential Power
Treaties need Senate's approval
Judge appointments need Senate's approval
Congress can override the veto
House can
impeach
the Prez (bring charges against him!) and Senate can vote to remove him from office
The Supreme Court can say he's violating the Constitution
Do your research!
Use a new Google tab to find an example of a President who was impeached!
Who?
Why?
Were they removed from office?
How is the President chosen???
Article 2 of the Constitution describes our system:
The Electoral College
Each state has electors! The number of electors = people the state has in Congress
When we vote for "President", we're actually voting for the ELECTORS!
Electors are usually chosen by the political parties & are party leaders or involved in politics in some way
The Electors look at the state's "Popular Vote" (all the votes the people cast) and *should* use this to decide which candidate to cast their votes for.
Sometimes a state is winner-take-all ("Oh, Obama won the Majority vote? ALL electors must cast their ballots for Obama!") but not always
Sometimes Electors don't listen to the people & vote for who they want.
Watch this clip & identify at least 3 problems or weaknesses with our Electoral College system!
The Cabinet
Made up of VP and the 15 heads of the Executive Departments
Purpose? Advise the President!
He can't be an expert on
EVERYTHING
, after all!
Executive Departments
Write down at least three!

The Department of Agriculture
Dept. of Commerce
Dept. of Defense
Dept of Education
Dept. of Energy
Dept. of Health & Human Services
Dept. of Homeland Security
Dept. of Housing & Urban Development
Dept. of the Interior
Department of Justice
Department of Labor
Department of State
Department of Transportation
Department of the Treasury
Department of Veterans Affairs
There are 15 unique Executive Departments, each dealing with a different issue!
PRESIDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS
1. 35 years old
2. Born a US citizen
3. Lived in US for last 13 years
Full transcript