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Literary Elements in Night by Elie Wiesel

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by

Valerie Haros

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Literary Elements in Night by Elie Wiesel

Literary Elements in Night by Elie Wiesel
Irony
"I suddenly noticed that two children were engaged in a death struggle, trying to strangle each other. I turned to the lady.
"Please," I begged, "don't throw any more money in!"
" Why not?" She said. "I like to give charity... (page 95)"
~
The woman throwing coins to the poor children, causing a fight to start. Eli asked her to stop and she responded in a mocking way. This represented irony because she claimed she was helping out but in reality, she was causing tension.
Metaphor
"Suddenly his eyes would become blank, nothing but two open wounds, two pits of terror. (page 72)"
~
Akiba Drumer had lost all faith and all will to continue on. He was paralyzed with doubt of himself. The metaphor used to represent his state creates a depressing aura and makes us think of a human beings loss.
The Way out
Foreshadowing
"Fire! I can see a fire! I can see a fire! (page 22)"
~
"Look! Look at it! Fire! A terrible fire! Mercy! Oh, that fire!"
~
Madame Schachter was yelling that in the train and everyone thought she was crazy. Soon after, though, when they arrived to Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Jews saw the crematories and furnaces which, we as the reader knew it was where they were burning the Jews. "Fire!
Oh, that fire!"
Metaphor
I can't forget the light of thankfulness in his eyes while he gulped it down - an animal gratitude (page 101)"
~
This quote shows how sick Elie's dad got physically and mentally. The whole time he spent at the concentration camps turned him from an caring and honest man to hopeless and needy one. It shows how crazed he had turned.
Foreshadowing
"The yellow star? So what? It's not lethal... (Poor father! Of what did you die?)"
~
His father was saying wearing/having the star on wouldn't kill him. It's important because at the time his father didn't think it was a big deal, but in the end, that's what killed him; having the star.
Metaphor
"We were withered trees in the heart of the desert. (page 37)"
~
They were weakened from waiting out in the open standing. It expresses how they were feeling in a better way.
Personification
"Fear gnawing at us nevertheless. (page 27)"
~
Means that they were always scared. Makes fear seem like a little being never leaving you alone and always right by you.
Metaphor
"From the depths of the mirror, a corpse was contemplating me... (page 131)"
~
No matter what, he will still look at himself and remember everything. It shows that what happened in the concentration camps wasn't temporary, it would stay with him forever.
Metaphor
"My foot was on fire. (page 83)"
~
He says this without "like" or "as". Without any literary elements in the book, nobody would be interested. It would be harder to picture things.
Simile
"As awkward as a clown. (page 3)"
~
A clown can be very awkward. It was important because if the author didn't put any literary elements in the book, nobody would be interested. It would be harder to picture things.
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