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E-Learning for Digital Natives

Submission for #edcmooc

Eni P.

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of E-Learning for Digital Natives

"E-learning and Digital Cultures" Okay, so what do these terms actually mean? How does e-learning
fit into that? Digital artifact submission
for #edcmooc In our course we discussed the digital citizenship according to Marc Prensky:

This is also a conflict in current classrooms since today's teachers are mainly digital immigrants who teach digital native students.

How can teachers open up to this new situation and use digital media effectively in the classroom? Digital Natives vs. Digital Immigrants Terminology
Digital Natives - Digital Immigrants Digital Natives In an educational context, according to Prensky, the Digital Natives are those "students today" who are "all 'native speakers' of the digital language of computers, video games and the Internet."

In a broader definition, they are the generation - or the computer affine part of it - born during or after the introduction of digital technologies in the general public. This can range from those born in the early 1960ies, but more commonly defines the generation born during or after the 1980ies, also known as Millennial Generation or Generation Y.

But let's stick to Prensky... ...which means that we talk about the students that were "born digital" and for which mobile phones, computer and the internet are more than just technology: they are a natural element of every day life. Digital Immigrants "So what does that make the rest of us?" asks Prensky, and delivers the answer right away:

" Those of us who were not born into the digital world but have, at some later point in our lives, become fascinated by and adopted many or most aspects of the new technology are, and always will be compared to them, Digital Immigrants. " This means, by most definitions, the Digital Immigrants are the generation that grew up "before the internet".

They also didn't watch 10 hours long cat videos... They are, as of today, 30 years or older, and they grew up with the morning newspaper at the breakfast table, called their parents from a public phone and it took weeks for them to communicate with a distant pen pal. So, again...

What is the problem? Today's teachers are still, for the most part, Digital Immigrants. Do we teach the way WE are comfortable with? What will it be? We can use e-learning as tool.
It is a perfect way to approach different learning types in the same classroom. Learning Styles Tactile/Kinesthetic Visual Auditory These learning styles are preferences. It is rare to response primary to just one style.

Most students belong to all three types but with different personal preferences which developed during childhood, and also can change at any later point in their life.

E-learning allows us to work with multimedia aspects. We can include attributes of all different learning styles in our teaching habits and thus appeal to all types of students A WebQuest in History class! Virtual language exchange
with Skype in the Classroom! Of course, it's not that simple.

Things to consider when using e-learning in the classroom:

* safety
* privacy
* computer literacy
* accessibility
* effectiveness

And, effectively, computer are not everything. Exploring "analog" is just as important! Conlusion Thank you for flipping through! Marc Prensky says:

"It's just dumb (and lazy) of educators - not to mention ineffective – to presume that (despite their traditions) the Digital Immigrant way is the only way to teach, and that the Digital Natives language is not as capable as their own of encompassing any and every idea." So what does this mean
for e-learning in the classroom? Digital Natives and Digital Immigrants grew up in different "worlds" and as such, developed different traits that can't be ignored when digital native students are taught in class by Digital Immigrants. Digital Natives... are a generation used to do several things at once. They are naturals in multitasking, and to a certain degree need to multitask instead of strict concentrating.
are active learners. Instructional, passive learning is often demanding too little of their capacities.
are much more comfortable with game-based learning and gamification.
are used to instant feedback and therefor demand results and rewards quickly to effectively progress.
are natives to technology. In conclusion, technology should be, whenever fitting, a natural part of their learning environment. The multiple ways to include online-based learning into school education are a natural reaction and necessary consequence to reach a whole new generation of students. This doesn't mean that the classroom is brought online entirely, but that it becomes normal to make use of web tools and new media whenever it's appropriate, and to recognize the everyday reality of the Digital Natives. Today's students are, at least in the industrial nations, Digital Natives. Question: Or do we teach them the way THEY are comfortable with? E-learning As Chance According to the Fleming VAK/VARK model. "Making up about 5% of the population, tactile and kinesthetic learners absorb information best by doing, experiencing, touching, moving or being active in some way."

Source: studyingstyle.com "Making up about 65% of the population, visual learners absorb and recall information best by seeing."

Source: studyingstyle.com "Making up about 30% of the population, auditory learners absorb information best through the sense of hearing."

Source: studyingstyle.com Let us look at some examples... Flipping the classroom in maths class! Our current students are "born digital".
They need a learning approach fitting their reality of life.
E-learning is a natural way to teach them. And there is also this...
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