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Microorganisms

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by

Arjuna Ahangama

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Microorganisms

Enzymes
Synthetic
Natural
Microbes
Plant and Animal
Microorganisms
Role of Microorganisms in Enzyme production
Growing
Industrial Applications
Dairy Products
Detergents
Brewing
Textile
Biopharmaceuticals
Paper Processing
Extraction of juice and oil
Sugar industry
Importance of Microorganisms
Enzymes
Development of enzymes
Importance of enzymes
Disease
Agriculture
Biotechnology
Chemical Products
Food production
Research
Tools of nature
Break down food
Each enzyme has specific function
Stable
Work in mild conditions
Fully biodegradable
Proteins
To the Body
Industrial
1890
1908
1960s
1959
1876
1860~90s
Textile desizing
Leather bating - Otto Rohm
First detergent enzyme
Sugars from starch
Liebig Vs Pasteur
William Kune
Christian Hansen
Ancient Times
1874
First specimen
of Rennet
Chemical process
Viable organisms
On fermentation
Unorganized
ferments
Enzymes
Acids
Alkali
Oxidizing agents
Enzyme
from
malt extract
Used animal
excrement (crap)
Bio - 40
Metabolic Enzymes
Digestive Enzymes
Food enzymes
cheese manufacturing
Screening
Mutation
Determining optimal environmental conditions
Right nutrients
Temperature
PH
Oxygen level
Growing the number of microorganisms by millions
Making microorganisms produce enzymes

Isolation and Purification
Recovering enzymes from the fermentation broth


Olive oil extraction
Direct use of enzymes from pancreas
Enzymes
Natural
Synthetic
Sources
Animals
Plants
Microorganisms
Microbial Enzymes
Intracellular Enzymes
Extracellular Enzymes
Fermentation
SSF
SmF
Bacterial Enzyems
Amylase (Alfa and Beta)-
Bacillus
Fungal Enzymes
Amylase (Alpha)-
Aspergillus
Yeast Enzymes
Lipasee-
Candida
Penicillin amidase-
Bacillus
cheese manufacturing
Why?

1 gram of soil contain more than 4000 different microorganisms.

Each can produce hundreds or thousands of different enzymes.
process of finding right microorganism that can produce our enzyme
The process of making perfect production organism
Why?
The original microorganisms are not the best microorganisms for large scale enzyme production

They might not be able produce to much enzymes

Hard to grow in large numbers

Might produce harmful substance to humans
How?
Using drum filters coated with a tick layer of VAX

after a series of filtration process we get pure enzymes
Full transcript