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Three Gorges Dam

A.P.E.S Project
by

Daniel Graham

on 14 December 2013

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Transcript of Three Gorges Dam

? ? POWER GENERATION IS ONE THING, WATER CRISIS IS ANOTHER: NORTHERN CHINA HAS HALF OF THE POPULATION AND ONLY 15% OF THE FRESHWATER. THE PRO’S THE THREE GORGES DAM IS ONE OF THE MOST EXPENSIVE DAMS EVER BUILT. MEANWHILE IN WESTERN CHINA: THE MASSIVE GOBI DESERT IS EXPANDING 1,400 SQUARE MILES PER YEAR DUE TO DROUGHT AND OVER FARMING INDIANS ARE WORRIED BY REPORTS THE PROJECT WILL SIGNIFICANTLY DECREASE THE FLOW OF THE SHARED BRAHMAPUTRA (YARLUNG TSANGPO) RIVER AND INCREASE ITS SALINITY. THE DAM IS ALSO DECREASING THE RIVER’S FLUSHING CAPACITY, CAUSING AN INCREASE IN POLLUTION AND GARBAGE AND FREQUENT ALGAE BLOOMS AND SUBSEQUENTLY REDUCES THE FISH POPULATION. EXPERTS WARN SIPHONING OFF A THIRD OF THE HAN RIVER WILL DECREASE WATER QUALITY AND INCREASE THE RISK OF FLASH FLOODS 13 CITIES, 140 TOWNS, AND MORE THAN 1,600 VILLAGES HAVE BEEN SUBMERGED UNDER THE WORLD'S LARGEST RESERVOIR. AN OFFICIAL COUNT OF 1.3 MILLION PEOPLE WERE RELOCATED. 13 CITIES, 140 TOWNS, AND MORE THAN 1,600 VILLAGES HAVE BEEN SUBMERGED UNDER THE WORLD'S LARGEST RESERVOIR. AN OFFICIAL COUNT OF 1.3 MILLION PEOPLE WERE RELOCATED. The “Three Gorges Catastrophe” THE CON’S THE RESERVOIR FLOOD STORING CAPACITY OF THE DAM IS SUPPOSED TO REDUCE THE FREQUENCY OF MAJOR DOWNSTREAM FLOODING FROM ONCE EVERY TEN YEARS TO ONCE EVERY 100 YEARS. THE DAM HAS INCREASED THE FREIGHT CAPACITY ON THE YANGTZE, ALLOWING MORE GOODS TO BE SHIPPED THROUGHOUT CHINA THE THREE GORGES DAM’S IMMEDIATE GOAL IS TO PROVIDE CHINA WITH CLEAN, RENEWABLE ENERGY, WHILE REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS. THE PROJECT'S WESTERN ROUTE DRAWS WATER ACROSS FIVE MAJOR FAULT LINES, INCLUDING THE EPICENTER OF THE 2008 EARTHQUAKE THAT KILLED OVER 70,000 ALREADY 70% OF CHINA'S FRESHWATER IS POLLUTED. THE PROJECT COULD WORSEN POLLUTION. SOME CITIES HAVE ALREADY REJECTED PLANS TO OBTAIN WATER VIA THE DIVERSION PROJECT AS TOO POLLUTED Since its completion the dam has cause an Increase in flooding Although the dam was supposed to control flooding on the Yangtze, 2010 was one of the worst flood years ever SINCE PARTIAL COMPLETION IN 2006, THERE HAVE BEEN REPORTS OF CRACKS, LANDSLIDES, ECOLOGICAL DETERIORATION, AND ACCUMULATION OF ALGAE (WATER BECOMING MURKISH) THE DAM HAS PUT MANY DIFFERENT ECOSYSTEMS UNDER STRESS. THE WORLD'S LARGEST HYDROELECTRIC DAM, IT GENERATES 11 TIMES AS MUCH POWER AS THE HOOVER DAM THE WORLD'S LARGEST HYDROELECTRIC DAM, IT GENERATES 11 TIMES AS MUCH POWER AS THE HOOVER DAM Grand Total: $88 billion TOTAL COST China will relocate 350,000 people within two years to make way for the water diversion project. Further destruction and relocation is inevitable THE PROJECT WILL USE DAMS, PUMPING STATIONS, TUNNELS, AND CANALS TO DRAW 45 BILLION CUBIC METERS OF WATER UPSTREAM 1,000 MILES EACH YEAR THE DAM HAS PUT MANY DIFFERENT ECOSYSTEMS UNDER STRESS. By shifting a significant mass of water, the dam will literally SLOW THE ROTATION OF THE EARTH THE NOT SO FUN FACT!!! Chinese River Dolphin Chinese Sturgeon Chinese Paddle Fish Siberian Crane Sources http://www.greeniacs.com/GreeniacsArticles/Energy/Three-Gorges-Dam.html

http://debate.yukozimo.com/pros-and-cons-of-the-three-gorges-dam/

http://dbp.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_Three_Gorges_Dam

http://www.businessinsider.com/three-gorges-dam-south-to-north-water-diverson-project-china-2010-7#dont-miss-18

http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=1046 The Big Question Is it really worth it to disrupt the natural balance of the environment, dislocate people, and destroy natural habitats in the name of clean "sustainable" electricity. Environmental
Pollution (accumulations of toxic materials from industrial sites)
Landslides and Earthquakes
Erosion and Sedimentation
Waste Management (very little has been done to recycle/remove the wastes from the area which has turned Yangzi into a poisonous river)
Wildlife (there has been a huge damage to the fish and other wildlife in the area)
Social

Relocation of almost 2 million people
Urbanization
Drowning of more than 100 towns (many of them have 100's of historically important sites which will disappear under the reservoir's water)
hardships in the resettlement process
Economical

Provides a vast supply of electricty
Cost over 80 Billion Dollars
Destroyed some of China's most arable land

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