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Eldorado City of Gold
Transcript of Eldorado City of Gold
Is the Legend still True to this Day?
What is the El Dorado City of Gold?
Culture of Origin: The Muisca People
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada: Spanish Conquistador, led an expedition in 1537 to South America. He discovered and conquered the Muisca people. Once conquered he drained some of Lake Guatavita.
2010 TV series:
Eldorado: The City Of Gold
The Road to El Dorado
El Dorado is a legendary city known for its great wealth in gold. It was and continues to be searched for by many explorers who believe in this legend.
- early in 16th century, Spanish explorers came to South America
- rumors of tribes making gold and jewel offerings to a lake Goddess
- they found gold within other tribes
- found lake where offerings where made; found some gold but not as much as they hoped
- believed that a place of great wealth had to be located in the area
- also known as the Chibchas lived on the Cundinamara plateau in Colombia
- known to exist since 800 AD and pop. was 500,000
- originally were farmers who also built stone monuments, today they are known for their gold work
- gold raft believed to be built by the Muisca people between 1200- 1500 AD
- depicts the ceremony of El Dorado
WORSHIP AND RITUALS
- worshiped the sun and a deity said to live in Lake Guatavita
- believed that once a wife of a chief jumped in lake to escape punishment and survived, she became a goddess
- pilgrimages were made to the goddess by throwing gold into lake and chief jumping in lake covered in gold dust
Lake Guatavita, Colombia
Sir Walter Raleigh heard the legend of El Dorado and left to search for the city in 1594. He claimed he found it, and the city appeared on a map until another explorer (Alexander von Humbolt) disproved it on one of his travels.
One More Explorer
Francisco de Orellana went to search for El Dorado in 1540. After exploring the Napo river, he continued his search and wound up discovering the Amazon River.
HOW AND WHY DID THE LEGEND SPREAD?
- real meaning "the gilded man" to describe chief in ceremony
- rumor made the man of gold turn into the city of gold after the Spanish drained the lake
Impact on Present Time
El Dorado County
"located in the historic Gold Country in the Sierra Nevada Mountains and foothills of the U.S. state of California"
To this day some people do not believe in El Dorado, however people in South America still believe in it. Individuals believe Lake Guatavita still contains gold. It now is protected by the government and it is illegal to drain or dig for gold in or near the lake.
- after lake Guatavita was drained, legend of city of gold spread across the Atlantic Ocean and reached the ears of many English and Spanish explorers
- greed and rumor turned the legend of the gilded man to a city of gold
- was believed and still believed today because "we want it to be true." It's a very desirable myth and people want to think they have a chance of finding treasure.
- shortly after this,Christopher Columbus discovered the "new world"
- some believe that El Dorado simply refers to Lake Guatavita, protected by the government today
CULTURE OF ORIGIN: EUROPE IN THE 1500'S
- This time period was known as the age of exploration or discovery
when European sailors & explorers set out from the "old world" to explore the "new world"
At first befriended natives; then found out they had gold and “exploration turned to exploitation." Many natives treated unfairly
Europe was aware that South America was rich in luxuries, and they had a desire for gold and silver. There were scant resources of precious metal in Europe, and they needed gold and silver for the economy.
- gold and silver were desired and needed in the European economy at that time; a city of gold could help
"Eldorado" by Edgar Allan Poe
"In sunshine and in shadow,
Had journeyed long..
But he grew old..
And, as his strength
Failed him at length..
Over the Mountains
Of the Moon"