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Abuel's AP Language and Composition 2010-11

One of my first Prezi's that attempted to capture the most basic components of my curriculum for the AP Language and Composition Course. It is still a work in progress, and I can't seem to finish it because I keep changing it.
by

Siggy Abuel

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Abuel's AP Language and Composition 2010-11

Langauge
Composition
AP
Stop Action
Start Action
What is Rhetoric?
The Art/Study of Persuasion
Classical
Modern
Advertising Techniques
Linguistics
History of Discourse and the Nature of Language
Psychoanalysis
Semiotics
Deconstructionism
Double Speak
Logic
Political Persuasion
Legal Language
Civilized Warfare
Memorization
Argumentation
Liberal Education
Philosophy
Speaker/Writer
Audience
Message
Think
Believe
Understand
Feel
Ethos: Credibility
Logos: Logic
Pathos: Emotions
Abuel's Rhetoric
Modes of Thinking/Writing
Description
Example/Illustration
Narration
Cause/Effect
Process/Analysis
Compare/Contrast
Division/Classification
Definition
Figures, Devices, and Tropes
Facts and Opinions
Persuade
Inform
Entertain
Exhortation
What you need to bring with you:
Understanding of Organic Unity
Understanding of Figurative Language
Basic Grammar and Essay Writing Skills
Work Ethic
A Positive Attitude
Courage
Status/Stasis
An Sit: Is it?
Quid Sit: What does X mean?
Quale Sit: To what extent is it true?
"Alyssa is the coolest person at school!"
example:
Is Alyssa the coolest person at school?
What do you mean by "cool?"
How cool is she?
Past or Forensic Arguments [Judicial/Historical]
Present Arguements [Truth/Value/Good/Bad]
Future or Deliberative Arguments [Law/Decisions/Control]
Quan stole the cookie from the cookie jar.
Stealing is wrong!
Quan should go to jail!
Pathos
Ethos
Virtue
Experience
Knowledge/Expertise
Credential/Office
Disinterest/Good-Will
""When I went to school..."
"Having taught rhetoric for six five years..."
"I totally saw the movie and let me tell you..."
...at least that's what I thought when I went through it..."
"As the President..."
"The diploma on my wall..."
"...and since I was voted MVP..."
"Having been on the honor roll..."
"That's 'Dr.' Welloh to you, not 'Mr. Welloh'"
"I have to be honest, I really don't know much about..."
"...and then after I saved the orphans..."
"Of course, we must not be too harsh on the opposition..."
"As my intelligent opponent has already stated..."
"...it really doesn't affect me, but I think we should..."
"You know, even though it would put more work on my plate, I really think you should..."
"Seriously though, it would benefit you to try and..."
"Since I can't take advantage of it, why don't you..."
"I was only doing for you..."
"We live in a world where materialism has..."
"Having studies the gorillas for some time, I have concluded..."
"And since enzymes break down at 42 degrees centigrate..."
"The difference between power, strength, and endurance is found in the fibres..."
Logos
Structured Claims
Types of Evidence / Backing
Enthymemes
Syllogisms
Toulmin
Independent Array
Anecdote/Hypothetical
Mathematical/Logical
Historical Evidence
Scientific Facts
Safety
Utility/Cost
Morality/Justice
Identity/Humanity
Matrix
Other/Group
Relationships
Self
Logical Fallacy Monster
Quotation
Dependent Array
The Sword of Essay Structures
Last Resort
Ethos
Thesis
Logos
Pathos
Narratio
Diviso into Thesis
Refutatio
Confirmatio x 2
Peroratio
Cicero's Pattern
Exordium
Narratio
Divisio
Thesis
Confirmatio
Refutatio
Peroratio
Exordium or Narratio
Thesis
Confirmatio x 3
Repeat Thesis
Abuel's Pattern
Jane Schaffer's Pattern
Facts!!!
Opinions!!!
Planning!!!
Needs and Desires
Fears
Diction
Syntax
Details and Slanting
Device
Description
Example/Illustration
Compare
Constrast
Cause
Effect
Narrative
Division
Classification
Process
Definition
analysis
Argument
S.O.A.P.
S.T.O.N.E.
Objective
Subjective
Gorgias
Aristotle
Cicero
Quintillian
Measurements
Qualities
Attributes
Facts
+
-
"Wrinkles of experience lined the old homeless man's visage as he smilingly whispered wisdom disguised in riddles."
"Cracks and crevices scarred the decrepit bum's face as he maniacally uttered nonesense."
"Jennifer sets high standards."
"Jennifer expects the impossible."
"Mr. Abuel corrected our mistakes."
"Mr. Abuel pointed out our flaws."
"Adrianna works hard."
"Adrianna is an over-achiever."
Organizing Structures
Sensory
Spatial
Chronological
Emphatic
Paragraphs or clauses are clustered by particular sense...
Top to Bottom
Bottom to Top
Inside to Outside
Outside to Inside
Left to Right
Right to Left
Biggest to Smallest
Smallest to Biggest
First this, then this, followed by this, etc. (or vice versa)
Note: causality is not neccessary to use this mode. It is merely order of events.
How you describe something reveals your hidden biases, values, morals, and beliefs.
Abstract Description
Specific Description
Objective Description
Subjective Description
The man spoke in the room.
Mr. Abuel spoke about Rhetoric in Rm 117.
The bad man uttered in the run-down room.
Mr. Abuel didactically ranted about Rhetoric in the classroom of 117, which was cluttered with old essays and English Books.
As close to facts as possible. Trying to be unbiased and bereft of slanting. Removal of all possible subjectivity/opinion.
Description filled with bias, slanting, and opinion.
Description that is vague, leaving much to the imagination. Terms such as big, large, good, bad, old, young. Leaves more room for the audience to fill with their own biases and wants.
Description that is more precise. Often includes exact numbers, measurements, lengthy descriptions that aim to leave less room for audience biases and assumptions.
Connotation: The feelings and ideas associated with a word. Not the definition. This is what causes words to slant.
L.E.A.D
Decorum: Using appropriate words to suit the subject and the occasion.
Euphony
Cacophony
Arranging a description by what is most memorable or prominent to least memorable or prominent.
Timmy was about 5'10' and had a shock of red hair that stuck straight out of his head. He was all bones, which would jut out of his body at odd angles and cause pain to anyone that was unfortunate enough to run into him. He also smelled slightly of carrots, but on really hot days, he smelled like a rotting salad.
His feet are shaped like two large suction cups. His legs are metal and are segmented for mobility and are telescoping. Atop his two legs is a large cylinder with arms attached that serve as his body. Atop his body is a smaller cylinder that tapers to a dome with an antena on top.
I was born in Quezon City, Phillipines. When I was five, I moved to San Francisco, CA. When I was seven, I moved to Chicago, Il. so my mom could get her second masters degree. When I was 14, my mother got a job with ING Barrings so I had to move to Singapore. When I graduated High School, I moved back to Chicago, where I worked for a few years. I moved to Arizona to go to ASU. I then moved to Newport Beach to teach English in Costa Mesa.
So there's this guy raising his fist , looking all angry, and he's riding on this printer that is printing out a fish on paper. There's water everywhere and he has swords strapped to his back. Oh, and there's this poster in the background.
Colloquialism
Jargon
Slang
Formal
Informal
Aesthetically Pleasing
Hot
A Beverage
A Drink
Accolades
Props
pleasing to the ear (sounds, not ideas)
unpleasant to the ear (sounds, not ideas)
"She cackled and chortled out her joke."
"She laughed while she said a funny tale."
"He danced and swayed upon the floor."
"He gyrated and freaked in the center of the club."
"It cracked apart the candy."
"It halved the mint."
Word Order
Basics I
Declarative
Imperative
Exclamatory
Interrogative
Basics III
Simple
Complex
Compound
Compound-Complex
Basics II
Fragment
Run-On
Phrase
Clause
Independent Clause
Dependent Clause
Basics IV - Parallelism
Anaphora
Epistrophe
Antithesis
Chiasmus
Antimetabole
Epanalepsis
Anadiplosis
Syllepsis
Zeugma
Parataxis
Hypotaxis
Isocolon
Tricolon
Loose
Periodic
Asyndeton
Polysyndeton
Anastrophe
Antanaclasis
Parenthesis
Polyptoton
Apposition
Antecedent
Metaphor/Simile
Repetition
Pun
Personification
Apostrophe
Hyperbole
Understatement/Litotes/Meiosis
Metonymy/Synecdoche
Irony
Symbol
Sarcasm
Juxtaposition
Caricature
Allusion
Vivid Imagery
Truth can only be found in the moment.
There are no eternal truths
Arguments should stem from the values of the audience
Logos is the most powerful tool
Avoid Pathos
“...the duty of the same man both to declare what he should rightly and to refute what has been spoken falsely...”
You cannot convince everybody, just like a doctor cannot heal everybody.
See every means of persuasion available for the occasion
Rhetoric is a neutral tool that can be used for both good and evil
Always have a reason
Always have evidence
Find truth in the moment...
Defend truth...
"...we must be able to employ persuasion, just as strict reasoning can be employed, on opposite sides of a question, not in order that we may in practice employ it in both ways (for we must not make people believe what is wrong), but in order that we may see clearly what the facts are, and that, if another man argues unfairly, we on our part may be able to confute him. No other of the arts draws opposite conclusions: dialectic and rhetoric alone do this. "
The best orator is the best human being
The orator must be knowledgable in many fields
Be flexible and adapt your rhetoric to any situation
"The orator by his words greatly magnifies and exaggerates the grievousness of such things as in everyday life are thought evils and troubles to be shunned, while he enlarges upon and beautifies by his eloquence whatever is commonly deemed delectable and worthy to be desired..."
Use your powers for good..
Appeals to Authority
Ethos
Seeks Truth
Defends Truth
Exposes Falsehood
Tactics
Create Truth
Control the Audience
Orators
Sophists
Rhetors
Which will you be?
Aims:
Societal Progress
Wisdom
Accord/Peace
Defensive Tactics
Aims:
Personal Gain
Pleasure
Revenge
Offensive Tactics
Socrates
Aristotle
Cicero
Quintillian
St. Augustine
Martin Luther
Francis Bacon
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
Abraham Lincoln
Martin Luther King Jr.
Gorgias
Plato
Julias Ceasar
Augustus Ceasar
Nero Ceasar
Niccolo Machiavelli
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Sen. Joseph McCarthy
Most Poets and Musicians
Offensive Tactic #2
Defensive Tactic #2
The Terrains of Argument
Defensive Tactic #1
Offensive Tactic #1
The Tense Shift - Use this to expose opponents proof/reasons for an argument or use this to retreat from a losing battle.
"...and though ambition itself is a vice, it is often the parent of virtues."
Use past and present to argue for the future
Commit Whole-Heartedly
Speak Plain and to the Point
Every Rhetorical Act is Oppurtunity
Participate in the World...
Understanding of AMOS
You
Pragmatics
Formalist Literary Studies
The mind is what sets up the conditions for action, rhetoric aims to affect the minds of others.
The Concession
Joint Lock
Offensive Tactic
Two Primary Functions
Serve as Proof as an alternate to Evidence
Make something abstract more specific, clarify
Inductive Arrangement
Deductive Arrangement
Specific Examples/Anecdotes
Typical Examples
Hypothetical Examples
Atypical Examples/Cherry Picking
False Anecdote/ Excessive Pathos
Red Herring
Induction
Examples and Evidence
Examples and Evidence
General Arguement
General Arguement
Examples of Mustaches
What's a "Mustache?"
Rachel studies hard
I once saw Rachel save a hobo from a burning building
If you asked Rachel for a kidney, she would give it to you
Rachel has an excellent GPA
Rachel is an awsome person!
Angel is an awsome person!
"Einstein once said..."
How something is said
Tones
Mr. Abuel's
&
B.A.E.
from Arizona State
Specialization: Literature
Cum Laude
2004
National Board Certification
Adolescent Language Arts
2010
NCLB
CLAD
CLEAR Credential
Kappa Delta Pi
Experience
4 Years AP Lit.
4 Years AP Lang.
4 Years Freshman Honors English
3 Years Senior English
1 Year Sophomore English
1 Year Junior English
2 Years Frehsman English
2 Years Freshman Seminar
1 Year Credit Recovery
2 Years Pre-School
CMHS
Kiddie Garden
Outside the Classroom:
3 Years NMFT Site Rep
1 Year Secondary Curriculum Facilitator: English
1 Year English Department Chair
2 Years BTSA Mentor
"Well my mom told me..."
2
This also establishes credibility by grabbing the ethos of another and taking it as your own. This can be used as a type of proof.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Aristotle's Rhetorical Triangle
All of this can change depending on the occasion...
"Did you know that scurvy on historical sailing vessels was alleviated by eating oranges...now eat your oranges little Valerie (Valerie is three years old)."
"Trust me, I'm a doctor...now hand me that accordian!"
Searching for Similarities
Conclusion: Harry Potter is not that original!
Pinker's Occasions
Dominance
Relationship
Mutuality
Relationship
Exchange
Relationship
Boss - Employee
King - Peasants
General - Soldier
Teacher - Student???
Husband - Wife???
Friendships???
Family
Close Friends
Strangers
Business Interactions
This one time, she totally saved a bunch of orphans from a burning building.
She can speak dolphin.
She always obeys all traffic laws.
Looking for Differences
Basis: An idea that guides what similarities and differences are noted
Fast Food Restaurants...
Basis can be:
Nutritional Worth
Employment
Costs
Location
Immediate Effect
Ultimate Cause
Immediate Cause
Ultimate Effect
...can slant positively, negatively, or make ironic
...tone will usually match decorum
...can alter meaning of a word or clause
Beginning, Middle, End - Plot
Cause and Effect - Causality/Chronology
Character, Conflict, Setting
Theme, Moral - Argument
Example, Ethos, Proof
Event Selection
Unbiased/Factual/Logical/Truth
Opinion/Feelings/Slanted
Ex. Costa Mesa High School is located in Orange County
Ex. Costa Mesa High School has a great location.
Mixed Statement
Blends both fact and opinion
Ex. Costa Mesa High School is fortunate to be located in Orange County
- taking an abstract concept and breaking it apart into sub-categories
ex. love - platonic love, romantic love, familial love
- taking a series of items and placing then into distinct categories
Taco Bell, Del Taco, Burger King, Jack in the Box, McDonalds, Chipotle, In-N-Out
Places I Eat: Chipotle, In-N-Out
Places I don't Eat: Taco Bell, Del Taco, Burger King, McDonalds, Jack in the Box
Burger Places: McDondalds, Burger King, In-N-Out
Mexican Inspired Places: Taco Bell, Del Taco, Chipotle
Mixed: Jack in the Box
X is A
X is not B
X is like Z
Ways to Define:
Standard Definition
a) describe something so we can all understand its meaning

Stipulative Definition
b) create a temporary or narrow definition for special usage
Spectrum of Abstraction
Topoi
This is me and my wife.
Professional Ethos
Personal Trivia
Places Lived:
Quezon City, Phillippines
Antipolo City, Phillippines
San Fransisco, CA
Chicago, IL
Skokie, IL
Palatine, IL
Vallejo, CA
Schaumburg, IL
Scottsdale, AZ
Newport Beach , CA
Irvine, CA
Tampines District, Singapore
USA
Asia
Places Visited:
USA
I've been to every state except: New England States above New York, Texas, Alaska, Hawaii, Louisiana, The Carolina's, Washington State, and Oregon
The World
Phillippines
Japan
Hong Kong
Singapore
Malaysia
Cairns, Australia
Daintree, Australia
Darwin, Australia
Next Stop? - India
Friends and Family
Mom
Wife
Sister
My Cousins
My Dog, Dio
Phil and Tia
Amanda
Brian
Mike
Things I Like:
Words, Words, Words
Weight Lifting
Reading
Writing
Chess
Philosophy
Anime
Dogs
Art Museums
Science Museums
Personal Training
Hiking
Boba
Curry Puffs
Beef Jerky
Antiquarian Book Stores
Things I Dislike:
Violence
Reality T.V.
Gossip
Snow
Cheating
Twilight Novels
Swimming
Any temperature above 75 Degrees
Professional Sports
Big Cities
Small Towns
Not Learning
Self-Doubt
Not Trying
Laziness
Trendiness
Politics
Texting
Coffee
Directive - How it is done (Future)
Geology
Ancient History
Aristotle
Kierkegaard
Existentialism
Shakespeare
Used Book Stores
Lions
Trail Running
Protein
Facebook
Informative - How it came to be (Past)
ex. Preheat the oven to 350 Degrees Then unwrap the burrito from the plastic wrap. Place Burrito in oven and keep in oven for 20 minutes. Remove from oven and let burrito stand for 3 minutes. Enjoy.
ex. First Elaine broke up with her boyfriend because she caught him cheating with her bestfriend. Then it just so happened that Eric moved from Torrace to our school. Evan then invited Elaine to party and it turned out that Eric was there to. Evan then asked Evan to let some of the guests in, and when he did, Elaine was the first person he saw, and they fell in love immediately.
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