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Chapter 4 The Human World

Humans, world population, global cultures and political and economic systems

Ashley Briseno

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Chapter 4 The Human World

Population photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Population Growth
Around the world population is growing ...and fast
Around 7 billion people live on Earth and is expected to reach 9 billion by 2025
Before the 1800's the population was about the same for a very long time but between the 1800's and 1950 the population more than doubled Death rate-# of deaths per year per 1,000 people
birthrate- # of births per every 1,000 people
The birthrate minus death rate is called natural increase which is how much the population has increased
Population Density- average amount of people living per square mile Growth Rate It seems that the need of food and living space is becoming a concern because of rapid population growth
New ideas and creations are being made to help keep up with the demand
Negative population growth
when death rate is higher than birth rate
causes problems for the economy
Distribution of living space Challenges with population growth Culture Governments culture-the way of life for people who share the same beliefs
consists of:
religious beliefs
region where people live
No culture remains the same!! More Culture Facts ;) Cultural hearths-places of the world's first civilization
These places include Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, China and Mexico
These places are where our roots come from
Cultural diffusion-spreading knowledge and skills from one culture to another
An example of this could be how we sometimes borrow words form other languages Each country has their own historical development and do things differently
They also have different types of authority
oligarchy-government has small groups that are in control
democracy-government has separate powers
Economic System-makes 3 basic decisions
1.)goods and services
2.)how to produce
3.)who gets the goods
Each country in the world has their own government (over 200 different governments) Everyone has their own belief's, hence everyone is different Different Cultures
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