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Transcript of Outliers
" There is something profoundly wrong with the way we make sense of success. " "Accumulative advantage" The effect of It tells us that our notion that it is the best and the brightest who effortlessly rise to the top is much too simplistic. That opportunity played
a critical role in their success. "BIG HEAD START" "Matthew Effect" "For unto everyone that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance. But from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath. The rich get richer It is those who are successful, in other words, who are most likely to be given the kinds of special opportunities that lead to further success. "Accumulative advantage" Little difference leads to an opportunity that makes that difference a bit bigger, and that edge in turn leads to another opportunity, which makes the initially small difference bigger still. The talent of essentially half of the Czech athletic population has been squandered. We prematurely write off people as failures. We are too much in awe of those who succeed and far too dismissive of those who fail.
And, most of all,
we become much too passive. We overlook just how large a role we all play—and by "we" I mean society—in determining who makes it and who doesn't. success is a simple function of individual merit and that the world in which we all grow up and the rules we choose to write as a society don't matter at all. the best and the brightest head start accumulative initially on and on genuine The systems we set up to determine who gets ahead aren't particularly efficient. implication gifted programs slip through roster squander Those born in the last half of the year have all been discouraged, or overlooked, or pushed out of the sport. be obsessed with finish profoundly the top rung prematurely write off A as B in awe of dismissive make it January-April May-August September-December School & Hockey Divide up month of birth maturity level the playing field machinery consequential cling to If you have a head start on other people, you have an advantage over them in something such as a competition or race 32:13 The poor get poorer & gradually increasing in amount or degree over a period of time 33:11 edge something that gives you an advantage over others 33:14 at the beginning 33:16 a list of the names of people
on a sports team, in an organization etc 33:26 34:4 to carelessly waste
money, time, opportunities etc to be in a particular position
at the end of a race, competition etc 34:12 the state of being
fully developed or adult a system or set of processes
for doing something 36:16 important 36:17 refusing to consider
someone or something seriously 35:10 something are the things
that are likely to happen as a result 33:20 be successful in your job 35:13 a feeling, desire etc is one that you really feel
not one you pretend to feel 33:17 32:9 36:10 36:19 34:9 35:7 33:25 36:12 35:9 33:23 35:6 35:8 35:4