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Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)
Transcript of Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)
A. laoshī wu'ān, tóngxué men wu'ān. Wo jiao Lin Mei Jia.
Types of Construction
Consists of two vertical posts for support (post) and horizontal one (lintel).
Generally used for wooden buildings.
Medium- intermediate in quantity, quality, position, size, or degree
Visual- something you look at (such as a picture, chart, or film) that is used to make something more appealing or easier to understand
Arts- works created by artists : paintings, sculptures, etc., that are created to be beautiful or to express important ideas or feelings
III. Ovation: Video Clip (Related to our topic)
B. Report : Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)
C. Objective: to fulfill a need that leads to its creation
Art of designing and constructing building.
A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures
The art and science, or the action and process, of designing and constructing buildings.
Materials: wood, stone, brick, concrete, glass.
Common building material
Advantages: abundance, relative durability, and high tensile and compressions strength.
Disadvantages: easily destroyed by moisture, insects, and fire.
Plywood: improved the structural possibilities of wood; stronger than any known material.
Materials used when permanence is desired.
Made of sand and gravel mixed with cement
High compressive strength
Doesn’t crumble or breakdown when subjected to heavy weight
Does not corrode and is fire resistant
Stronger: ferro-concrete or reinforced concrete (reinforced with steel)
Tough alloy of iron in variable amounts
Malleable under proper condition and greatly hardened by sudden cooling
Made possible the building of the high-rise structures which are very popular this days
Materials used and the methods of assembling them are among the factors contributing to architectural style.
Dominant in Roman architecture
Architectural forms built from pieces of wood called voussoirs with joints between them and are arranged in semi-circle.
All materials are in compression
Typical for stone construction: can stand great pressure
Dome is an extension of the arch
A straight structural member
Typically wood or steel, capable of spanning from one support to another and supporting the weight of structure above.
Works by resisting bending forces.
Roof resembling an inverted cup or hemisphere, formed by round arches or vaults rising from a round or many-sided base.
Any structural part projecting horizontally and anchored at one end only.
Needs a beam with tensile strength, and does not crack or break easily
Largely utilized in buildings with steel as medium
Wood is also used but is limited since it has a tendency to warp, sag or rot.
Used in construction of skyscrapers which depends for support upon a steel skeleton.
Column or pillar
A relatively slender structural element, typically circular, square or polygonal in plan, that bears the weight of the structure above.
A short section of masonry built at right angles to a wall, to resist lateral forces.
Opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing means of access, usually with a gate or door to provide security and weather protection.
An exterior face of a building, especially the front.
Foundation or footing
Solid base usually below ground, upon which buildings and other structures are built.
Works by spreading vertical loads over a sufficient area to ensure the structure will not subside.
Loadbearing structure similar to a column, but more massive.
a structure spanning in the same way as a beam, but using materials more efficiently by using triangulation to create a rigid structure. Typically timber or steel, used to support a pitched roof.
A curved masonry structure spanning in the same way as an arch, forming either a roof or support for a floor above.
A linear structure enclosing the exterior of an area or building, or subdividing an internal space.
A wall may be loadbearing or non-loadbearing.
An opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing light and ventilation. Usually but not always glazed.
The Humanities: Lesson 3: Mediums of Visual Arts