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Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)

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Mikah Santos

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)

Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)
I. Introduction
A. laoshī wu'ān, tóngxué men wu'ān. Wo jiao Lin Mei Jia.
II. Summation
Title: Architecture

Definition: Architecture
Types of Construction
Post-and-lintel
Consists of two vertical posts for support (post) and horizontal one (lintel).
Generally used for wooden buildings.
Glossary:
Medium- intermediate in quantity, quality, position, size, or degree
Visual- something you look at (such as a picture, chart, or film) that is used to make something more appealing or easier to understand
Arts- works created by artists : paintings, sculptures, etc., that are created to be beautiful or to express important ideas or feelings
III. Ovation: Video Clip (Related to our topic)
B. Report : Medium of Visual Arts (ARCHITECTURE)
C. Objective: to fulfill a need that leads to its creation
Art of designing and constructing building.
A general term to describe buildings and other physical structures
The art and science, or the action and process, of designing and constructing buildings.
Materials: wood, stone, brick, concrete, glass.
WOOD
Common building material
Advantages: abundance, relative durability, and high tensile and compressions strength.
Disadvantages: easily destroyed by moisture, insects, and fire.
Plywood: improved the structural possibilities of wood; stronger than any known material.

STONE
Materials used when permanence is desired.
CONCRETE
Made of sand and gravel mixed with cement
High compressive strength
Doesn’t crumble or breakdown when subjected to heavy weight
Does not corrode and is fire resistant
Stronger: ferro-concrete or reinforced concrete (reinforced with steel)
STEEL
Tough alloy of iron in variable amounts
Malleable under proper condition and greatly hardened by sudden cooling
Tensile strength
Made possible the building of the high-rise structures which are very popular this days
Materials used and the methods of assembling them are among the factors contributing to architectural style.
Arch
Dominant in Roman architecture
Architectural forms built from pieces of wood called voussoirs with joints between them and are arranged in semi-circle.
All materials are in compression
Typical for stone construction: can stand great pressure
Dome is an extension of the arch
Beam
A straight structural member
Typically wood or steel, capable of spanning from one support to another and supporting the weight of structure above.
Works by resisting bending forces.
Dome
Roof resembling an inverted cup or hemisphere, formed by round arches or vaults rising from a round or many-sided base.
Cantilever
Any structural part projecting horizontally and anchored at one end only.
Needs a beam with tensile strength, and does not crack or break easily
Largely utilized in buildings with steel as medium
Wood is also used but is limited since it has a tendency to warp, sag or rot.
Used in construction of skyscrapers which depends for support upon a steel skeleton.
Column or pillar
A relatively slender structural element, typically circular, square or polygonal in plan, that bears the weight of the structure above.
Buttress
A short section of masonry built at right angles to a wall, to resist lateral forces.
Doorway
Opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing means of access, usually with a gate or door to provide security and weather protection.
Facade
An exterior face of a building, especially the front.
Foundation or footing
Solid base usually below ground, upon which buildings and other structures are built.
Works by spreading vertical loads over a sufficient area to ensure the structure will not subside.
Pier (architecture)
Loadbearing structure similar to a column, but more massive.
Truss
a structure spanning in the same way as a beam, but using materials more efficiently by using triangulation to create a rigid structure. Typically timber or steel, used to support a pitched roof.
Vault (architecture)
A curved masonry structure spanning in the same way as an arch, forming either a roof or support for a floor above.
Wall
A linear structure enclosing the exterior of an area or building, or subdividing an internal space.
A wall may be loadbearing or non-loadbearing.
Window
An opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing light and ventilation. Usually but not always glazed.
References:
http://www.definitions.net/definition/architecture
http://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/architecture
The Humanities: Lesson 3: Mediums of Visual Arts
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