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THE 1848 REVOLUTION IN FRANCE with answers

Check your answers and the notes you have taken
by

Elisabetta Paoli

on 2 December 2015

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Transcript of THE 1848 REVOLUTION IN FRANCE with answers

THE 1848 REVOLUTION in FRANCE
FONTS
Causes of 1848 Rev. in France
Louis-Philippe and prime minister Guizot
were not granting middle class electoral rights =
liberal
opposition
Reform Banquets
demands for
constitutional reforms
Radicals protested with
demonstration
in Paris on
22nd February 1848

20/2/1848 government
banned a dinner

1. Louis-Philippe dismissed

Guizot
but
protests
continued


2. Troops fired on
crowds
marching
on foreign ministry
=
40 protesters
killed
24th Feb.1848
Louis-Philippe abdicated
and
fled to England
LAMARTINE
(poet, member of the chamber and Republican leader)

RADICALS

Not united but wanted:
1.
a Republic
based on
universal manhood
suffrage

2.
social reform

3. to export
Revolution abroad


Moderates /
Middle Class
establish a peaceful
foreign policy
France 1846-47
Moderates & Radicals
need for
elections
to choose a
constituent assembly
to draw up a
constitution
Pseudonymity
means that Service providers can personalize their services and adapt to the users preferences, but at the same time users identities are kept confidential.
Measures by Provisional Government

1. National Guard
open to all classes
2.
press freedom and individual liberties
granted
3
. universal male suffrage
granted
+
financial
and
economic crisis

change
1847-1848 liberal oppostion met in
Reform
banquets
3. barricades
set up in streets.
4. Some guardsmen
defected
5. Troops failed to
break up barricades
and
retreated
announced formation of a
provisional REPUBLICAN government

Provisional government
Hostility between
middle class politicians
and
labouring masses

establish
constitutional parliamentary government
4.
landowners
taxed to set up nationalised
workshops
for the
unemployed
page 19
Why did Lous-Philippe face opposition from both Middle class and Parisan workers?
1846-7 harvest failure and high prices
growing class consciousness
refusal to consent to electoral reform to enfranchise moderate urban middle class

PARIS IN REVOLT
The PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT
4 radicals including
Louis Blanc
joined the gov.
24th Feb.1848
Mob burst into
Chamber of Deputies
wanted to
Main concern for Moderates
Financial crisis
=
imposed 45% of
direct taxation
Most hit =
peasants
The April 1848 elections
Universal manhood suffrage gave vote to
middle class
, workers in the cities and
peasants
Peasants :
1. resented
taxation
2. suspicious of socialism and ideas of
nationalising
their land
3. influenced by
Catholic church
=
Vast majority of deputies =

monarchists
Counter-revolution
15th May 1848
radicals
attempt a
coup
21st June 1848 national workshops:
closed
arrest of
left-wingers
22nd June barricades erected
General Cavaignac
led the
National Guard and
30.000
troops
JUNE DAYS
Troops killed
3500
insurgents
Insurgents killed
1000
troops
4000 suspects deported
to penal settlements abroad
Alexis de Tocqueville defined the struggle:
a class struggle
Work on a new constitution
Cavaignac
became chief of the executive
The assembly continued work on
a new constitution
Monarchists were split a
republican constitution
emerged
The Constitution of the Second Republic
Principles of
universal suffrage
accepted
POWER
elected
Legislative assembly
elected every
3
yrs
made
laws
directly elected
President
elected every
4
yrs
carried out
laws
LOUIS NAPOLEON
(
nephew
of Napoleon)
December 1848 elected President
associated with

national glory

and

restoration of order
voted mainly by the
peasants
and
workers
Why did the forces of conservatism triumph in France???
1852 proclaimed himself
Napoleon III
and the Republic ended in a
dictatorship
Full transcript