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Stephanie Gumns

on 6 May 2013

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Transcript of Cheerleading

Johnny Campbell, a student at the University of Minnesota, brought cheerleading to life by leading the crowd in a popular school chant to encourage the team to a victory. What comes to mind when you hear "cheerleading"? Although they are cheerleaders, there is so much more to cheerleading than that. Cheerleading Princeton formed an all male pep club to cheer on the intercollegiate sports. 1880 1920's Cheerleading gains tumbling, acrobatics, and women. The University of Minnesota was the first to allow women on the team. 1889 Men went off to fight in WWII so women began to dominate cheerleading. The gender switch has never gone back. 1940's In 1961, Herkimer started the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA). 1960's Cheerleading gains more athleticism by acquiring sharper motions, routines to music, and exciting stunts. 1970's 1980's 1990 Today Competitive cheerleading is born and safety is stressed. The American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Administrators was formed to teach safe cheerleading to coaches. Competitive cheerleading becomes a huge industry. In 1974, Jeff Webb, the NCA manager, founded the Universal Cheerleaders Association. In 1948 Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer headed the first cheerleading clinic. At this clinic he created the "herkie" jump, the spirit stick, and the pom pon. There are over 4 million cheerleaders in 31 countries. More than 90% of all cheerleaders are female and at the college level 60% are male. 12% of cheerleaders are 5-13 years old. This journey starts in the 19th century. Cheerleading has come a very long way, from all male and just chanting to mostly female with stunts and tumbling. The reasoning behind cheerleading has never changed though: be leaders and raise peoples spirits. Images obtained from Google Images, video obtained from YouTube, and information obtained from http://www.varsity.com/event/1261/being-a-cheerleader-history and http://news.discovery.com/history/history-cheerleading-120203.htm.
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