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Families and Social Problems

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Kati P

on 30 March 2016

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Transcript of Families and Social Problems

Families and Social Problems
Family Violence
Foster Care

What is Foster Care?
Foster Care Statistics
Influence on family structure
Foster Families
Effects on children
Effects on parents
Strengths and Weaknesses
Single Parenting
- Divorce and Mental Health

-Divorce and it's Effect on Children

-Divorce as it Relates to Poverty
-Divorced or separation, compared to the married or cohabiting, seek professional support more often irrespective mental and physical health status, and irrespective of social background (education, work stats) or of available informal support.

Reasons why:
-Financial Hardship
-Adjustment to new marital status
-High levels of stress

Divorce and Mental Health
Single parent households score lower on entry level exams than dual parent
Later on in life...
More likely to have kids out of wedlock at a young age
More likely to get a divorce if they even get married
Effects on Kids Development
Foster Care
: a system in which a minor has been placed into a ward, group home, or private home of a state-certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent". The placement of the child is normally arranged through the government or a social-service agency. The institution, group home or foster parent is compensated for expenses.
What is Foster Care?
-Marital dissolution was related to an increase in mental health problems for all divorced groups. The worsening to mental health for the divorced compared to people remaining married occurred even though people who were going to divorce reported relatively poor mental health also before the divorce.
Divorce and Mental Health Continued...
In comparison to dual parent homes:
Less likely to graduate from High School
Less likely to attend and complete college
More likely to be suspended or expelled, engage in delinquent activities
Effects on kids education

Foster Care Statistics

1/4 of all US Children live with just one parent
83% single mothers
17% single fathers
51% are a result of divorce, separation or death
49% never married to begin with
Average income single mother: $26,000
Average married income: $84,000
Special Needs
Large proportion of children in SPED come from single parent household.
Majority have a single mother
Father leaves
Lower academic test scores and lower educational aspirations
Parents show lower educational expectations
Less likely to monitor homework
Behavioral issues
Poor academic achievement (boys more than girls)
Absent from school
More likely to drop out
Strengths and Weaknesses
Divorce and its Effects on Children
Approximately an average of 400,000 children in Foster Care in the US
In 2014, over 650,000 children spent time in foster care
Average time in foster care is 2 years
7% of children were in foster care for five or more years
Average age of kids is 9 years old
In 2014, more than 60,000 children in foster care were awaiting adoption
In 2014, more than 22,000 young people aged out of foster care without permanent families
Effects on parents
Financial problems
Emotional overload
Task overload
Responsibility overload
Women Vulnerability
Women of color
Strong parent child communication
Network and community support
Assume responsibility
Self reliance
Gain understanding of adults
Parent child bonds
Kinship support
Financial problems
Emotional problems
Sense of loss
Gender role confusion
- Parents are also likely to provide less sensitive care to their children following a divorce and may experience more depressive symptoms as well.
-The home becomes a less supportive environment because parents are distracted and distressed by the change in lifestyle.
Divorce Effects on Children Continued...
Behavior Changes include:
-Acting up in school and home
-Poor attention span
-Delinquent behavior in adolescents
Divorce as it Relates to Poverty
What are single mother's expenses?
(Huffington post)

-Rent: $500 and up (Definitely in California)
-Child care: $400 a month
-Electricity: $85 a month
Cellphone: $75 a month
Health Insurance: $300 a month
And so on...
$2,285 a month
Influence on Family Structure
Family Violence
Child Abuse and Neglect
Intimate Partner Violence STATS
Causes of Abuse
Consequences of Abuse
Biblical Perspective
1 Corinthians 13:4-7 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5 It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6 Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.
Children removed from biological parents
Parents take in children that are not biologically theirs
Siblings take on parent roles
Roles are swapped often to accommodate to change causing an adjustment in the view of the family structure
Children are unsure where they stand in family
Most foster families follow the family structure of society to their best abilities; however, there are always exceptions.

Functionalist Theory: Each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the whole society.

Symbolic Interactionist: Meaning that people develop and rely upon in the process of social interaction.

Intimate Partner Violence is the violence that occurs between husbands and wives, cohabitating partners, and dating couples in the form of beating, slapping, kicking, and rape.
The National Violence Against Women (NVAW) Survey defines Intimate Partner Violence as including rape, physical assaults
According to the text, child abuse is the distinctive acts of violence and non violence and acts of omission and commission that place children at risk.
According to the government definition in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1996 [ Child Abuse is, at minimum, any act or failure to act] resulting in imminent risk of serious harm, death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation.
The NVAW survey estimated:
Over 33 million Americans have been victims of intimate partner violence at some point in their life.
Every year, around 1.3 million women and more than 800,000 men are physically assaulted by an intimate partner; many of these individuals are victimized repeatedly.
In comparing the experience of abused women to abused men, the NVAW found that the abused are assaulted more frequently and are more likely to be injured than are men.
Injuries inflicted by intimate partners are frequently severe enough to require medical care. Approximately 550,000 female victims and 125,000 male victims require medical treatment every year.
Child abuse is even more prevalent than intimate partner violence.
Every week Child Protective Services (CPS) receive nearly 60,000 referrals alleging child abuse or neglect.
The Child Abuse Protection and Treatment Act provides minimum federal guidelines that states must use in defining child maltreatment.
These guidelines provide four categories of child maltreatment: neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse.
The reasons for the abuse and neglect of children by parents are complex and varied, involving personal, social and cultural factors.
Violence begets violence.
Substance abuse and Social status also are factors that contribute to child abuse.
More than 1,700 children die annually from abuse.
Health Outcomes
Cognitive and Educational Outcomes
Social and Behavioral Outcomes
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