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Unit B322 - Question 3 - Action Adventure Films

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Daniel Walker

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Unit B322 - Question 3 - Action Adventure Films

Question 3
Discuss your understanding of representations.
Refer to stereotypes.

REPRESENTATIONS
When answering question three in the exam, the exam paper will give you some suggestions of what you can discuss when analysing representations in the clip they have chosen.
Common representations that they may ask you to analyse could include...
AGE
GENDER
ETHNICITY / NATIONALITY
CLASS / STATUS
JOB ROLES
AGE
There are common
STEREOTYPES
of age, such as younger characters being immature and moody and adult characters being mature and 'boring'.
However, age is also an issue of
DEPENDENCY
. This means, younger characters are usually more
RELIANT
on older characters, as they are unable to look after themselves yet.
Age can also be a representation of
AUTHORITY
, as older characters traditionally may be more confident and take charge of the situation at hand.
How are the children represented in this clip from Jurassic Park (1993)?
How are the children represented differently in this clip from Jurassic Park 3 (2001)?
GENDER
The common
STEREOTYPES
of gender within Action Adventure films rely on traditional beliefs that the male gender is the stronger sex.
This is usually seen in male characters being much more strong and independent within Action Adventure films that are capable of looking after themselves & others as well as being physically strong.
Gender can also be seen within set character types, such as males being the
Protagonist
and
Antagonists
, and females usually in secondary roles such as the
Princess
and sometimes the
Helper
.
How does Lara Croft from Tomb Raider (2001) have masculine traits?
ETHNICITY / NATIONALITY
Ethnicity or Nationality is important to Action Adventure films, as a the films of them are set in foreign and exotic locations. This means that a characters Ethnicity or their Nationality can help show if they belong in the location or are also foreign.
If characters are foreign within the location, it may help increase
TENSION
, as they will be unfamiliar with their surroundings.
A lot of
ANTAGONISTS
are also foreign to American or British audiences, as Action Adventure films play on traditional fears of the unknown. This also means that the
PROTAGONIST
will typically be American or British, and include a sense of
PATRIOTISM

within the film.
CLASS / STATUS
Finally, different ethnicity or nationalities may have different
CULTURES
and
BELIEFS
which can affect how they interact with other characters.
There are common
STEREOTYPES
of class or status, such as higher classes being much more authoritative or powerful and lower classes being more reckless and defiant.
However, class can also lead to
RIDICULE
. This means that, depending on the audience, they may look at a social class and think that the representation is humorous (it is usually when an audience is looking at a
different
social class that they may find it funny).
Status can also be a representation of
AUTHORITY
. This is usually shown through the use of lower angle camerawork.
How is social class and status represented in this clip from Kingsman The Secret Service (2015)?
JOB ROLES
Occasionally, you may be asked about how a character's job is represented. There are common
STEREOTYPES
surrounding certain jobs.
The stereotypes around jobs usually revolve around a character's
STATUS
within the film, and how they are viewed and respected by other characters. This, in turn, may affect how an audience may view and respect them as a character.
How are Policemen represented in this Hot Fuzz (2007) clip?
EMPOWERMENT
Empowerment refers to
INCREASING
a gender's strength or the audience's self esteem.
This is not exclusive to a particular gender (empowerment can happen for male or female characters).
To help increase the audience's self esteem, the character must be relatable to the target audience (personal identification).
What gender is being empowered within this The Amazing Spiderman clip (2012)?
GAZE THEORY
This is a theory that suggests characters can be OBJECTIFIED and SEXUALISED to a point where they lose all their characteristics and simply become something to 'look at'.
This is not exclusive to a particular gender (the gaze theory can be applied for male or female characters).
How is the Black Widow character objectified in this Iron Man 2 (2010) clip?
If
FEMALE
characters are objectified, it is called the
MALE GAZE THEORY
.
If
MALE
characters are objectified, it is called the
FEMALE GAZE THEORY
.
LOCATIONS
Finally, for question 3, you will also need to show some understanding of how LOCATIONS are represented within Action Adventure films.
It is common for Action Adventure films to use
FOREIGN
,
EXOTIC
or
DANGEROUS
locations. This is important as it can help raise tension and threat within a scene.
How is the location of the luxurious cruise ship transformed in this clip from Poseidon (2006)?
In your answer, you will also need to explain how the characters
INTERACT
with the location, whether they see the location as a threat or if they feel confident and comfortable within it.
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