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Transcript of EDWARD MUYBRIDGE
At the age of 25 he moved to San Francisco during the gold rush.
He became a book seller for the london printing and publishing company.
In 1860 Muybridge left his book store in the care of his brother to travel back to England. Unfortunately he missed the boat from San Francisco and had to take the stagecoach to Saint Louis. However there was an accident involving a runaway stage coach in which Muybridge suffered massive head injuries.
Was born 'Edward James Muggeridge', April 9th 1830, in England.
He had many names but ended up being known as 'Eadweard Muybridge'.
He was one of three brothers.
Muybridge went to New York city where he stayed for nearly a year before he could travel to England.
During this time here he took up photography where he learnt the 'Collodion Process', a method which captures fine detail.
In later life his injuries would lead to eccentic behaviour.
Muybridge returned to San Francisco seven years later and quickly became a successful photographer and built a portable darkroom in an old carriage.
In 1870-1872 Muybridge started using time-lapse photography.
In 1872 the Governor of California Leland Stanford hired Muybridge to try and prove if all four feet of a horse left the ground whilst at trot or galloping. Muybridge quickly showed using his methods the horse 'Occident' airborne on the trot.
These photo's where groundbreaking for their time.
The images where placed on cloth in the form of silhouettes in 1978 placed onto a disc and viewed on a machine called a 'Zoopraxiscope' an early form of a projector.
Today in modern film making we see similar setups.
These consist of carefully timed multiple cameras which can cover multiple angles and show little or no movement of the subject.
We know this as "bullet time"
In 1972 he married Flora Shallcross Stone, In 1974 Muybridge discovered that Major Harry Larkins may have fathered their 7 month child.
On 17th Oct Muybridge tracked down Larkyns and once he found him he said, "Good evening Major, here's the answer to the letter you sent my wife", he then shot the Major at point blank.
Somehow during the trial for murder the jury dismissed the plea of insanity but they acquitted Muybridge on the ground of "Justifiable Homicide".
Even though Muybridge told the court he deliberately went to kill the Major.
In 1878 he returned to the USA and produced a famous 13-part 360 degree panorama of San Francisco.
In 1875 Muybridge went to central America to photograph the region. During this time his wife divorced him, she unfortunately became ill and died just aged 24. His son was sent to an orphanage and although Muybridge paid for his care he had little to do with him.
During this time Muybridge produced around 100,000 photos.
This mainly involved pictures of activities such as Baseball, Boxing, Cricket, Wrestling, Fencing and more.
He also posed nude himself doing various activities such as swinging a minors pick.
Edward Muybridge returned to England permanently in 1894.
At this time he lectured at universities around the country and published two books which are still in print, 'Animals in Motion' 1899 and 'The Human Figure in Motion' 1901.
He dies of prostate cancer in 1904 and is interred in Woking, Surrey.
San Francisco 1855