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The Pilgrims and Puritans
Transcript of The Pilgrims and Puritans
In the early 1600s, a religious group called the called for a total break with the Church of England.
Blown north of its course, the Mayflower landed in an area previously mapped and called New England.
Between 1630 and 1640 a religious group called the Puritans left England to escape bad treatment by King James I
They felt it was too much like the Catholic Church.
King James passed a law that all Englishmen had to belong to the Church of or England or they could be arrested.
Freedom of Religion
To escape the King's rule, the Separatists fled to Holland where people had the freedom to choose how they worship.
They approached the
and asked if they could settle in America as "a distinct body by themselves."
102 passengers and 30 crew members boarded the Mayflower on September 16, 1620.
The pilgrims landed outside the limits of the Virginia Company, so their charter did NOT apply.
For sake of order, the men aboard the Mayflower signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact in 1620.
They vowed to obey laws agreed upon for the good of the colony. It helped establish the idea of self-government and majority rule.
Governor William Bradford calls the Plymouth settlers pilgrims when he writes about their departure from Leiden, Holland to come to America: “They knew they were pilgrims, and looked not much on those things, but lifted up their eyes to the heavens, their dearest country; and quieted their spirits.”
a person who goes on a long journey often with a religious or moral purpose, and especially to a foreign land.
Why the Pilgrims??
'Pilgrim' became (by the early 1800s at least) the popular term applied to all the Mayflower passengers
The First Thanksgiving
In the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims wanted to celebrate the blessing of the good harvest.
It was a three day celebration that focused around prayer, dance, and eating.
It wasn't until 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November.
Chief Massasoit and other Wampanoag Indians joined the Plymouth settlers which came to represent the peace that existed at that time between the Native Americans and Pilgrims.
They wanted to "purify" the church's practices rather than break away like the Separatists
In 1630, 11 well-supplied ships carried about 1,000 passengers to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Great Migration: the movement of Puritans from England to establish settlements around the world, including 20, 000 who sailed to America.
The New England Way
Puritan Way of Life
By law, everyone had to attend church services held in the meeting house.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Felt that amusements such as dancing and playing games lead to laziness.
Required children to learn to read because they wanted everyone to be able to read the Bible.
In 1636, moved his congregation to Connecticut valley.
In January of 1639, male citizens of three townships in Connecticut (Hartford, Windosr, and Wethersfield) assembled and drew up the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.
These laws were a constitution that extended voting rights and limited the power of the government.
It was the first written constitution in America.
: A minister in Salem, Massachusetts who founded the first Baptist church in America.
She believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister, or Bible.
A religious group that challenged the Massachusetts commonwealth
Believed each person could know God through an "inner light"
Believed in treating Native Americans fairly
Were persecuted for their beliefs so many left for Rhode Island
Thanks to the help of Squanto and other Native Americans, the Pilgrims learned to survive in their new environment.
Soon more people would sail to New England seeking religious freedom.
Unlike earlier colonist, the Puritans were well prepared
The Pilgrims at Plymouth endured a starving time
A society that emphasized duty, godliness, hard work, and honesty.
Established a commonwealth.