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Emotional Disturbance/Behavior Disorder (EDBD)
Transcript of Emotional Disturbance/Behavior Disorder (EDBD)
(as defined by the IDEA Act)
A condition (or set of conditions) exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time, and to a marked degree, adversely affecting a child’s educational performance:
Contributing Factors to ED/BD*
Behavioral and social characteristics of students with ED/BD
Two general categories for behaviors:
* Internalizing behaviors
- little social interaction
- withdrawal due to excessive fear/anxiety
- abnormal mood swings
* Externalizing behaviors
- aggression or self-injurious behavior
- “bizarre” motor acts
Students may face:
- Inappropriate self-expression (of emotions or behaviors)
- Difficulty following instructions (not due to learning difficulty)
- Problems with honesty
- Difficulty maintaining boundaries & respecting property
Strategies, Interventions, and Accommodations
- If students don’t respond to classroom management:
consult levels of RTI & gather data
- During a disruption:
de-escalate the situation, respond calmly, discipline after calmed down
- Comprehensive Classroom Management (Jones & Jones 2004)
- Teach/model/role play appropriate self-expression
- Teach self-talk
- Provide a "quiet space"
* What are some challenges you faced in your own classrooms?
* What are some strategies you may have used in your own classrooms?
* Do you have an example that we did not address that might apply?
Resources & References
* Informational videos (above) ^
*General Information: http://nichcy.org/teaching-students-with-e-d
* For best practices and interventions: https://www.k12.wa.us/SpecialEd/Families/pubdocs/bestpractices.pdf
* Accomodations/Modifications for ED/BD: https://www.naset.org/emotionaldisturbance2.0.html#c9045
2. In groups of 5...
Read and discuss your scenario. Think about your scenario from 3 points of view (parent, teacher, and student). Discuss based on these 3 viewpoints.
1. Acting Out Interventions-
Discuss: What would you do to diffuse the situation? What 'best practices' did you see? What might you change about the way the situation was handled?
Emotional Disturbance/Behavior Disorders
by Ryan Gallagher, Allison Jeter, Liz Moore, Rose Raderstorf, Maria Rodriguez & Kaitlin Wegrzyn
Teachers may face:
- Frequent disruptions
- Non-compliance with rules or directions
- Emotional/behavioral outbursts
- Inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
- Inability to build or maintain interpersonal relationships with peers/teachers
- Inappropriate behaviors or feelings under normal circumstances
- General pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
- Tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems
Disorders within the ED/BD classification include (but are not limited to):
* Anxiety disorders
* Bipolar disorder (sometimes called Manic-Depression)
* Conduct disorders (Oppositional Defiant Disorder, ADHD, etc.)
* Eating disorders
* Obsessive-Compulsive disorder (OCD)
* Psychotic disorders
1. Biological factors- There are certain genetic links to some mental illnesses.
2. Family factors- The environment that children live in can affect their development. Children who live in environments where there is physical abuse, child neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional maltreatment are at greater risk for developing an emotional disorder.
3. School factors- Students who have an emotional disturbance or behavior problems are at risk for rejection in school, leading to greater underachievement.
4. Community factors- Exposure to crime and gang violence has been shown to promote behavior related to emotional disturbance and behavioral problems.
* All of these factors have been tested, but none have been proven to be direct causes of ED/BD.
*This definition broadly includes Behavior disorders