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Knowledge and Research

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Andres Sousa-Poza

on 8 September 2014

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Transcript of Knowledge and Research

The Activity of Research
Need to understand what knowledge is
Definitions of Knowledge

Differentiation of "Scholarly" Knowledge definitions and other definitions of knowledge
Theory of Knowledge
- Plato
Criticisms of JTB
Research & Scholarly Research
Beyond Beliefs
Ontology, Epistemology, Methodology, and other Ologies
Knowledge and Research
Need to understand if knowledge acquired from research has "further" conditions place on it
Need to understand how knowledge is acquired
How does "common" vernacular use of "knowledge" differ from its scholarly use?
Ideas on Justified True Belief
Gettier Criticism of JTB
How do our dispositions affect how we "accept" what knowledge is?
Knowledge is the relationship between subject and object
Knowledge is processed information or data.
Knowledge is more than information or data
Knowledge is actionable
[Efficient] Cause
Data is raw materials
Information is structured data
Knowledge is information that is given meaning
Distinction: Data, Information, and Knowledge
If it is interpreted differently, then it is not knowledge
For meaning there must be a statement and a context
Knowledge is repeatable...
If it is the first time that something that has been described, is it
On good authority, the word cook is commonly used in physics without negative connotation.
Is this "model" of knowledge related to an "institutional" context.
In physics you need to understand the theory, the postulate before being "allowed to [cook] [collect] the data".
In a situation where the last person is the only person that has an insight or knowledge of the situation, can there be "scholarly" knowledge.
Knowledge should be justifiable
We may believe, but without justification it is not knowledge...
Knowledge is tied to the interpretation governed by belief commitments, perspective, intention, whereas information represents data in a meaningful manner not subject to [my] interpretation.
Balance sheet presents patterns or representation of data.
The managers read of the balance sheet results in knowledge.
Data is for everyone (radar scope)
Information belongs to the person that is interested in it (how many civilian aircraft are in the Virginia Airspace)
Interpreting this information (there is a 10% decrease on Sunday night)
Knowledge need not be the same for everyone
(Mind dependent)
Knowledge must be the same for everyone
(Mind independent)
Explicit Knowledge
Tacit Knowledge
Nonaka and Taguchi
- basis from which knowledge is derived
- for something to be knowledge if must be true
Being right is not enough - we must protect against sheer luck
True belief that the drain will

Living in the USA I would be correct in my true belief that my drain, drains in a clockwise fashion. I could thorugh observation justify this true belief.
KNOWLEDGE: Water drains clockwise. ___________(1)
We cross the equator where the drains, drain in a counter-clockwise direction.
Is (1) still knowledge....

Justification must remove the variability, ambiguity.
Justification must incorporate notions of context
Is the knowledge related to this problem an understanding of the Coriolis effect
Some may consider knowledge to be the consequence of an interpretation - whereas some would view that any interpretation that may introduce a personal element (bias) is not knowledge. (Mind dependent vs. mind independent)
Knowledge that has no ties to observation.... vs knowledge that must be observed.
What establishes truth
For something to be research it should originate from a problem... There should be a need...
What criteria must be met for "RESEARCH"
Systematic approach or study....
It must follow a methodology
Is there a difference between discovery and research...?
Is discovery an element of research?
Research in a common use sense:
Research in an academic environment:
Remove the element of luck/ chance
Demo to initiate and focus dialogue
Full transcript