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The Time Machine
Transcript of The Time Machine
Who was H.G. Wells?
Herbert George Wells, born in England on September 21, 1866
Poor health as a child
Originally a draper's apprentice, quit to become teacher
Began writing in college; published early version of first novel, The Time Machine
The Time Traveller:
Protagonist, scientist, inventor
Gives reader look at outside world and juxtaposes the Time Traveller
The Dinner Guests:
Shows the opposition toward the Time Traveller
Represents home for the Time Traveller
“The Characteristics of Science Fiction.”
Eduplace.com. Education Place, n.d. Web. 25 July
“Definition of Science Fiction.” Readwritethink.org.
Read Write Think, 2005. Web. 25 July
“H.G. Wells Biography.” Bio.com. A&E Networks
Television, n.d. Web. 29 July 2013.
“The Time Machine.” Shmoop.com. Shmoop, 11 Nov.
2008. Web. 29 July 2013.
Wells, H.G. The Time Machine. New York: New
American Library, 1895. Print.
English 12 AP
Date of Publication: 1895
Genre: Science Fiction
What was happening in 1895?
Darwinian ideas being accepted
What is science fiction?
Fate of humanity
Follows the laws of science
Predicted the atomic bomb in 1914
Women's rights activist, socialist
1891: Married cousin Isabel Mary Wells
1895: Married Amy Catherine "Jane" Robbins
Children: George Philip and Frank (Jane), Anna-Jane (Amber Reeves), Anthony (Rebecca West)
Wells continued to be a writer, historian, politician, and social idealist until his death on August 13, 1946.
Only Eloi that shows emotion, friend of Time Traveller
Upper world people of the future; small and dainty
Under word people of the future; ferocious
The Time Traveller's home
The Time Traveller travels here in his Time Machine and meets the Eloi and Morlocks.
The End of the World
The Time Traveller unintentionally sees the world end after traveling hundreds of thousands of years into the future.
The novel begins with the Time Traveller in Victorian London explaining the concept of time travel to his friends. His friends don't believe him, so he shows them a model, which he supposedly makes disappear in time. Still, his friends don't believe him. The dinner party ends and the Time Traveller spends the next week perfecting his machine. Once he finishes his machine, he begins to travel into the future. When he finally returns, it is the next week and time for his next dinner party where he recounts his amazing story.
The Time Traveller ceases his sickening travels in the year 802,701. Here he meets the Eloi and the Morlocks and learn of their dynamic relationship. Complications arise and the Time Traveller is forced to explore the world he has landed in, which leads to realizations about his own time period as well as realizations concerning the future of humanity. Most of the story takes place in this future setting, which allows for Wells to make a variety of commentary about human nature.
End of the World
After leaving the future, the Time Traveller flies further into the future where he first lands on a beach with and then, after moving forward in time once more, lands on a dark landscape and watches the world end. Although very little of the novel takes place here, these scenes are used by Wells to warn his audience about what will become of human nature and the world we live in.
The Time Traveller heads back to his own time where he ends his narrative. However, no one other than the narrator believes his story. To prove them wrong, the Time Traveller begins planning his next journey, this time with a camera to provide proof. The next day, the narrator goes back to the Time Traveller's home, who asks the narrator to wait for him while he goes to get proof.
Opening & Closing Scenes
How do they relate?
The story begins with the Time Traveller attempting to prove he is right, and ends with the Time Traveller trying to prove he is right. Even after all he has been through, it is still overly important to him to prove he is right because he genuinely believes he is right and that what he has accomplished is beneficial to the human race. This is a comment on human nature: Humans are always so busy moving forward, searching for solutions and answers, that we never stop to observe how what we are doing is effecting our world. The Time Traveller is so focused on proving he is right and that he can save the world that he never notices the detrimental effects it is having on himself and his world.
The first time fire is mentioned, the Time Machine is introduced; every time fire is spoken of, so is technology.
Used in both positive and negative ways in the novel, as is technology in reality.
Plenty of hopeless things happen in the novel, but every time something hopeless happens, something hopeful occurs right after, always accompanied by flowers.
Everything bad that happens in this novel happens in the dark.
Contrasts with the hope of the flowers.
Morlocks live in the dark
Eloi are afraid of the dark
Although humanity can try to control time, and may succeed, humans can never truly control the effects of time; time will always do as it wishes and is bigger than any human could ever imagine.
Although specific pieces of technology can seemingly make life infinitely better for humans, it is the effects of technology, whether they be positive or negative, that really matter, not the technology itself.
Class divisions are a significant part of life, and probably always will be, but if the divisions become too wide the people will become too fragmented and eventually the roles will switch or the classes will destroy each other.
Humanity vs. Humanity
Humanity is constantly fighting itself, trying to overcome one another.
The conflict is left unresolved as humanity has always and will always be its own worst enemy.
Does the novel contribute to society?
Wells does an excellent job in this novel of warning the human race of what will become of us if we do not change our ways. If the class divisions are not eliminated, humanity will eventually destroy itself. If technology is not controlled, it will aid in the destruction of humanity. Wells gave us valid warnings, and although they are not followed, the novel is useful to society nonetheless.