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Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy
Transcript of Valentine by Carol Ann Duffy
Carol Ann Duffy was born in Glasgow, England (December 23, 1955)
She was passionate about reading and wanted to be a writer at a very young age.
She started to produce poems from the age of 11
She is the Scottish-born lesbian, Duffy’s poetry has a strong feminist sense. Career
She received a degree in philosophy from Liverpool University in 1977.
1988-1989, she worked as poetry critic for The Guardian
In 1996, she was appointed as a lecturer in poetry at Manchester Metropolitan University and become creative director later on Awards
1982 C. Day Lewis Fellowship
1992 Cholmondeley Award
1995 Lannan Literary Award (Poetry)
2012 PEN/Pinter Prize Poetry style
Love Not a red rose or a satin heart.
I give you an onion.
It is a moon wrapped in brown paper.
It promises light
like the careful undressing of love.
It will blind you with tears
like a lover.
It will make your reflection
a wobbling photo of grief.
I am trying to be truthful.
Not a cute card or a kissogram.
I give you an onion.
Its fierce kiss will stay on your lips,
possessive and faithful
as we are,
for as long as we are.
Its platinum loops shrink to a wedding-ring,
if you like.
Its scent will cling to your fingers,
cling to your knife. Title:
The title is “Valentine”.
It means love.
It also signifies happiness.
Valentine also conveys sweetness Paraphrase:
The first stanza: The onion symbolizes the compassionate love between two people. “It promises light like the careful undressing of love” . The author uses the onion to represent couples' love to each other instead of the ring. The second stanza means that the effect of the onion can make you cry for joy endlessly, “It will make your reflection a wobbling photo of grief.” The onion is also a symbol that recalls the past and reflects the love that two people shared with each other. The third stanza: An onion’s smell is contagious and hard to purify. When the lover kisses each other, the smell of “onion” will stay on their lips for a long time (the writer wants to emphasis how serious and strong that lover’s relationship actually is). Connotation: The onion is being compared to the moon. The moon symbolizes love and goddess. In this case, the poem is talking about valentine; the moon here is symbol of love and metaphor of the onion.
The onion has many layers of protection to keep the core pure and unharmed. The core of the onion is love. “Carefully undressing of love” Base on the poem, Carol Ann Duffy means that in addition to truly love someone, one need to understand their partner. The layers skins of the onion are the challenges. The lovers need to peel it to become comfortable and trust each others. Eventually, they will get to the core – TRUE LOVE. “It will blind you with tears, like a lover.” Love is a joyful experience but also bring sadness. When the partners peel the onion, at one point, one of them has to cry. Love is not a straight road and easy, it will have some obstacles and lovers need to get through it to get to the next point. When you peel the onion, you discover others personalities and challenges that will make one bust to tear. That is why the author tried to tell the lovers that being honest and live faithfully for the love that others have given to them. “Trying to be truthful.” “I give you an onion.” it means I give you my love. My kiss will always present on your lips forever because the onion’s smell and taste is unremoveable. And my love for you is distinct and unconditional. “Its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife.” If the partner decides to leave the relationship for whatever reasons and they have moved on to someone new, the smell of the onion ring on their fingers will be with them for eternity. The knife here symbolize the end of relationship because it being used to cut the onion to create the ring (before) Attitude:
The poet’s attitude toward the subject: She talks about how important and serious the relationship is for lovers and what are some good characteristics to maintain healthy relationship. The tones in the poem are strong, honest and bitter The mood: austere (severe) and grave (committed) because if one’s heart is broken, other person would not enjoy life because the onion’s will always remind them about the love that they used to have. Shift:
Time: in the past/ on the valentine time
Key words: Valentine/ onion/ moon/ love/ tear/ kissogram/ possessive/ faithful/ wedding-ring -> Love language
Stanza: Blank verse because unrhymed iambic pentameter
Ionic: Valentine -> rose, satin heart, cute card, kissogram but the author talked about onion Literary devices:
Symbolism: onion symbolizes love
: Moon is a symbol of goddess
Metaphor: I give you an onion – it is a moon wrapped in brown paper
Smile: It promises light – like the careful undressing of love
It will blind you with tears like a lover
Repetition: I give you an onion
Foreshadowing: its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife. Title:
Valentine is a time for lovers to express their feeling towards their love one but also mean sadness to others. Not everyone is being love. Even some manage to have love but the love is ingenuine and many hearts are broken on valentine. Theme:
The theme of the poem is about love
Thematic statement: Genuine love comes with a price. Truthfulness Question about the author...
What is the full name of the author? When and where she was born? What is her poetry style? In what year this poem was 1st published? What is the tittle "Valentine"
mean? Summarize what is the first stanza
mean? Paraphrase the second stanza paraphrase the third stanza In the end, the speaker starts with “Its scent will cling to your fingers, cling to your knife.” It means if one of the partners chooses to destroy the vow that he or she promised, and left the his or her lover heartbroken. The "smell" (scar) of the onion will stay in the lover's heart forever. Summarize the last stanza Conclusion: the author wants to tell us that love is sweet but also bitter as the same time. It is very demanding physical and emotionally. Loyalty and committed are the source of healthy relationship, if you do not want your heart broken or feel guilty because you betray your partner, then do not do it and respect the love that your lover give it to you truthfully.