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Textbooks vs. Tablets

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Michelle Liang

on 21 April 2015

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Transcript of Textbooks vs. Tablets

March 31st, 2015: Wake County Public School began a paperless flyer distribution
partnered with Peachjar, a San Diego based technology company
WCPS expects to eliminate the need to print roughly 24 million flyers per year, nearly 3,000 trees
the school district no longer incurs the administrative burden and costs associated with paper flyer distribution
WCPSS implemented Peachjar’s system for free, since local enrichment and community organizations across the nation pay a small service fee to distribute their school-approved eflyers
Paperless Schools
Fun Facts
a 4GB tablet filled with 3,500 e-books weighs a billionth of a billionth of a gram more than if it were empty of data while the same number of physical books would weigh about two tons
in San Francisco, New York, and Los Angeles, robberies related to internet-enabled handheld devices (including tablets) have accounted for 50, 40, and 25 percent respectively of all robberies in 2012
manufacturing one tablet requires the extraction of 33 pounds of minerals, 79 gallons of water, and 100 kilowatt hours of fossil fuels, resulting in 66 pounds of carbon dioxide
students who used an interactive, digital version of an Algebra 1 textbook for Apple's iPad in California's Riverside Unified School District in 2012 scored 20 percent higher on standardized tests vs. students who learned with print textbooks
during the 2011-12 school year more than 13,700 US children, aged 5 to 18, were treated in hospitals and doctors' offices for backpack-related injuries (5,000 in emergency rooms) such as contusions, sprains, fractures, and strains to the back and shoulders
Pro Tablet
Technology-based instruction can reduce the time students take to reach a learning objective by 30-80%, according to the US Department of Education and studies by the National Training and Simulation Association
81% of K-12 teachers believe that "tablets enrich classroom education"
Tablets can hold hundreds of textbooks on one device, plus homework, quizzes, and other files, eliminating the need for physical storage of books and classroom materials
E-textbooks on tablets cost on average 50-60% less than print textbooks => E-textbooks can save schools between $250-$1,000 per student per year
Tablet prices also continue to drop, making them increasingly affordable => tablets cost on average $489 in 2011, $386 in 2012, and around $150-$200 today
Tablets help to improve student achievement on standardized tests
Tablets contain many technological features that cannot be found in print textbooks
ability to highlight and edit text and write notes without ruining a textbook for the next user
search function, a backlighting option to read in low light, and a built-in dictionary
interactive diagrams and videos increase student creativity, motivation, attentiveness, and engagement with classroom materials
Print textbooks are heavy and cause injuries, while a tablet only weighs 1-2 pounds
Tablets help students better prepare for a world immersed in technology => the fastest growing and highest paying jobs in the United States are technology intensive
Employment in "computer and information systems" is expected to grow by 18% between 2010-20, according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics
On a tablet, e-textbooks can be updated instantly to get new editions or information
Tablets lower the amount of paper teachers have to print for handouts and assignments, helping to save the environment and money
A school with 100 teachers uses on average 250,000 pieces of paper annually
A school of 1,000 students on average spends between $3,000-4,000 a month on paper, ink, and toner, not counting printer wear and tear or technical support costs
Tablets allow teachers to better customize student learning with educational apps
Files on one tablet can be downloaded onto any other tablet, increasing flexibility and convenience for teachers and students
The average tablet-owning US student reads 24 books per year on a tablet compared with 15 in print for those who do not own a tablet
Using a tablet is so intuitive that it makes learning fun and easy
Paperless Schools Video
Textbooks vs. Tablets
Handheld technological devices including tablets are associated with a range of health problems
Handhelds can cause Computer Vision Syndrome, which causes eyestrain, headaches, blurred vision, and dry eyes, according to the American Optometric Association
People who use mobile devices have a higher incidence of musculoskeletal disorders associated with repetitive strain on muscles, including carpal tunnel syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, and fibromyalgia
Implementing tablets in K-12 schools requires purchasing hardware (the tablet) and software (the etextbooks), building new wi-fi infrastructure, and training teachers and administrators how to use the technology
Lee Wilson, a prominent education marketing expert, estimated the annual cost per student per class with tablets to be $71.55 vs. $14.26 for print textbooks
Tablets have too many distractions for classroom use
People who read print text comprehend more, remember more, and learn more than those who read digital text
According to Pulitzer Prize winning technology writer Nicholas Carr, peer-reviewed studies show that reading hyper-linked text may increase the brain's "cognitive load," lowering the ability to process, store, and retain information, or "translate the new material into conceptual knowledge"
Many students do not have sufficient home internet bandwidth to use tablets
Manufacturing tablets is environmentally destructive and dangerous to human health
According to the New York Times, the "adverse health impacts from making one e-reader are estimated to be 70 times greater than those from making a single book"
Print books produce 100 times fewer greenhouse gases
A broken tablet requires an experienced technician to fix, which can be costly and time-consuming
Print textbooks cannot crash, freeze, or get hacked
The average battery life of a tablet is 7.26 hours, shorter than the length of a school day => tablets constantly need charging, increasing electricity demands on schools and the need for new electrical outlets
Tablets are more susceptible to theft than print textbooks
Stolen and lost internet-enabled handheld devices have cost Americans more than $30 billion in 2012
Students can easily avoid reading and analyzing texts on their own when using tablets because they can quickly look up passages in an e-textbook and search for answers on the internet
The higher cost of tablets marginalizes poorer school districts and increases the "digital divide"
Tablets increase the number of excuses available for students not doing their schoolwork
Tablets shift the focus of learning from the teacher to the technology
Many textbooks are not available in digital format or on the specific tablet used by a school
Tablets may be too difficult for less-technologically-savvy students to operate
Tablets are unnecessary because print textbooks that are not brand new still convey relevant information to K-12 students
Pro Textbook
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