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Year 8 - The Stuarts 1603-1704

Key Stage 3 History schme of work, which focuses on the question: "What were the causes of the English Civil War?"

Michael Brodie

on 5 June 2015

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Transcript of Year 8 - The Stuarts 1603-1704

The Stuarts 1603-1704
What type of king was James I?
Was Guy Fawkes Guilty?
Learning Objectives
Know - Key features of James I.

Understand - How reliable the evidence on James I is.

Skills - Evidence
Success Criteria
1)What's odd about these flags?

2) Why are they different?

2) In which country do you think each one was used?
Evaluates evidence and considers whether James I's character would lead him to have any enemies.

Explains features of James I rule.

Describes key features of James I.

TASK - James I Fact File
Step 1: Draw a picture of James I in the centre of your page using the description of his appearance in Source A. Label the picture.

Step 2: Create a fact file around your drawing using these categories: personality, beliefs and policies. Use the sources sheet for information to complete your fact file.
In 1603, Elizabeth I died without any heir.

James VI of Scotland was invited to become King of England. So he became James I.

He was invited because he was the son of Mary Queen of Scots (a cousin of Elizabeth I) and because he was a protestant.

1) Is there anything in the sources which suggests James I may potentially make enemies.

2)How reliable are sources A,B and C for telling us about James I?

3) How useful are they for a historian trying to find out about James I?
Learning Objectives
Know - What the Gunpowder plot was.

Understand - Whether Guy Fawkes was guilty or not.

Skills - Evidence
Success Criteria
Did the same person write these signatures?
Makes a judgement supported by evidence on whether Guy Fawkes was guilty or not.

Explains the reasons behind the gunpowder plot.

Describes the Gunpowder Plot.
TASK: Using the sources you need to come to a decision whether Guy Fawkes was guilty or not.
When analysing sources we need to think about its reliability (how accurate and valid a source is). To do this we need to do two things:

1) Compare the source to our own knowledge.
2) Look at the provenance - this means examining the situation in which the source was written, who wrote it and whether it is one-sided. You need to ask yourself - What are the limitations?
How to know when a source is reliable
Step 1: Analyse the sources and complete the table (draw the table in your books.

Step 2: Answer the question: Was Guy Fawkes Guilty? Use evidence from the sources to support your answer. Consider both sides of the argument.
Was Guy Fawkes Guilty?
Turn to page 36 and will read together.
Steps to success
1) Consider both sides of the argument.
2) Make a judgement and explain it fully.
3) Use evidence to support your answer.
Learning Objectives
Success Criteria
Why was there a struggle for power between Crown and Parliament?
Know - The differences between Crown and Parliament in the Seventeenth Century

Understand - The reasons why the Parliament and the Crown quarrelled.

Skills - Causation
Makes a judgment supported by evidence on the how important different causes are.

Categorises the reasons for the conflict between Crown and Parliament.

Explains the conflict between Crown and Parliament.
How would you feel and what would after all of these things had happened:
*You had to pay really high taxes to pay for wars that Britain kept losing.

*You were forced to pay even higher taxes to pay for rebuilding the military after the defeats.

*The Queen decided to take personal control of the country, banned parliament, and would not let anyone else have any say in decisions.

*The Queen raised an army to attack Scotland because its people wanted to have more independence.

*The Queen tried to arrest the Prime Minister and other members of parliament.
Who was more responsible for the bad relations?
Step 4 - As a group you need to think of overall categories that the cards could fit into.
What were the different sides in the Civil War fighting for?
Step 1 - You each have a card look at it and try to think of a broad cause category it could fit into. E.g. money.
Causes of the Civil War Discovery
Step 2 - Organise yourselves into a timeline in the correct chronological order.
Step 3 - Categorise yourself into long and short term causes. Also, identify the one person with the card which is the trigger cause.
Steps to Success
You will be working in groups of 15/16.

The group which finishes first (and it is correct) is the winner of each round.

The overall winner is the group who wins the most rounds.

You MUST work sensibly, effectively and quickly to be successful.
In 1642, a Civil War broke out in England. It split families and friends apart on different sides.

On one side were the forces of King Charles I.

On the the other side was army of the English Parliament led by Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
What was the chronology of the Civil War?
Learning Objectives


Success Criteria
What was the experience of Bristol during the Civil War?
Why was Charles I executed?
Using the knowledge you have picked up in the lesson.

You need to write a paragraph explaining the role that
card played in causing the Civil War.

Success Criteria
*Say whether it is a long or a short term cause.
*Say what category it fits into. E.g. money, religion or power.
* Make a judgement on how important your cause is and explain how you reached your decision.
How important was religion in causing the Civil War?
Learning Objectives
Know - The different religious causes of the Civil War.

Understand - The importance of religion in causing the Civil War.

Skills - Causation.
Success Criteria
TASK 2: How important was religion in causing the English Civil War?
Describes religious causes of the Civil War.
Explains religious causes of the Civil War.
Assesses the overall importance of religion as a cause of the Civil War.
Success Criteria
Describes religious causes of the Civil War.
Explains how the religious factors helped to cause the Civil War.
Assesses the overall importance of religion as a cause of the Civil War.
Steps to Success
Step 1
Describe the different religious causes.
E.g One of the religious causes of the war is Charles' religious beliefs. Charles believed that.......

Step 2
Explain how each religious factor helped to cause the war.
E.g. Charles' religious beliefs helped to cause the war because........

Step 3
Evaluate the overall importance of religion. You must justify your answer.
E.g. Overall the religion
What is the message of this painting?
Who can talk about religion and the Civil War for 30 seconds?
Task 1: Evidence Harvest
Information is placed around the room. You will have 15 minutes to collect the evidence and fill out your sheet. You need to work hard because you will need the evidence for the next task.
Who is this?
What is going on here?
How important was the struggle for power in causing the Civil War?
Dr Brodie's Expectations - The 3 Rs
1) Be Ready - Come to class prepared to work. This means having all the equipment needed for the lesson and having an open and inquisitive mind.

2) Be Responsible - Participate, pay attention, make your best effort and ask for help when you need it.

3) Be Respectful - Listen when others are talking, put your hand up to answer questions and encourage others' learning.
Do we agree these are fair?
What role did money play in causing the Civil War?
Learning Objectives
Know - How Charles I tried to raise money.

Understand - The consequences of Charles I's search for money.

Skills - Cause and consequence
Success Criteria
Describes the key events to do with money which helped to cause the Civil War.
Assesses how important the role of money was in causing the Civil War.
Why do you think this picture was made?
Why might a struggle over money turn into a struggle for power?
Think, Pair, Share.
TASK: Use the Information Sheet to answer the following questions in full sentences:
1) Why did James I fall out with Parliament and what did he do?

2) Explain two ways that Charles I tried to raise money.

3) Why was Ship Money so unpopular?

4) In which part of England was Ship Money most heavily imposed?

5) What were the consequences of the Ship Money Tax?
TASK 2: Civil War Hot Seat
Three volunteers to play the roles of:

1) King Charles I
2) A Member of Parliament.
3) John Hampden
Everyone else must write down a question you would like to ask them.
Explains the role that money played in causing the Civil War.
Money more important than religion in causing the Civil War.
Learning Objectives
Know - The chronology of the power struggle between Parliament and the King.

Understand - The importance of the battle for power in causing the English Civil War.

Skills - Chronology and Causation.
Success Criteria
TASK: How important was the struggle for power in causing the English Civil War?
Describes the chronology of the struggle for power between the King and Parliament.
Judges who was winning the struggle for power at the beginning of the Civil War.
TASK: Plotting Power
Steps to success:

1) On your graph paper draw a Y axis which goes from 10 to 10 and label it ;'The power struggle between the King and Parliament over time.'

2) Read the cards as a pair and decide where they would go on your graph.

3) Label your graph with the events.

4) Identify the 'tipping point', where the struggle for power could only be solved by war.

5) Which side was winning the power struggle at the outbreak of the Civil War? Explain your answer.
Steps to success

1) Explain who the struggle for power involved and what it was over.

2) Make a judgement on the most important event of the struggle for power and explain why.

3) Using your knowledge from our lessons on religion and money, compare the struggle for power to these factors to explain how important it was overall.
Evaluates the importance of the struggle for power by comparing to other factors.

Explains the most important part of the struggle for power.

Describes features of the struggle for power.
Success Criteria
As a class can we work out the message of this drawing?
What is
his body made of?
Who does he look a bit like?
Why is the man overlooking the land?
What type of person is he?
Evaluates the overall importance of the struggle for power in causing the English Civil War.
If this is the answer, what is the question?
Personal Rule.
Five Members.
Star Chamber.
Full transcript