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Transcript of Geography Presentation
Greek immigration to Canada began as early as the 19th Century.
In 1843, Greeks from the islands, Peloponnesus, and poor villages settled in Montreal.
In 1871, it was discovered that about 39 people of Greek origin inhabited Canada.
The immigration of the Greeks increased dramatically in the early 20th Century because of the poverty, wars, and political upheaval.
Between the years 1900 and 1911, there were more than 2000 people who had immigrated to Canada.
Economic conditions of the time influenced the emigration of some of the Greeks.
The 1st Greek-Canadian was Ioánnis Phokás
Translates to "Juan de Fuca" in Spanish
Immigrated to Canada in 1592
Explored the Strait of Anian, now known as the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Juan de Fuca plate named after him
The country of ancient history, birthplace of democracy, origin of the Olympic Games, and famous Greek philosophers.
Officially created in December 22nd, 1978
9 horizontal blue and white stripes
The white cross symbolizes the Greek Orthodoxy
Shield #1 (1833 – 1862)
Shield #2 (1863 – 1924)
Shield #3 (1863 – 1974)
Shield #4 (1924 – 1935)
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Greece (1836 – 1973)
Associated with homeland
greek orthodox churches
First Greek Orthodox Churches were built in Montreal (1906) and Toronto (1909)
Helped to preserve Greek identity
Since 1993, a total of 58 Greek Orthodox Churches have been established all throughout Canada
Total of 215, 165 people announced that Greek Orthodox was their religion
Resided in the older parts of these cities
Uneducated and unskilled in speaking either of the Canadian languages
Jobs that the immigrants managed to acquire included:
✿ manual labourers
✿ factory workers
Worked long hours
Some immigrants decided to make up their own small businesses (entrepreneurs)
and Part 5
holidays to celebrate
Greek Canadian Weekly
Greek Canadian Press
Hellenic Canadian Cultural Review
Greek-Canadian radio stations
Among their top priorities to make newcomers feel welcome
Promote the understanding of Greek culture
Schools that carried the Greek language:
started being built in the 1960's
vastly spread across the country
123, 575 Canadians have reported to having the Greek language as their mother tongue.
Customs and traditions have incorporated Greek national holidays
Holidays like Greek Independence Day (May 25th), and celebrations such as annual dances, picnics, and religious festivities
the term did not only mean "music" but covered the wide range of dance, lyrics, and the performance of poetry
Used to celebrate many special occasions
Greek gods had a huge influence on Greek music
Hermes the lyre
The oldest greek musical instrument is the
Greek musical instruments commonly included wind, percussion, and string
Hymn to Liberty
Hymn to Freedom
Written by Dionýsios Solomós in 1823
Consists of 158 stanzas
The national anthem to both Greece and Cyprus
The longest national anthem in the world
In 1865, the first three stanzas officially became Greece’s national anthem
Lyrics were inspired by the Greek War of Independence as the poet, Solomos, wrote the hymn to honour the Greeks who struggled for independence after the centuries of the Ottoman rule
• Clothing mainly consisted of the chiton, peplos, himation, and chlamys
•There is evidence of what they looked like from current accounts and artistic depictions
• Clothes were homemade
• Served many purposes (such as bedding)
• Elaborate design and bright colours were favoured and used
• Consisted of lengths of linen or wool fabric, which was generally rectangular
• Secured with ornamental clasps or pins and a belt, sash, or a girdle might secure their waist
• Men’s robes went down to their knees, while women’s robes went down to their ankles
Modern Day Music
As of right now, the #1 hit song in Greece is
Giati me Tirannas
by Dimitris Kokotas.
Has had a great influence on culture all over the world, particularly in sculpture and architecture
Pottery was a big aspect to Grecian art
Made pottery for everyday use, not for display
Consist of drinking vessels such as amphorae, kraters (bowls for mixing wine and water), hydria (water jars), libation bowls, jugs, cups, and painted funeral urns
Greece has an area of 50, 949 square miles, which is roughly the size of Alabama. However, Alabama has a population of approximately 4.8 million citizens, while Greece has a total of about 11 million inhabitants.
Thousands of English words come from the Greek language. Common English words from Greece include “academy,” “apology,” “marathon,” “siren,” “alphabet,” and “typhoon”.
THE REASON WHY THEIR CULTURE IS IMPORTANT TO THEM
THE POSSIBLE FUTURE OF GREEK CANADIANS
The immigrants of the mid-1990s see a rough future to come for Hellenism in Canada
Over time, new social trends have been either increasing or decreasing:
Decrease of Greek immigrants to Canada
Decline in the ethnic group members
Increase of marriages outside of the Greek group
Have all been factors that have led Greek Canadian scholars and the leaders of Greek organizations to perceive this as a threat to the survival of the Greek culture in Canada
the final curtain
Moreover, since we are participants in the Canadian Mosaic, the present and future generations of the Greek Canadians will continue to make impactful contributions to the economic and cultural growth of the Canadian society.
The Greek Canadians will thrive for a better tomorrow.
By: Narissa Horning & Alexis Hinkson
Sculptures were a major aspect of Greek art.
Three main types of sculptures: Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic
Archaic sculptures: inspired by the monumental stone sculptures of Egypt. The three main types of figures: the standing nude youth, the standing draped girl, and the seated woman
Classical period: there was a huge revolution in Greek statuary. The poses of the statues became much more lifelike and the technical skill of Greek sculptors greatly increased.
Hellenistic period: Greek art became more diverse and more influenced by cultures. Some art historians say that it had declined in quality and originality.
Statue of Zeus
Statue of Athena
Statue of Aphrodite
Lacoon and His Sons
Old Greek Legend:
When God created the world, he sifted all the soil onto the earth through a strainer. After every country had good soil, he tossed the stones left in the strainer over his shoulder and created Greece.
Many doors, windowsills, furniture, and church domes are painted a turquoise blue. This is because of an ancient belief that this shade of blue keeps evil away.
The city of Rhodes is famous for housing one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: the Colossus of Rhodes. This gigantic 98-foot statue of the god Helios, whose legs straddled the harbor, was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 B.C.
Greeks do not wave with an open hand. It is considered an insult to show the palm of he hand with the fingers extended. They wave with the palm closed.
Distribution of Greek population in Canada