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Copy of Elements of Short Stories

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Jennifer Hester

on 15 January 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Short Stories

"The Most Dangerous Game" is very suspenseful because it does not give you a specific ending. Rainsford finds out the General hunts humans for sport, and is forced to play his game. Rainsford then jumps off a cliff, causing the audience to believe he has died and the General has won once again. Unexpectedly, Rainsford is found in the Generals bedroom, and the story ends when he is sleeping peacefully in the Generals bed. The ending leaves the reader in suspense: what did Rainsford do to the General?
In this video clip from The Breakfast Club, the five students are in the halls running from their teacher. It is suspenseful because the audience does not know whether their teacher will catch them or not. At the end of the video, the students are stopped by a gate; what will happen to them?
"The Leap" is a story where the element of flashback is used frequently. The narrator's flashbacks range from before their birth to their childhood. The narrator uses flashback to enhance the story by recalling major events that explain why they are alive.
Elements of Short Stories
"The Lady, or the Tiger"
In the Bible, the story of Moses shows a great conflict. When Moses was tending to his flock, God spoke to him through a burning bush. He told Moses to go to Egypt and free His people the Israelites from the oppression of the Pharaoh. Moses was unsure; he was a quiet person and did not think the Israelites would believe him. He was conflicted on whether to have faith in God, or to disobey Him.
Conflict: Moses and the Burning Bush
"The Most Dangerous Game"
The Breakfast Club: Running Through the Halls
The Breakfast Club: Running Through the Halls
"The Leap"
Rascal Flatts: "Why"
In "The Lady, or the Tiger", the conflict occurs when the princess has to decide the fate of her lover. The outcomes of her decision are polar opposites: either her lover lives; but forever with another woman, or he dies; leaving the princess as his only true love. This conflict can only be resolved in the heart of the audience.
Conflict is an event that causes problems for the character or characters.
Suspense is when an event in the story leaves the audience wondering the fate of a character.
A flashback is a point in a story where the narrator recalls an event that took place in the past.
"The Interlopers"
Irony is the contrast between what the audience expects will happen to the character and what really happens.
There are many examples of irony in the story "The Interlopers". One example is at the beginning of the story when Ulrich von Gradwitz is out hunting. The audience expects him to be hunting animals, but he is really hunting a human. Many cases of irony occur between Ulrich and his enemy neighbor, Georg Znaeym throughout the story. The biggest illustration of irony is at the very end, when the two rivals become friends. They call out for help, only to be answered by a pack of wolves. This is ironic because the reader expects the "interloper", or trespasser, to be one of the men, when really both men are actually interlopers on the wolves land.
Glee: Finn Singing in the Shower
In the TV show "Glee", Mr. Schuester is looking for new people to join the glee club. Finn Hudson is the quarterback of the football team and very popular in school. The audience does not expect Finn to be able to sing, when really, Mr. Schuester hears him and finds out he is very good.
Glee: Finn Singing in the Shower
"The Scarlet Ibis"
Symbolism is when the author uses objects to represent ideas or other things.
In the story "The Scarlet Ibis", the main symbol is actually the bird the Scarlet Ibis. This bird had traveled a long way throughout many hardships to die in the narrators yard. The bird was never supposed to make it that far, but it did. The Scarlet Ibis is a symbol for Doodle, the young sick brother of the narrator. Doodle was supposed to die as a baby. Just like the Scarlet Ibis, he was never intended to make it as far as he did. To get so far in his life, he went through many hardships, just like the bird. And sadly, his fate was the same as the Scarlet Ibis's, because Doodle died even though he had more of his journey to finish.
Aesop's Fables: "The Tortoise and the Hare"
In Aesop's Fable, "The Tortoise and the Hare", there are good examples of symbolism. The Tortoise is a character who is not very quick, but never gives up. He symbolizes people who are not particularly talented, but always work hard and never quit. The Hare is a character who is cocky and lets everyone know how great he is. The Hare is a symbol for people who have talent; but choose to flaunt it and never really work hard. The actual fable is a symbol that teaches if you work hard, you'll always come in first.
Aesop's Fables: "The Tortoise and the Hare"
"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty"
Diction is the words used by the narrator that gives the audience a feel of who the character is.
"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" is a story that is full of diction. The words that are used by the narrator gives the audience an understanding of who Walter Mitty is and what he is thinking about. Diction in this story also helps draw the line between what is real, and what Mitty is imagining.
"The Fault In Our Stars": Augustus Waters
In the novel "The Fault In Our Stars", John Green depicts a story of two teenagers that have both battled (and are still battling) cancer. The reader learns much about Augustus's character by his word choices. Many times, Augustus uses challenging words, often incorrectly. This shows how he is very intelligent, but still young and learning. Augustus also talks very poetically, especially when he is talking to the girl he loves; Hazel. This form of diction is used to show the audience that he is a thoughtful, interesting person, and also that he loves Hazel deeply.
"The Fault In Our Stars": Augustus Waters
Rascal Flatts: "Why"
The song "Why" by the band Rascal Flatts is a great example of flashback. One verse says "In my mind I keep you frozen as a seventeen year old, rounding third to score the winning run." In this verse, the singer is remembering a time before this person committed suicide, when they were happy with their life. The singer is flashing back to when this person was at their prime; playing sports and enjoying being alive.
A Hare one day ridiculed the short feet and slow pace of the Tortoise, who replied, laughing: "Though you be swift as the wind, I will beat you in a race." The Hare, believing her assertion to be simply impossible, assented to the proposal; and they agreed that the Fox should choose the course and fix the goal.
On the day appointed for the race the two started together. The Tortoise never for a moment stopped, but went on with a slow but steady pace straight to the end of the course. The Hare, lying down by the wayside, fell fast asleep. At last waking up, and moving as fast as he could, he saw the Tortoise had reached the goal, and was comfortably dozing after her fatigue.
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