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"From failed artist to Fuhrer" - Adolf Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party
Transcript of "From failed artist to Fuhrer" - Adolf Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party
While behind bars.... Hitler, spent his time rethinking his strategy to rise to power.
"From now on", he said "we must follow a new line of
action....When I resume active work it will be necessary to pursue an new policy. Instead of working to achieve power by an armed coup, we shall have to hold our noses and enter the
Kurt Ludecke. I knew Hitler
1938 While in prison, Hitler wrote a book called "Mein Kampf", which outlined his life and his political ideologies. This may have been due to the fact that
food prices were rising, due to the Ruhr crisis,
as well as the presssure from his own men. Source
"The officers were dissastisfied because the march on Berlin
was being held up. They were saying 'Hitler is a fraud just
like the rest of them'...."
Wilhelm Bruckner, leader of the Munich SA, speaking as a
witness at Hitler's trial in 1924 Hitler was freed from prison in December 1924. In return for a promise not to break any laws, the authorities gave him permission to re-found the banned Nazi party. This he did in February 1925. Between 1929 and 1933, the Nazi Party grew
from being one of the smallest parties in Germany
to the largest, allowing Hitler to take power in 1933. One of the incidents was the Wall Street Crash,
in which the Great Depression followed. Without the Great Depression, it is unlikely that Hitler would have risen into power. This unexpected event which Hitler had no control over was one of the most important reasons why he became chancellor. 1929 On Tuesday 29th October 1929, the American Stock Market, Wall Street, crashed. As a result, 659 banks crashed in America in 1929, 1352 in 1930 and 2294 in 1931. America recalled loans from Germany that had been negotiated under the Dawes Plan (1924). Germany now had to pay back these loans and had to pay reparations. For these reasons, the worldwide economic depression that followed the crash affected Germany particularly badly. anyways...... Source
A German worker describes in 1985 why he joined the Nazis in the 1930s. 'I was unemployed for many years. I'd have made a pact with the devil to get work. Hitler came along and got me work, so I followed him' People supported Hitler because he promised them what they wanted and needed to hear. The Weimar Republic appeared to have no idea how to solve the problems of the Depression. The Nazis on the other hand promised to solve the problems. Hitler promised most groups in Germany what they wanted. Hitler used the Jews and other sections of society as scapegoats, blaming all the problems on them. To Germans at the time Hitler made sense, he united everyone by providing explanations for Germany's problems.
Support for Hitler grew as unemployment grew. In 1930 there were 3.5 million unemployed in Germany. This rose to 5 million in 1931 and 6 million in 1932. Hitler now said that the "Nazi's had to destroy Democracy from within". In 1928, the Nazis had 12 seats in the Reichstag. In 1930 this rose to 107 and in 1932 to almost 200. The Nazi party was now the biggest party In elections held in 1932, the Nazis received more votes than any other party, and Hitler demanded that President Hindenburg appoint him chancellor. Just before the election in 1933 the Reichstag building was set on fire. Hitler cleverly blamed the Communists, who were feared by many Germans.
Though Hindenburg at first refused to appoint Hitler, a small group of men around the president urged him to do so. They felt that Hitler could be controlled and his popularity and talents could be used to further the interests of the government. Source
I declare that on February 27, 1933 I and two SA men set fire to the Reichstag. We did so in the belief that we would be serving the Führer. I suggested to Goering that we use the underground passage leading from his house to the Reichstag. We decided to start the fire at about 9 pm, in time for quite a number of radio bulletins. We used van der Lubbe. He would climb into the Reichstag and blunder about while we set fire to the building.
The confession of Karl Ernst, a leader of the SA, published by communists in 1934 after Ernst had been killed in the Night of the Long Knives.
1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany Hitler asked President Hindenburg for extra powers to deal with the plot. Hindenbrg issued a "Law for the protection of the people and state". This emergency law suspended parts of the constitution. This allowed the Nazi's to smash the communist election campaign. Source
Article 114: Personal Freedom is available
Article 115: The home of every german is a sanctuary and is involiable
Article 123: All Germans have the right to assemble peacebly and unarmed.
Article 124: All Germans have the right to form societies or associations....
The Constituion Of The German Republic, 1923 After the election of March 1933, Hitler now had majority seats in the Reichstag. He wanted the Reichstag to pass an "Enabling Act". In short this would give Hitler the power for the next four years to make laws without having to approve it. To put it in another way, the Enabling Act would give Hitler the power of a Dictator. Source
Article 1: the Reich Cabinet is authorised to enact laws
Article 2: The laws enacted by the Reich cabinet may deviate from the constitution...........................................
Reichgesetzblatt (Reich Law Gazette), 1933 Now that Hitler could make his own laws, he reorganised the German political system so that everypart of it was under Nazi control. He called this "Bringing into line". Hitler basically put a Nazi at each head of state, and these people had the powwers to make state laws. This also inculded the trade unions. Lastly the parties were brought into line. one by one every office except the Nazi party were shut down. By July 1933 only one party was still in existence - the Nazi party. 1934 By 1934 Hitler had wiped out most of his opponents. His only rivals left were in the Nazi party itself.
THE STORMTROOPERS - SA Source
New infringements by the SA have been reported again and again during the past weeks. SA leaders and men have carried out police actions for which they had no authority........The infringements and excesses must now cease once and for all.
A letter from the Minister of the Interior, October 1933. On Hitler's orders, SA leaders were arrested on the night of 30 June 1934. They were take to prison and shot. Hitler had wiped out the only real threat to his power. In doing so he had gained the support of the army Generals. Hitler recieved over two thirds of the vote in the Reichstag. Hitler thus became a dictator, and Germany ceased to be a democracy. Hitler was now stronger than ever. On the 2nd of August 1934, only weeks after the night of the Long Knives, Hitler claimed himself as Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor of Germany. Obviously after President Hindenburgs death. And so that was the story of Hitler's rise to power, from a failed artist to Fuhrer and dictator of Germany. In such a small period of time Hitler and the Nazi Party rose to POWER. THE END Source
In Berlin alone thousands of Social Democratic and Communist officials were dragged from their beds at night and led away to SA barracks. They were worked over with boot and whip, beaten with steel rods and rubber truncheons until they collapsed unconscious and blood spurted under their skin.
From a pamphlet written and distributed by a group of banned communists in April 1933.