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Transcript of Renaissance Italy
Secular( worldly perspective)
Emphasis on Individual
- First appeared in northern Italy through the struggle to gain independence from German Holy Roman Empire
-Lack of monarchical state or ruler led to city-states
- A link between Asia and Western Europe creating a hot spot for traders
- Venice was a republic with an elected leader but in reality a small-group of wealthy merchant-aristocrats controlled the city
- The empire of Venice was very profitable and it an international power
- Located in northern Italy
- Richest city in Italy
- Rule of the Visconti family ended in 1447
- Conquered by Franceso Sforza -->
- He led a band of mercenaries
- Both Visconti and Sforza created a efficient tax system and a large revenue for the governement
The Italian Wars
-Wars broke out between city-states and other European forces
- French king Charles VIII took over the Kingdom of Naples
- The Italians turned to the Spanish
- For 30 years, the French and the Spanish battled
- Fighting came to a halt in 1527
- War left Spanish a dominant force in Italy
- Located in the region of Tuscany
- In the 14th century a small group of wealthy merchants took control
- In 1434, the Medici family controlled Florence and of established a government
- Economic decline led to the take over of Girolame Savonarola
- However, 1498 the Medici family regained power
By: Taylor, Brittany, Lindsay, Haylee
During the Renassiance in Italy, one family figured they could social climb up from being poor farmers to Pope.
Marriage was not arranged according to love, but according to who was fit to go with whom. Money and property were the most important. Men could not marry down unless the woman was rich.
This was the most common form of greed at that time and is still seen today, but a bit differently.
Peasants and Townspeople
The Big 3
Leonardo Da Vinci
Gutenberg & The Printing Press
Leonardo Da Vinci
Born March 6, 1475 in Caprese
Raised in Florence
Showed no interest in school, but instead copied paintings and loved to be in the company of painters.
Attended Lorenzo de' Medici's school
Known for such works as the statue of David and his paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Born April 6, 1483
"Prince of Painters"
Leading figure of Italian High Renaissance Classicism
Best known for his "Madonnas"
Taughtbasic painting techniques by his father who was also a painter.
Studied in Florence
Has large compositions at the Vatican
Some works include Deposition of Christ and Sistine Madonna.
"The Renaissance Man"
Born April 15, 1452 in Vinci Italy
Writer, Mathematician, Inventor, Artist.
Lorenzo dé Medici
Seen in Italy and Germany particularly, people will get "close" to the old lady down the road who has no family around in hopes that she will change her will to give that family all her money.
Social Greed- basically-what can I do for me?
Encouraged learning and knowledge gain
Spread Reformation ideas