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What is Human Trafficking
Transcript of What is Human Trafficking
35% of Cambodia's 15,000 prostitutes are children under the age of 16.
Common trafficking destinations within cambodia are Phnom Penh, Slem Reap, Sihanoukville
38% of women and girls working in sexually exploitative conditions had entered the industry because their virginity had been bought.
Why the Trafficking?
Poverty is the largest cause of human trafficking in Cambodia, although other causes include increased tourism, lack of employment, and lack of education.
Effects of Trafficking
It is said that the trade of humans will soon make more money than the illegal drug trade. It can bring the same long-term effects to countries that illegal immigrants bring; terrorism, poverty and other economic problems, poor standard of living, unemployment, expanding population, wastage of resources, and more!
What is Human Trafficking
Human trafficking is defined as a modern day slavery. It involves the trade and exploitation of humans. Mostly used for the purposes of sexual slavery, forced labor, or organ and tissue harvesting.
Cambodia is a source, transit, and destination country for human trafficking.
Some parents sell their own children into human trafficking, while others are lured by the promise of a job or a better life.
Similar to the US, pimps imprison children and put them to work in brothels as sex slaves. That way, they won't get caught for having underage prostitutes. Many pimps try to capture virgins because they will bring higher amounts of money.
In 2005, only 73 suspected traffickers were arrested in Cambodia.
What is Being Done Today?
In 1997, a law was passed to curb trafficking women with fines of up to $12,000 and prison sentences of up to 20 years.
In 2008, the government passed the law on suppression of human trafficking and sexual exploitation which criminalizes all forms of trafficking.
In Cambodia, December 12th is National Anti-Human Trafficking day
Effects on the People Involved
Children and young adults who were involved in the slave trade will have self-esteem problems, depression, and disorientation if they were ever able to rejoin society. This doesn't include the various health issues that could obviously come along with being involved in prostitution.
Who is to Blame?
The government of Cambodia says that cultural barriers hampered their ability to combat the problem of human trafficking. In their culture, it is taboo to speak out against the traffickers, and it becomes difficult for them to identify the criminals or the victims
Although the US ranked them as a Tier 2 watch-list country, (which means that they are not making any significant increase in effort to end human trafficking), in 2012 real progress was made. 133 suspects related to human trafficking were arrested, and 458 victims were rescued. In 2013, 300 suspects have already been convicted.
Conflict Theory: Human trafficking is such a huge problem in Cambodia because of the huge gap between the wealthy people that live in the cities and the poor people that live in rural areas. The poor and uneducated are lured in by the dream of a better life and are tricked into modern slavery.
Overall Thoughts and Opinions
Human Trafficking is a terrible crime, and Cambodia is one of the most common trafficking countries. However, the country appears to be trying to fix their mistakes and end human trafficking. Hopefully they can continue to make strides towards ending these horrible crimes and become a trafficking free country.