Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Imperialism: The Opium Wars

No description

Xavier Mootoo

on 8 April 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Imperialism: The Opium Wars

The Opium Wars
Imperialism Summary Britain -The Opium Wars (War in China)
-Were the result of conflict between British
trading companies and law enforcement of China
-The First Opium War 1839-1842
-The Second Opium War 1856-1860
-A prominent example of Imperialism from Britain

Opium -Opium had been used in China since the 7th century but only for medical care
-In the 17th and 18th centuries there was a rise in the trade of opium
-Rose from 200 chests of opium imported annually in 1729 to 40,000 chests in 1838
-Between that time laws were set in attempt to ban or reduce the use of opium but it was not heavily enforced
-The main supplier of Opium was the British East India Company
-Britain had a large deficit in trade with China
-They wanted to buy silk, porcelain and tea from China
-But they did not have a variety to offer, China only wanted silver
-British sold large amounts of Opium from India to acquire silver
China -As trade increased with Britain more citizens became addicted to Opium
-The result in trading Britain was that more money was going out then coming in
-The Chinese economy started to cripple and the Emperor took action banning Opium and using the death penalty as punishment
-This is what sparked the conflict and war between Britain and China
The First Opium War -Took place from 1839-1842
-The enforcement from the Emperor seized and burned 20,000 chests of Opium (55kg)
-The relations between British and Chinese grew tense as there was little to no trade between each other
-The British government sent a warning the China demanding compensation for Opium
-China refused at first but were outmatched by the military and naval force of Britain Treaty of Nanking -First of the series of "unequal treaties"
-The treaty offered only compensation from China to Britain and nothing in return
-The conditions were:
-6 Million silver dollars for confiscated Opium
-3 Million for debts to Hong Kong merchants
-12 Million for the Cost of War
-And that Hong Kong would be given to Britain
-The costs were so enormous that five percent of the amount exceeded China's budget
-The British refused to retreat the military and their naval ships until all of the money was repaid
-This demonstrates the Imperialistic attitude of Britain
The Second Opium War -Between 1842-1856 relations seemed more or less calm between Britain and China even though China was not satisfied
-A crew of smugglers and pirates were arrest by the Chinese authorities
-The ship was under British control and said that it was protected under the Treaty of Nanking
-The crew members were arrested anyways as the Chinese insulted and laughed at the British flag
-The Captain of the ship told British authorities about what had happened and they were very offended by the insult to the flag
-The British authorities said it was in need of demonstrating their military strength since they were not being taken seriously
Treaty of Tentsin -This was the second treaty in the series of "unequal treaties"
The conditions of the treaty were:
-British, France, Russia and the U.S. would have the right to establish diplomatic trade in Peking
-Ten more Chinese ports would be open for trade
-Any foreign ship was allowed through the Yangtze river
-The right to travel to parts in China which were previously closed off
-And owed 8 million dollars each to Britain and France
Full transcript