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Carl Rogers

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Carl Rogers

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Carl Rogers

Carl Rogers
Final Conclusion
Carl Rogers was a dominant figure in the Humanistic field. His theories were different because they focus on the patient.
Self Centered Theory
perceiving the world according to individual experiences
Non-Directive Psychotherapy
Person/Client - Centered Psychotherapy
Carl Ransom Rogers was born in Oak Park, Illinois. When he was 12 his family moved to an isolated farm 30 km outside of Chicago.
He died in San Diego, California at the age of 85.
Life & Influences
This is how an individual views themselves as a person, and their interactions with the rest of the world
Rogers believed that the only way a person can become content or feel fulfilled is by improving and changing their concept of self positively
Rogers believed that we had the power to control our own destinies
was the fourth of six children
had a "strict" upbringing, it's said to have played a role in making him independent and self disciplined
he married Helen Elliot against his parents wishes
he first attended University of Wisconsin for an agricultural major
he switched to religion for the ministry at a liberal religious institution (Union Theological Seminary)
The Concept Of Self
He was selected as one of ten students to visit Beijing for a "World Student Christian Federation Conference"
He said the new experiences broadened his mind and instigated basic religious doubt.
According to Rogers, to satisfy the needs of total self there are 3 things a person strives for:
1. Self - Actualization
to realize who you truly and what you're capable of
fulfillment of one's talent and potentialities
a sense of drive and motivation
to realize what one is truly capable of
He switched out of religion to a clinical psychology program at the University of Columbia.
2. Self - Maintenance
Beginning Psychological Work
he worked for the Rochester Society for prevention of cruelty of Children
studied various psychological theories including Freud's intense belief in unconscious conflict.
to preserve/control your true identity
the ability to keep functioning or surviving without external help
all the help you need is within yourself
3. Self - Enhancement
motivation to keep striving for the best in oneself
helps people feel good about themselves so they can sustain self-esteem
He was aiming to encourage new personality growth in his clients by helping them accept their feelings, values and behaviour
Carl Rogers believed that most of our motivation sprouts from our personal search for self actualization. In other words we're all motivated to becoming the best we can be.
In Conclusion
Humanistic psychology focuses on our potential for growth and emphasizes our ability to control our lives, and not let them be dominated by the environment around us.
therapist must be patient and subtle yet consistent with how he treats his clients by giving them positive reinforcement about themselves
Roger's technique to help heal patients with mental disorders
Carl R. Rogers (2013) In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from

this helps the individual see themselves more clearly and helps provide comfort so they can interact more openly with the psychiatrist as well as other people they know
The counselor is is the facilitator which means they're present to promote the conditions for change while the client can decide the direction, termination and also the pace according to their level of comfort
View of Self
Empathy is the ability to situate oneself in the position of another and understand their thoughts, feeling, ideas and actions
The therapist really had to understand the clients way of thinking by putting themselves into their shoes and maybe suggest what they would to if they were in that situation.
He believed that we behaved the way we do based on how we perceive the situation
He discovered that people think of themselves differently than what others may think of them
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Person Centered Therapy - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
became one of the most popular theories of counseling and therapy since it developed in the 1940s
1908 - Born on January 8th
1946 - Rogers was elected president of the American Psychological Association
1951 - Published "Client Centered Therapy"
1961 - Published "On Becoming a Person"
1980 - He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize

1987 - Died February 4th
It states that we view ourselves in two ways
the way we perceive ourselves to be now
the way we'd like ourselves to be in the future
People with a negative outlook on their present selves are irritable and hold negative views of the world and people around them
In conclusion when our ideal self matches our present self we're happier, or when we fail to be our ideal self we're upset
Boeree C. G. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Kenneth, K. D., & Beins , B. C. (2012). Student handbook to psychology: History, perspectives, and applications. (Vol. 1, pp. 63-65, 68). New York, NY: Facts on Life, Inc. Retrieved from
1980 - Published "A Way of Being"
1942 - Wrote his first book, Counseling and Psychotherapy
Pearson , E. (1995-2010). Person centered theory. Retrieved from http://wps.prenhall.com/chet_capuzzi_counseling_3/0,4981,299857-,00.html
January 8, 1902 - February 4, 1987

Rogerian Argument
This outline for an argument was created by Carl Rogers and minimizes hostility and emotions from an argument. It emphasizes fact based arguments.
Step 1
Introduction to the problem and how it may affect the audience.
Step 2
Identify beliefs, arguments that are shared by you, the opposing argument and your audience.
Step 3
Objectively state your argument
Show evidence for your argument
1940 - offered full professorship at Ohio State
1945 - invited to set up a councelling center at University of Chicago
Student Centered Learning
Step 4
Step 5
Close by stating your thesis.
Student-Centered Learning focuses on the student's learning style, abilities and interests. In this style of learning techniques such as problem based learning, and self directed learning are used.
Overall this theory hopes to motivate students to actively participate in their own learning by giving them more responsibility and control over what they learn.
he was considered to be the most influential psychologist of the 20th century
Unlike other psychologists Rogers focused on the client finding growth and acceptance
His most outstanding theories were the Concept of Self and the way we perceive ourselves can differ from the way others perceive us to be
Student-centered learning, and the Rogerian Argument is used in schools today
Carl Rogers was an influential psychologist and his theories live on since they are still practiced today.
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