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JVK Vietnam Museum Wing

By Joshua Beal, Victoria Figueroa & Katherine Perez

Joshua Beal

on 12 April 2013

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Transcript of JVK Vietnam Museum Wing

Agent Orange Battles Political Leaders This is the F-105 Thunderchief. It was the main warplane of the U.S. throughout the Vietnam War. This is the UH-1 Iroqouis "Huey". It was the main attack helicopter used by the U.S. in Vietnam. It came in many variants. The Battle of Ap Bac was a major battle on January 3, 1963 during the Vietnam War. Vietcong units defeat South Vietnamese. This is the C-130 "Hercules". It was the main cargo aircraft in Vietnam used by the U.S. The Battle of Kienhoa Province, 400 guerillas attack village in Kienhoa Province, and are defeated by South Vietnamese troops. The T-54 pistol used by the
Vietnamese. It's a copy of a
Russian pistol. The Vietnamese
took any guns they were
provided or procured. The Colt M1911A1. The U.S. main pistol that has been used in combat since World War I. The Battle of Hue wages for 26 days as U.S and South Vietnamese forces tried to recapture the site seized by the Communists during the Tet Offensive.

Hue was nearly leveled in a battle that left nearly all of its population homeless.

Following the U.S. victory, mass graves containing the bodies of thousands of people who had been executed during the Communist occupation are discovered. This is the MiG-17. The Russians gave the North Vietnamese Army a quantity of these fighter jets & the Vietnamese started produced their own during the war. Ho Chi Minh Lyndon B. Johnson He supported the Domino Theory.
Kennedy made a pledge to "pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose of any foe, in order to assure the survival and success of liberty. Video Clip of Vietnam War Richard Nixon Men's Bathroom This is the MI-1. It was the main helicopter used by the North Vietnamese Army. The Russians lent them to the Vietnamese This is the M-14. It was issued to many American troops as a battle rifle until the 70's when it was used as a sniper. The name taken from North Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh is of American origin.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a network of roads built from North Vietnam to South Vietnam through the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia.

The Ho Chi Minh trail was used to provide logistical support to the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese Army during the war.

The trail was 16,000-kilometers long. This trail actually started to be constructed on Ho's Birthday which is May 9, 1959. This is the M16A1. It was used by U.S. troops later on in the Vietnam War and was notorious for being unreliable. Sidearms U.S./NVA U.S. Rifles This is the M3 "Grease Gun". It was given to soldiers all over Vietnam. It only costed about $20 to make. * The Domino Theory - theory that once one country fell to communism, neighboring countries will as well. Nixon was a Republican senator from California and the thirty-seventh president of the United States.

Nixon promised the American public that he would reduce U.S troop levels in Vietnam. He pursued a plan he called "Vietnamization," whereby the U.S would gradually withdraw from the war, leaving the South Vietnamese army to shoulder the bulk of the fighting.

Despite his pledge to bring American G.I's home, American ground troop levels in Vietnam remained high and the Nixon administration expanded the war into the neighboring countries. Vietnamese Rifles This is the AK-47. It was loaned to the Vietnamese by the Russians and is the most used firearm in the world. This is the Type-56. It is basically a clone of the AK-47 made by the Chinese. The Chinese gave the Vietnamese these rifles to fight Americans This is the SKS "Simonov". It was used by the Vietnamese and manufactured in Russia. The SKS is still used by Vietnamese police today. Like many 'hawks' in the White House, Johnson was a fervent supporter of the 'Domino Theory' and he was keen to support South Vietnam against NLF:

"If we quit Vietnam tomorrow we'll be fighting in Hawaii and next week we'll have to be fighting in San Francisco."

Johnson was encouraged by his advisers to take up a more forceful approach to the Vietnam conflict and to send in U.S troops to bolster the South Vietnam Army. *Agent Orange was one of a class of color-coded herbicides that U.S forces sprayed over the rural landscape in Vietnam from 1961 to 1971 to destroy trees, shrubs and food crops that were providing cover and food to the opposition forces. It contained a toxic containment called dioxin. This chemical, unlike the other herbicide used, remained in the air causing health problems such as cancer, birth defects, liver damage, pulmonary and heart disease. Many also died. This is the T-59. It's a Chinese tank used by the Vietnamese. They were manufactured in China and lent to the NVA The My Lai Massacre was the mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968, by United States Army soldiers of "Charlie" Company of 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the America Division.

Victims included women, men, children, and infants. Many women were raped during this terrible event.

26 U.S soldier were initially charged with criminal offenses for their actions but only a single lieutenant was convicted.

The massacre also increased domestic opposition to the U.S involvement in the Vietnam War. This is the M-48. It was the main battle tank for the U.S. forces in Vietnam. Over 1,400 were produced. U.S./NVA Tanks Punji traps were very common on the battlefield and were quite effective. They were a simple & effective killing tool used by the Vietnamese. Very scary too. PUNJI TRAPS U.S./NVA Snipers This is the M-14 equipped with a scope. These were used in the 70's (later on in the war). This is the SVD "Dragunov". It is a Russian made rifle that the Soviets gave to the Vietnamese during the war. John F. Kennedy Here are some pictures of the effects that Agent Orange had. Many people suffered because of it in many different ways. The Coalition Forces: America The Coalition Forces: South Vietnam The Communist Forces: Vietcong The Communist Forces: North Vietnam The Tet Offensive was launched on January, 30th. 1968 by Vietcong forces as surprise attacks. There was supposed to be a cease fire due to the Tet Lunar New Year Celebrations. Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence. 1945: 1950: U.S. pledges military aid
to help the French in Vietnam. 1954: President Eisenhower
outlines the Domino Theory. 1960: Kennedy is
elected president 1963: Kennedy assassinated;
Johnson becomes president 1965: First American combat
troops arrive in Vietnam. 1968: Tet Offensive, My Lai Massacre,
Nixon elected president. 1969: Nixon announces
Vietnamization. 1973: Last American troops
leave Vietnam 1974: Nixon resigns; Ford
becomes president. 1975: Remaining Americans
evacuate Vietnam.
There were 2 groups of Americans, the "Hawks" and the "Doves". The "Hawks" supported the war and the bombings over Northern Vietnam. The "Doves" wanted Johnson to end the American involvement right away. Mid 1967: Early 1950-1980: The Domino Theory speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. 1956: The Vietcong (National Liberation Front [NLF]), was a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, and emerged on the winning side. 1964: The Tonkin Gulf Resolution stated that "Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression . " As public resistance to the war heightened, the resolution was repealed by Congress in January 1971. Ho Chi Minh John F. Kennedy Richard Nixon Lyndon B. Johnson Hawk - supporter of the Vietnam War. Coalition Forces spreading Agent Orange by plane. Maps indicating where Agent Orange was used throughout Vietnam. Weapons Entrance Exit This is the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. It is a document that allowed Lyndon B. Johnson to take military action in Vietnam. Have a great day! 36th President 35th President (1961-1963) (1963-1969) (1969-1973) 1961 1963 Beginning of 1968 Women's Bathroom Beginning of 1968 *The 17th parallel is the division between North and South Vietnam. This was the result of a Chinese proposal at the Geneva Confernce of 1954. This was a big part to why the war started. Q. What was the goal of our involvement
in the Vietnam War and were we successful
in achieving this goal? A. The U.S. government saw the Vietnam
War as a way to prevent Communism from
spreading (Domino Theory). The U.S. was
Unsuccessful in stopping the spread of
Communism throughout Vietnam and over
211,000 U.S. soldiers dead or wounded. Q. How did Americans at home react to U.S.
involvement in this war? A. Many Americans believed we didn't
belong in this war due to these reasons:
opposition to the draft, morality, legality,
and pragmatic arguments. Americans
thought the Domino Theory was not a
good enough reason to go to war. Q. What was the aftermath of the war on
asian territories? A. Cambodia was taken over by Communism,
over one million Cambodians killed 450,000
people fled Vietnam, about 1.4 million
Vietnamese refugees have been resettled to the
U.S. since 1975, Laos was overcome with
Communism and a quarter million Laotian's
have resettled to the U.S. Q. What were the long term effects on Americans
and our view of government and war? A. Well after 58,000 Americans died & 150,000
were wounded many American citizens were
outraged. The "Vietnam Veterans Against the
War" was formed and 30,000 members went
against the unrightful treatment of servicemen.
American soldiers were harmed by Agent Orange
and Communism was still very real. The Vietnam
War showed Americans that we're not invincible. Kent State
On April 30, 1970, President Richard M. Nixon announced the invasion of Cambodia by the U.S and the need to draft 150,000 more soldiers for an expansion of the Vietnam War effort. This provoked massive protests on campuses throughout the country such as the ones on Kent State University in Ohio. These protesters launched a demonstration that included setting fire to the ROTC building. War Powers Act of 1973
The War Powers Resolution, generally known as the War Powers Act, was passed by Congress over President Nixon's veto to increase congressional control over the executive branch in foreign policy matters, specifically in regard to military actions short of formally declared war. This prohibited the President from engaging in military actions for more than sixty days, unless Congress voted approval. Welcome to
the JVK Vietnam
War Museum

Détente was a permanent relaxation in international affairs during the Cold War rather than just a temporary relaxation (the so-called "thaw"). 1971:
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