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Chaparral Biome Presentation

Information about the Chaparral Biome
by

Marin Cabrera

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Chaparral Biome Presentation

CHAPARRAL OVERVIEW
The chaparral is characterized by having both forests and grasslands. It is a shrubby coastal area that has hot dry summers and mild, cool rainy winters. It is characterized by unique animals that reside in this biome. Different chaparrals of the world contain different fauna that have all adapted to long dry spells as well as frequent fires.
TEMPERATURES
LOCATION
On the coast of California
Found in a section of the Sierra Nevada at 53° to 65° N latitude while the mountain range is at 32° to 60° N.
Humans have hurt the biome by cutting down the trees
Plants have adapted to conserve water through small, waxy leaves.
FEATURES
The soil is very poor in nutrients and desert-like which supports few plants
Common wildfires
Moderates local climates
Allows underground water supplies to recharge
Provides protection against erosion
LIVING ORGANISMS
FAUNA
LIMITING FACTORS:
Weather Conditions
Soil Type
Amount of Rainfall
GOLDEN JACKAL
CHARACTERISTICS
CLIMATE, LATITUDE AND ALTITUDE
The locations of this biome cause the plants and animals to adapt and survive its harsh dry climate by accustoming to the lack of water (with leaves that pick up precipitation) and sometimes lack of food. The chaparral contains different terrain ranging from mountainous to flat or shrubby
PHYSICAL
Peaks can reach up to 5,000 ft above sea level
California chaparral coastal range located at (53°-65°N)
Mountain range located at (32°-60°N)
Mountains are steeply sloped
Valleys and streams widely spread
Hot and dry in summers and mild/rainy in winters
12-40 inches of rain fall per year
Precipitation increases as altitude increases
Chaparrals found in every continent except Antarctica
The plants are adapted to the ever changing conditions of the chaparral. Most have small hard leaves that retain water as precipitation can be rare. Examples are poison oak, scrub oak, Yucca Whipplei, shrubs and cacti
Plant Life
PRIMARY CONSUMERS
GREAT HORNED OWL
MULE DEER
Chaparral
Biome
The chaparral biome has many types of terrain and is hot and dry.
Serpentine Soil = High in toxic elements such as magnesium but lacking in essential elements such as calcium
Vernal Pools = Shallow body of water that forms in a low lying area; usually lacking in shrubs or trees due to the hard pan underneath
CACTUS WREN
Temperatures reach 80 degrees F and on the average 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
The chaparral biome is located in small sections of continents, including the west coast of the US, west coast of South America, Cape town area of South Africa, western tip of Australia, and coastal area of the Mediterranean.
CALIFORNIA CHAPARRAL
SOIL CHARACTERISTICS
KEY FEATURES
Gabbro Soil = Igneous rock that is sometimes worn down and uplifted to form a gabbro soil. Nutrient poor and may support unusual amount of cover plants
Alluvial Soil = Created from deposits of rivers and streams, richer in organic material with a higher concentration of clay or loam
SECONDARY
CONSUMERS:
Wild Goat
Black-Tailed Jackrabbit
Spotted Skunk
Puma
Aardwolf
Grey Fox
ISLAND GREY FOX
ADAPTATIONS BY LIVING THINGS
Plants have developed an immunity to fire
Animals have learned to hunt in close areas
Kangaroo rats do not drink or eat juicy food, instead they produce little urine, don't sweat or pant and have lots of hairs in the nasal passages to keep moisture
Jackrabbits send lots of blood to the ears to release heat
Intestines of mammals are coated with bacteria to help get nutrition
LIVING SPECIES
The amount of species are diverse yet limited by the hot dry climate, the soil erosion, the lack of nutrients, and the lack of constant precipitation.
CHAPARRAL INFORMATION
HUMAN ACTIVITIES
Humans have changed the chaparral region rapidly as cities expand and land is needed for cultivation. Since the Chaparral biome shows little to no growth after 30 years, humans burn it to clear space for land development, which kills off habitats for plants and animals to prosper
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