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Nathaniel Hawthorne

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Will Click

on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Nathaniel Hawthorne

Born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4th, 1864
Was born with the last name Hathorne and later added a "w" to the name to distinguish himself.
Middle child of three.
Studied at Bowdoin College in Maine (1821)
During his college years, which his uncle Robert Manning helped pay for, he met some of his life long friends.
Family was riddled with Puritanism, which influenced most of his stories
Family History
Salem,Massachusetts
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Early Adulthood (1825-1844)
Late Adulthood 1845-1864
Inspiration: found a letter in the attic "A" letter.
The Scarlet Letter
Published in 1850
"I do not want to be a doctor and live by men's diseases, nor a minister to live by their sins, nor a lawyer to live by their quarrels. So, I don't see that there is anything left for me but to be an author."
One of the first mass-produced books in America.
Early Life
Works
Wife and Kids
Wife: Sophia Peabody
Children (3): Una, Julian, and Rose

New England was often the setting of Hawthorne's works.
"The Scarlet Letter" was one of his most famous works.
1849
Mother dies
Fired from his job
Starts the Scarlet Letter
Father's Side
1864
Traveled to New Hampshire with Franklin Pierce
On May 18/19 Hawthorne died in his sleep
Buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Concord, MA.
Great-great-great granfather moved to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
His son John: connection to Salem Witch Trials
Family shame
1808- When
Nathaniel was
four, his father
died of yellow fever
Over the next few years he moves to Rome, to England, to America, wherever he can find work.
In the depths of every heart there is a tomb and a dungeon, though the lights, the music, and revelry above may cause us to forget their existence, and the buried ones, or prisoners whom they hide. But sometimes, and oftenest at midnight, these dark receptacles are flung wide open. In an hour like his....pray that your griefs may slumber. “The Haunted Mind”.
Mother's Side
Mother: Elizabeth Clarke Manning
Her great uncle's wife accused him of having incest with his two sisters.
He skipped town before the trial
His sisters had to appear in public with the word "incest" attached to their bonnets
Scarlet Letter: "A" worn by a woman in the story who is found guilty of adultery
Sophia
Giles Corey of the Salem Farms by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
"I will not plead.
If I deny, I am condemned already,
In courts where ghosts appear as witnesses,
And swear men's lives away. If I confess,
Then I confess a lie, to buy a life
Which is not life, but only death in life.
I will not bear false witness against any,
Not even against myself, whom I count least."
The Deposistion of Ann putnam who testifieth and saith that on
13'th of April 1692, I saw the Apperishtion of Gilles Cory com and
afflect me urging me to writ in his book and so he continewed hurt-
ing me by times tell the 19'th April being the day of his examina-
tion : and dureing the time of his examination Giles Cory did tortor
me a grat many times.and allso severall times sence Giles Cory or
his Apperance has most greviously afflected me by beating pinching
and almost Choaking me to death urging me to writ in his book also
on the day of his examination I saw Giles Cory or his Apperance
most greviously afflect and torment Mary Walcott mercy lewes and
sarah vibber and I veryly beleveue that Giles Cory is [is] a dreadfull
wizzard for sence he has ben in prison he or his Apperance has come
to me a grat many tims and afflected me.
Primary Sources
( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 2 Page 41 )
Sources
http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/texts/tei/BoySalCombined?div_id=n37&term=Giles%20Corey&name=
The Salem Witchcraft Papers: Verbatim Transcripts of the Legal Documents of the Salem Witchcraft Outbreak of 1692
http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/gilescoreypage.htm
http://www.online-literature.com/hawthorne/
http://www.egs.edu/library/nathaniel-hawthorne/biography/
http://www.shmoop.com/nathaniel-hawthorne/timeline.html
http://www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Hawthorne-Nathaniel.html
http://www.gradesaver.com/author/hawthorne/
http://www.geni.com/people/Nathaniel-Hawthorne/6000000001354952389
http://www.jimmcguiggan.com/sketches2.asp?id=69
http://www.hawthorneinsalem.org/Life&Times/Family/Immediate/Introduction.html

Recent Times
Nathaniel Hawthorne's home is currently a museum
In 2006, the graves of Sophia, his wife, and Una, their oldest daughter were moved from England to Sleepy Hill Cemetery in Massachusetts.
Themes: Revenge, compassion and forgiveness, sin, hypocrisy, guilt and blame, and isolation.
Other works
House of the Seven Gables- 1851
The Marble Faun- 1860
The Blithedale Romance
1852
"Words so innocent and powerless as they are, as standing in a dictionary, how potent for good and evil they become in the hands of the one who knows how to combine them."
~Nathaniel Hawthorne
Fanshawe
The Scarlet Letter
First published book in 1828
Children have always a sympathy in the agitations of those connected with them; always, especially, a sense of any trouble or impending revolution, of whatever kind, in domestic circumstances; and therefore Pearl, who was the gem on her mother's unquiet bosom, betrayed, by the very dance of her spirits, the emotions which none could detect in the marble passiveness of Hester's brow (21.4)


Savanah Phillips
Una and Julian
Will Click
Will Click
Twice Told Tales
Graduates College
Moves back with his family in Salem
Stephanie Rodeheaver
Ignored by the public
Isolates himself from the rest of the world for the ten years
Married in 1842 after being engaged for 3 years
Hawthorne wrote 6 novels, his most famous being The Scarlet Letter. Fanshawe, a book he wrote about his life as a college student, is his 2nd most popular novel. It is estimated that he wrote as many as 80 short stories and at least 1 essay.
( Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 2 Page 41 )
Peyton Barton
"Amid the seeming confusion of our mysterious world, individuals are so nicely adjusted to a system, and systems to one another and to a whole, that, by stepping aside for a moment, a man exposes himself to a fearful risk of losing his place forever."
-Twice Told Tales
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