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World War II

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Rishi 6

on 4 October 2016

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Transcript of World War II

May 10th, 1940
World War II

What this project is about
The Invasion
of Poland
The Invasion of Poland was also known as the September Campaign, the 1939 Defensive War or the Fourth Partition of Poland.
Battle of France
Battle of Britain
The Battle of Britain was one of the most famous battles of all time. It was also the only battle in WWII to be fought completely in the air.
The Inside Story
European War
The Greco-Italian War
The Atomic Bombs
We chose the timeline project.
We did the timeline in a little different way. All events will be in chronological order.
We did eleven events, but we put a lot of extra information into each event plus careful research.
What?
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II which was fought in the Pacific and East Asia. It was fought over a vast area which included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, the South-East Asia, and in China.
The Overview
The Axis states which assisted Japan included Thailand, which quickly formed a temporary alliance with the Japanese in 1941, as the Japanese forces were already invading the southern peninsula of Thailand. The Phayap Army sent troops to invade and occupy northeastern Burma, which was former Thai territory that had been forcibly taken away by the British Army much earlier. Also involved were the Japanese puppet states of Manchukuo and Mengjiang (consisting of most of Manchuria and parts of Inner Mongolia respectively), and the collaborationist Wang Jingwei regime (which controlled the coastal regions of China).
The official policy of the U.S. Government is that Thailand was not an ally of the Axis, and that the United States was not at war with Thailand. The policy of the U.S. Government ever since 1945 has been to treat Thailand not as a former enemy, but rather as a country which had been forced into certain actions by Japanese blackmail, before being occupied by Japanese troops. Thailand has been treated by the United States in the same way as such other Axis-occupied countries as Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Greece, Norway, Poland, and the Netherlands.
Iwo Jima
The invasion of Iwo Jima began on February 19, 1945, and continued to March 27, 1945. The battle was a major initiative of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. The Marine invasion, known as Operation Detachment, was charged with the mission of capturing the airfields on the island which up until that time had harried US bombing missions to Tokyo. Once the bases were secured, they could then be of use in the impending invasion of the Japanese mainland.


The battle was marked by some of the fiercest fighting of the War. The Imperial Japanese Army positions on the island were heavily fortified, with vast bunkers, hidden artillery, and11 miles of tunnels.The battle was the first U.S. attack on the Japanese Home Islands and the Imperial soldiers kept their land in firm hold.. Of the 21,000 Japanese soldiers present at the beginning of the battle, over 19,000 were killed and only 1,083 taken prisoner.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the war’s longest continuous military campaign. During six years of naval warfare, German U-boats and warships – and later Italian submarines – were pitted against Allied convoys transporting military equipment and supplies across the Atlantic to Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
In the spring of 1942, the German offensive against the Soviet Union was nearly a year old. Hitler, believing that he could win in the East by staging a decisive offensive in the south aimed at the Soviet Union’s economic resources, launched a two-pronged attack on 28 June. Army Group A pushed towards the oil-rich area of Baku, and Army Group B advanced towards Stalingrad and the Volga. Stalingrad was a key strategic target. It was an important industrial center, communications hub, and sat astride the Volga River. Capturing Stalingrad would cut this waterway – the principal supply route from south to central and northern Russia.
The Allied invasion of Sicily began on 10 July 1943. The US Seventh Army commanded by General Patton, and the British Eighth Army under General Montgomery, landed respectively at the Gulf of Gela and south of Syracuse. While Montgomery’s forces encountered stubborn resistance in the hills around Mount Etna, Patton’s troops advanced northwest towards Palermo and directly north to sever the northern coastal road. They then moved eastwards supported by a series of amphibious landings along the north coast, reaching Messina ahead of the British. By the end of August, Sicily was under Allied control and could be used as a base to invade Italy.
The Inside Story
In 1933, the Nazi Party, under its leader Adolf Hitler took over Germany. As early as fall of 1933 Hitler envisioned annexing such territories as Bohemia, Poland, Austria to essentially create an empire (like Great Britain).
The Inside Story
The plan consisted of three assaults. First, a main attack over the western Polish border. This was to be carried out by Army Group South commanded by General Rundstedt. It was to deliver the decisive blow with a northeastward thrust into the heart of Poland.
The Inside Story
In the World War 2, the Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the successful German invasion of France and the Low Countries, beginning on 10 May 1940, defeating French forces. The battle consisted of two main operations. In the first, Fall Gelb (Case Yellow), German armored units pushed through the Ardennes to cut off and surround the Allied units that had advanced into Belgium. When British and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the highly mobile and well organised German operation, the British government decided to evacuate the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) as well as several French divisions at Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo.

(BEF) as well as several French divisions at Dunkirk in Operation Dynamo.
After the withdrawal of the BEF, Germany launched a second operation, Fall Rot (Case Red), which was commenced on 5 June 1940. While the depleted French forces put up stiff initial resistance, German air superiority and armoured mobility overwhelmed the remaining French forces. German armour outflanked the Maginot Line and pushed deep into France with German forces arriving in an undefended Paris on 14 June. This caused a chaotic period of flight for the French government and effectively ended French military resistance. German commanders finally met with French officials on June 18 with the goal of the new French government being an armistice with Germany. Chief among the new government leaders was Marshal Philippe Pétain, newly appointed Prime Minister and one of the supporters of seeking an armistice with Germany.
On 22 June, an armistice was signed between France and Germany, which resulted in a division of France whereby Germany would occupy the north and west, Italy would control a small Italian occupation zone in the southeast, and an unoccupied zone, the zone libre, would be governed by the newly formed Vichy government led by Marshal Pétain. France remained under Axis occupation until the liberation of the country in 1944.

Plans
The Inside Story
This battle was fought between the Luftwaffe and the Royal Air Force (RAF). Hitler knew this wouldn't be an easy battle, but he had high hopes.The Luftwaffe's Messerschmitt BF 109E and Bf 110C fought against the RAF's workhorse Hurricane Mk I and the less numerous Spitfire Mk I. The Bf 109E had a better climb rate and was 10–30 mph (16–48 km/h) faster than the Hurricane Mk I, depending on altitude. In spring and summer of 1940, RAF fighters benefited from increased availability of 100 octane aviation fuel, which allowed their Merlin engines to generate significantly more power through the use of an Emergency Boost Override. In September 1940, the more powerful Mk IIa series Hurricanes started entering service in small numbers. This version was capable of a maximum speed of 342 mph (550 km/h), some 25–30 mph (40–48 kph) more than the Mk I.
Phases
The Battle can be divided into four phases:

10 July – 11 August: Kanalkampf, ("the Channel battles").
12–23 August: Adlerangriff ("Eagle Attack"), the early assault against the coastal airfields.
24 August – 6 September: the Luftwaffe targets the airfields. The critical phase of the battle.
7 September onwards: the day attacks switch to British towns and cities.
The Greco-Italian War, also known as the Italo-Greek War was a conflict between Italy and Greece, which lasted from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941. The conflict marked the beginning of the Balkans campaign of World War II and the initial Greek counteroffensive, the first successful land campaign against the Axis powers in the war. The conflict known as the Battle of Greece began with the intervention of Nazi Germany on 6 April 1941.
Hiroshima
Code name: Little Boy
Weight: 9,700 pounds
Length: 10 feet
Diameter: 28 inches
32 were built.
The Normandy landings, named Operation Neptune, were the landings of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II. In planning, as for most Allied operations, the term D-Day was used for the day of the actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
Nagasaki
Code name: Fat Man
Weight: 10,300 pounds
Length: 128 inches
Diameter: 60 inches
A second route of attack from northern Prussia.
A tertiary attack by part of Army Group South's allied Slovak units from Slovakia.
All assaults would converge on Warsow, while the main Polish army was to be trapped and destroyed west of the Vistula River (the longest and biggest river in Poland). Fall Weiss (Nazi strategic plan to take over Poland) was initiated on September 1st, 1939, and was the first operation of the Second World War in Europe.

In WWII, the Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the successful German invasion of France on 10 May 1940. The battle consisted of two main operations. In the first, Fall Gelb, German armored units pushed through the Ardennes Forest to cut off and surround the Allies that had advanced into Belgium. The British and French forces were pushed back to the sea by the highly mobile and well organized German operation.

Germany had mobilised 4,200,000 men of the Heer, 1,000,000 of the Luftwaffe (Air Force) , 180,000 of the Kriegsmarine (Navy), and 100,000 of the Waffen-SS( Military). When consideration is made for those in Poland, Denmark and Norway, the Army had 3,000,000 men available for the offensive on 10 May 1940.0 These manpower reserves were formed into 157 divisions. Of these, 135 were earmarked for the offensive, including 42 reserve divisions.

The German forces in the West in May and June deployed some 2,439 tanks and 7,378 artillery guns, including material reserves committed. In 1939 40 to 45 percent of the army was at least 40 years old, and 50 percent of all the soldiers had just a few weeks training. Contrary to what the blitzkrieg legend suggests, the German Army was not fully motorized. Just 10 percent of the Army was motorized in 1940 and could boast only 120,000 vehicles, compared to the 300,000 of the French Army. The British also had an "enviable" contingent of motorized forces. Most of the German logistical tail consisted of horse-drawn vehicles.

Only 50 percent of the German divisions available in 1940 were combat ready often being worse equipped than their equivalents in the British and French Armies, or even as well as the German Army of 1914. In the spring of 1940, the German army was semi-modern. A small number of the best-equipped and "elite divisions were offset by many second and third rate divisions".
Strategic reasons influenced the Allied decision to advance and fight on Belgian territory when the German attack came in the west.The French determined that the German offensive had to be contained as far east as possible, to keep the battles off French territory. Finally, and for him personally, the most cogent argument for advancing and fighting on Belgian territory was that General Gamelin did not consider the French army capable of winning a mobile battle against the German army in the wide operational theater France would present. Belgium presented a far narrower front to contain German formations. He also argued that advancing to the Dyle river and preparing an entrenched front there would prevent most of Belgium's industrial regions from falling into German hands.

September 1st, 1939
July, 1940

Germany:
16,343 killed,
3,500 missing,
30,300 wounded

Slovakia:
37 killed,
11 missing,
114 wounded

Soviet Union
1,475 killed or missing,
2,383 wounded
or:
5,327 killed, missing and wounded

Total casualties: 59,000

Poland:
66,000 dead,
133,700 wounded,
199,700 total casualties,
694,000 captured
904,000 total losses


Even though the Luftwaffe killed more than forty thousand people, the RAF fought back and eventually Hitler saw that he had to put off his plans for taking over Great Britain
28 October 1940 - 23 April 1941

The attack started on the morning of 28 October, pushing back the Greek screening forces. The Ciamuria Corps, spearheaded by the Ferrara and Centauro divisions, attacked towards Elaia in Kalpaki, while the littoral group advanced οn its right along the coast, securing a bridgehead over the Kalamas River. The Italians faced difficulties with the light L3 tanks of the Centauro, which were unable to cope with the hilly terrain or the muddy tracks that served as roads.
Battle of the Atlantic
Stalingrad
Italy
The Allies conducted operations designed to mislead the Germans as to the date and location of the Allied landings. Operation Fortitude included Fortitude North, a misinformation campaign using fake radio traffic to lead the Germans into expecting an attack on Norway, and Fortitude South, a major deception involving the creation of a fictitious First U.S. Army Group under Lieutenant General George S. Patton, supposedly located in Kent and Sussex. Fortitude South was intended to deceive the Germans into believing the main attack would take place at Pas de Calais.
1939-1945
23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943
3 September 1943
The Battle of the Pacific
Little Boy was less powerful than Fat Man
but killed more people because Hiroshima is flat and Nagasaki is in a valley.

Little Boy was a uranium bomb which is radioactive, but Nagasaki was a plutonium bomb which is radioactive and poisonous.
Nagasaki was a secondary location. The location of the bombing changed due to weather conditions.
The original location was Kokura.
D-Day
Feb 19, 1945-March 27, 1945
THANK YOU!
June 6, 1944
August 6, 1945
August 9, 1945
Bibliography
The Wiki
Google Docs
Prezi
Other websites we don't have names for
Full transcript