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The French Revolution Pt. 2

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Meghan Hudson

on 19 October 2018

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Transcript of The French Revolution Pt. 2

The French Revolution Pt. 2
Liberal to Radical
The Women's March
October 5, 1789
7,000 women + national guard
Versailles
High price/scarcity of bread
Royal family forced to evacuate
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette spent remainder of years as prisoners @ Tuileries Palace in Paris
Signed decrees for lower bread prices in Paris
Civil Constitution of the Clergy
Reform the Church (1789-1790)
Abolished religious orders (nuns, monks) and tithes
Lands confiscated
State religion
Election of bishops and priests
Oath of allegiance to France and not the Pope
Standard pay scales
Result: Pope condemns changes, "refractory clergy" - refuse to accept doc. (54%)
Is this liberal?
Threats from within and abroad led to rise of radicalism
A political group, the Jacobins, comprised of bourgeoisie and sans-culottes rose to power
Called for Republic and universal male suffrage
~900 Jacobin clubs throughout France
Paris Commune dominated political scene
Led by Georges Danton
Sans-culottes demanded popular gov't
Formed the National Convention and abolished the monarchy on Sept. 21, 1792
2/3 of deputies were under 45 and had political experience w/ the Rev.
Fate of king?
Declaration of Rights of Woman
Written in response to "Man"
Journalist Olympe de Gouges
Women are equal citizens and should benefit from reforms just as men did
Women gain some rights during the FR, but these were designed for purposes other than liberating women
Inherit property-weakened feudalism and reduced wealth among the upper classes
Divorce became easier, but only to weaken the Church’s control over marriage
National Assembly worked on a new constitution for 2 years, passed in 1791
New gov't created, establishing a constitutional monarchy w/ unicameral leg.
Legislative Assembly (1791-92)
Power to create laws
France divided into 83 districts governed by elected officials...many were bourgeois
Uniform law system
Taxpaying men over 25 yrs. old could vote
King stripped of his authority
Problems continued in France
Debt, food shortages
Allowed radicals who were against the monarchy to gain seats in the Legislative Assembly
Constitution of 1791
Royal family caught trying to escape (1791)
"Flight of Varennes" - to avoid accepting Constitution
Captured and forced to accept limited monarchy
Church wanted privileges restored
Nobles fled
"émigrés"
European nations feared revolutionary ideas would spread
Declaration of Pillnitz
Austria and Prussia would help restore absolutism
France declared war against Austria and Prussia in 1792 due to their support of Louis XVI
Opposition to the New Gov't
The National Convention (1792-1795)
Full transcript