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Transcript of Cubism
What is Cubism?
Cubism is a 20th century art movement that began in Paris. It is primarily done in paint. It wanted to change the belief that people had about art. It rejected the belief that art should copy nature. It was the first form of abstract art.
Who started it?
Cubism was introduced to the people by Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881 - 1973) and Georges Braque (French, 1882 - 1963)
Most Famous Cubists
Facts about Cubism
Their paintings usually involved people or everyday objects.
The Term was made by French art critic Louis Vauxcelles
Cubism inspired related movements in music and literature.
The most complex period of "Analytic Cubism" has been called "Hermetic Cubism," because it is almost impossible to figure out the images.
Who's painting started Cubism?
Pablo Picasso's painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)
Paul Cézanne's Influence
Cézanne liked to flatten the space in his paintings to place more emphasis on their surface. To make a difference between a painting and reality. He saw painting in more abstract terms as the construction and arrangement of color on a two-dimensional surface.
The Salon cubists followed the syle of Picasso and Braque and participatted in public showings instead of private galleries. They were strongly influenced by Cezanne. His work often showed symbolic content. To the art crowd, cubism meant Salon Cubism. Other important Salon Cubists: Juan Gris, Jean Metzinger, and Fernand Leger.
Synthetic Cubism grew out of Analytical Cubism. It was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque and then copied by the Salon Cubists. Picasso and Braque discovered that through the repetition of "analytic" signs their work became more geometrically simplified and flatter. Synthetic Cubism is more vibrant and is made by constructing and assembling forms and compositions.
Three types of Cubism
There are three different types of Cubism:
It was invented by Picasso and Braque. They invented specific shapes and characteristic details that would represent the whole object or person. These "signs" developed from the artists' analyzes of objects in space. It is very simple due to the use of dark, almost monochromatic colors.
Violin and Palette
Guitarra y Mandolina
Fernand Leger: Contrast of Forms
Jean Metzinger: Globe and Banjo
Still Life with Compote and Glass
Pyramid of Skulls
Juan Gris: Portrait of Pablo Picasso
By: Noah & Yoko