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Discipline and Punish

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by

Alfredo Garcia

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Discipline and Punish

The Disciplinary Society

Discipline
We see the reversal of power. Power is productive rather than destructive
Hierarchical observation, normalizing judgements, examination
Discipline not unique to the prison but rather is the crux of societal relationships
Human Science
Punitive vs Coercive Society
One must punish exactly enough to prevent repetition
Regulation through Obstacle-signs
Right to punish has been shifted from vengeance of the sovereign to the defense of society
What created this shift?
Public executions often led to riots
Call for punishment reform not simply on humanitarian reasons but rather symmetrical distribution of power
Torture
Damiens execution contrasted with Faucher's timetable for prisoners published in approximately 1837
Prison/Panoptigon
Perfected discipline
Governmentality/Society of Control
Governing from afar
neoliberalism - autonomous individuals
Increase surveillance (NSA) - we are objects of information
Private/Public blur
Discplinary? Post-Panoptigon? Something new?
Discipline and Punish
Discussion Questions
Power is everywhere
Monsieur Foucault?
Docile Bodies
body is docile that may be subjected, used, transformed and improved
a documented individual
manipulate/control someone so completely they no longer realize they are being controlled
Time table
Binary Distinctions
Subjectivities - something for further discussion; the concepts of the delinquent replace the reality of the body as the focus of attention
• The body and pain are not the ultimate objects of [the law's] punitive action,"
warders, doctors, chaplains, psychiatrists, psychologists, and educationalists have taken over from the executioner

Surveillance
Continuing with spatial examples, Foucault contrasts the leper-town
complete normalization of 'othering' for the sake of the society
Power is constant but unverifiable: you always know it could be watching you, but never know for sure.
Imprisonment
Super-Power
Reformists saw too much power in the monarch; paralyzed justice
new political economy to punish formulated from within the legal system
Not punish less but more effectively, deep into the social body
Punish what?
Capitalism
Increase of overall wealth
Industrial Revolution
Property & Security
Illegality of property rather than rights
Introduced concept of policing pg 87
Change of power structure again by the ruling class (protect property)
Body
Public execution
reestablished the authority and power
Judicial and Penal Torture Regulated
The guilty man the herald of his own condemnation
Soul
If the penalty in its most severe forms no longer addresses itself to the body, on what does it lay hold?
This soul is born of methods of punishment, supervision and constraint
Work on the prisoners soul must be carried out as often as possible. The prison, though an administrative apparatus, will be at the same time be a machine for altering minds
diagnostic, prognostic, normative judgments concerning the criminal have become lodged in the framework of penal judgment
understand and rehabilitate
Subject no longer responsible for his own demise
Is Foucault Too
Pessimistic?
Does a coherent multitude exist for Foucault in D/P?
Is the self inherently doomed to disciplinary power structures?
What about the state?
Has Foucault's theories changed your mind about the state?
What about today's globalized era?
Where does sovereignty exist for you?
Foucault and the Law
What do you think Foucault would say about the law?
Is it 'situational' as Schmitt described last week?
Is it independent or merely a technological power?
law reflects in the direction of power?

Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Genealogy of the modern penal system
Examines how changing power relationships affected the discourse of punishment
It can be read as the genealogy of punishment from body to soul
Idea formation (Subjectivities)
One Thousand Theatres
Liberty is the one thing that is equal to everyone. Fines hurt the poor more than the rich, but taking away freedom caused the same level of discomfort to all
If all are equal to imprisonment, all have the capability of being subjugated by discipline
Walnut Street prison as an example prison
Its success meant that imprisonment had to be further incorporated into the penal system
not so much punishment as it is transformation of the criminal
Ultimately, moves further away from torture through sovereign
No Historical Materialism
reteach liberty
open: public could see criminals engaged in public works, chain gangs, prison workshops
punishment as lesson
often did something progressive for the state; cheap labour
Reciprocity: theft/loss of property; murder/death
Shame
Carceral System
Allows for the break down of the prison walls
The techniques of power within the prison system move into society
Creating subjectivities
How evident is this today?
Power/Knowledge
discursive practice that is nonetheless in constant flux
power therefore involves restricting or altering someone's will
Power is present in all human relationships, and penetrates throughout society.
The state does not have a monopoly over power, because power relations are deeply unstable and changeable.
Power is everywhere: concepts are the same in military schools, boarding schools, prisons
Power as strategy and exercise
Power as strategy and exercise
Power as strategy and exercise
Foucault and Law: Towards a New Sociology of Law as Governance
governmental' and '–ity' - governmental meaning pertaining to the government of a country; and the suffix –ity meaning the study of
Identifying the enemy
still prevalent today
Not elimination of crime
Full transcript