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WHAP Chapter 4 Visual Sources
Transcript of WHAP Chapter 4 Visual Sources
Used to impress people and show off the power of Shihungdi
Shihungdi could command his army in the afterlife
What kind of organizational effort would be required to produce such a ceramic army?
A large number of people trained in mass production and in how to make the statues
The face of each soldier is unique and so many artisans were either forced or paid to detail each statue
They either have to be paid or forced in which case soldiers would be needed An Eighteenth-Century Representation of
Qin Shihungdi What signs of imperial authority are apparent in the painting?
Emperor is wearing special silk clothes and is sitting on a throne.
The person in front of the emperor is kneeling to him.
Emperor is being guarded by soldiers
Emperor is in a walled palace
Emperor is also sitting at a higher level than everyone else
What impression of the First Emperor does this painting convey? Do you think the artist sought to celebrate or criticize Shihungdi?
Depicts Shihungdi as a feared ruler
Shows Shihungdi's brutality by burning books and burying scholars
Artist could be celebrating Shihungdi doing what it takes to unite empire
Artist could be criticizing Shihungdi by showing his cruelty
What accusations against Shihungdi might arise from the action depicted at the bottom of this visual source?
Shihungdi killing people that China valued
Undermining Confucianism thereby undermining Chinese culture Considering the Evidence Shihungdi was China's first so-called emperor
Qin Shihungdi brought unity to warring China with brutal policies that were very effective
No images of Shihungdi survived during his reign. He was the subject of many paintings in later centuries
Shihungdi was hated during his time
(many assassination attempts)
Shihungdi believed his empire was universal and eternal
Tried to become an immortal
Shihungdi is buried with the workers that died building his tomb, sacrificed concubines, and sacrificed aristocrats Terra-Cotta Infantry and Terra-Cotta Archer What similarities and differences can you identify between the infantrymen and the archer? Which of them do you imagine had a higher status?
All have similar armor, expressions, and hairstyle
The infantry are standing and the archer is kneeling alone
What impressions do their posture and facial expressions convey?
Confident facial expressions
Archer seems a little more confident and serious
All infantry men have same posture which shows their discipline
What details help to convey a highly realistic image of these figures?
Figures have different hair styles
Different facial features
The detail in their face, body, and armor A Bronze Horse-Drawn Chariot Scholars differ as to the precise purpose of this carriage. Perhaps it was intended to allow the emperor to tour his realm in the afterlife much as he had done while alive. Or did it serve a one-time purpose to transport the emperor's soul into the afterlife? What line of reasoning might support either of these interpretations?
Important people were transported in carriages regularly
The tomb is 56 square kilometers and emperor needs someway to get around
Carriage was made out of very precious metal, was facing West, smaller than normal carriage so it might be specifically for soul
The carriages were found deliberately buried in a wooden coffin and facing west. What significance might you attach to these facts?
It was in its own coffin which shows its ritual significance in transporting the emperor in his afterlife
The West in important because it is associated with the afterlife Qin Shihungdi and China's Eternal Empire Chapter 4 Visual Sources