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“What are the external and internal factors that affect the
Transcript of “What are the external and internal factors that affect the
To identify the internal and external factors which affect China’s strategic context and security
Define the security and strategic context of China and identify UK Defence Policy relevance
Analysis of China looking at the internal and external factors:
Look at elements UK Defence Policy and show the SWOT analysis for these factors
The long term aims of the state and the means of achieving them with relation to the unique situation of the country
The state of feeling safe, stable and free from fear or anxiety
UK Defence Policy
NSS identifies four Tier 1 events - 2 relevant
Hostile attacks on UK Cyber Space
International Military Crisis between states drawing in the UK, its allies and other states and non state actors
Maj Nick Colvin RE
Explain the implications for UK Defence Policy
Economical - Internal
Autocratic, atheistic, communist, capitalist and utilitarian
Corruption is endemic
Strong control over all aspects of life (Veg, 2015)
One Child Policy
No tolerance of dissent (Tuttle, 2015)
Political - Internal
Politics - External
Weak Foreign policy - Non interference and protection of "Sovereign" territory
Cause of uncertainty internationally in the Pacific Rim due to aggressive land and sea claims
Largest armed force in the region and world (2.3million personnel with $112 billion budget (Tan, 2014))
Ties with SCO, South America, Russia and Africa
Strong cyber capability
Poor West relationship (Janes, 2015)
Controlled centrally by the Government
Reserves of $4,000 billion (Obbema, 2015)
Extensive use of credit to boost national development (Lardy, 2015)
Growth gone from 10% to 7% this summer (Angang, 2015)
Economic - External
Supported the global economy since 2008 (Tan, 2014)
Free trade agreements with Africa and South America
Heavily Reliant on overseas resources for materials and energy (Janes, 2015)
Competing with US in Pacific for influence
Self Censorship - Great Fire Wall of China (Veg, 2015)
Under-development outside Beijing and Shanghai (Tan, 2014)
Strong Nationalist feeling and desire for Western Products (Obbema, 2015)
Discrimination against minorities and poor (Youwei, 2015)
Social - Internal
Social - External
Heavily controlled society - nationalistic and human rights concerns (Tan, 2014)
Insular country - hard to reach the people
Chinese prevalent round the world - linked with espionage (Obbema, 2015)
International interest in education
UK Defence Policy Implications
Good trade opportunities - access to Commonwealth and infra projects
Still a credible nation - Soft and Hard Power
Counter Cyber capability
Strong ties with US, Japan, South Korea and India (Warren, 2014)
Competing for resources
Militarily small by comparison
Cyber security compromise
Strong ties with US, Japan etc.
China's strategic context and security factors
UK Defence Policy Implications
Strengths - Trade, influence, international relations
Weaknesses - Economy, military, cyber, international relations
Opportunities - Western culture, Investment, Education
Threats - infrastructure investment, Cyber, Territorial expansion
Western culture exportable - BBC, fashion (Warren, 2014)
Regional Power - AIIB, SCO membership
UK key Infrastructure may become vulnerable
China territorial expansion
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Janes. China - Executive Summary. 30 September 2015. https://janes.ihs.com/CustomPages/Janes/DisplayPage.aspx?ItemId=1303135&Pubabbrev=CNA (accessed October 6, 2015).
Lardy, Nicholas R. "False Alarm on Crisis in China." The New York Times, 26 August 2015.
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Veg, Sebastian. "New Spaces, New Controls: China's Embryonic Public Sphere." Current History, September 2015: 203-209.
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