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Vocabulary Prezi

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Matthew Cox

on 30 May 2014

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Transcript of Vocabulary Prezi

Definition of Vocabulary:
Vocabulary- Difficulty of language in text (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 240)
Vocabulary Prezi for Middle School
Vocabulary in Middle School

By: Matthew James Cox
Taking a Closer Look at Strategies
Concept of Definition Map
Miller, M., & Veatch, N. (2012).
Literacy in Context (LinC): Choosing Instructional Strategies to Teach Reading in Content Areas for Students Grades 5-12
. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Concept of Definition Map
Combining words with visual images
A type of semantic mapping: Uses lines and geometric shapes to show the relationship between concepts and sub-concepts
Helps build a broad, multi-dimensional meaning of a word
Goals of Instruction for Teaching Vocabulary Successfully
Goal 1: Build full concept knowledge
Strategies for Instruction that Support Goals
Goal 1: Build Full Concept Knowledge
"Research in reading has consistently shown the strong, positive relationship between reading comprehension and vocabulary knowledge. Adolescents' comprehension can be challenged or strengthened by the difficulty of language in content area text. Proficient reading requires a complete and flexible knowledge of vocabulary words. Words in content texts might be familiar, but their meanings change when they appear in different context. To succeed with content area text, adolescents need to build their vocabularies as they build conceptual understanding" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 3)
Goal 2: Teach Words in a Meaningful Context
Goal 3: Encourage Independent Use of Strategies
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 13)
Concept of Definition Map
Semantic Feature Analysis
Pre-teaching Vocabulary
Goal 2: Teach Words in a Meaningful Context
Vocabulary Rating Guide
Vocabulary Visits
Goal 3: Encourage Independent Use of Strategies
Word Analysis
Contextual Redefinition
Dictionary Use
Personal Dictionary
Vocabulary Visits
Word Analysis
Personal Dictionary
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 13)
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p.13)
Three Components
Category: What is it?
Properties: What's it like?
Illustrations: What are some examples?
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 15)
Concept of Definition Map
Research Behind the Strategy
Concept of Definition Map
Internet Resources for Concept Definition Mapping
Video Example of Concept Definition Maps
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 15)
(http://teacher.scholastic.com/reading/bestpractices/vocabulary/pdf/tr_AllConcept.pdf, 2002, p. 3)
Examples of Concept Definition Map
Procedure for CD Maps:
1) Choose a term from the curriculum
2) Define the word- What is it?
3) Describe the properties of the word- What is it like? (Include synonyms for the word)
4) Provide examples for the word- Illustrations, words, or descriptions
Variations to CD Maps:
Frayer Method- Students add examples and non-examples to the definition
Visual Association Chart- Students add images beyond the definition to help visualize the word's meaning.
Vocabulary Note Cards- Define and provide properties, examples, and non-examples for targeted words.
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 16)
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p.16 & 17)
Three effective strategies to build full concept knowledge include: Concept Definition Map, Semantic Feature Analysis, and Pre-teaching Vocabulary (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 15)
Definition of concept Knowledge
"Full Concept Knowledge: I understand the word and can use it flexibly in most contexts" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 14).
Reason behind using CD Maps
"Studies suggest that an effective way to build conceptual understanding is to combine words with visual images" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p.15)
"A Concept Definition Map, helps build a broad, multidimensional meaning of a word" (Miller & veatch, 2012, p. 15)
"Building full conceptual knowledge of a new or familiar, targeted vocabulary in each of the content areas is critical to proficiency" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 14)
Word Bugs & Word Flowers Video
Example lesson plan using CD Mapping
Examples of CD Mapping
Six steps to teaching vocabulary effectively
Definition and steps to CD Mapping
Different concept maps
Categorizing related vocabulary words
Connecting familiar words with new words
Happens before, during, and after reading
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25)
Before Reading- Teacher writes word/topic on board
Students list words that relate to the topic/word- Teacher may provide word list
Students organize words into groups with commonalities
Students label each category/group of words
During Reading- Studetns read while looking for words they categorized
After Reading- Students look over words and eliminate words that no longer fit and regroup based on what they learned from the reading
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25)
Research Behind the Strategy
Teaches words in meaningful context
Encourages students to use inductive reasoning to categorize vocab words
Expands their conceptual understanding of vocabulary
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25)
Internet Resources for List-Group-Label
6 Steps to teaching vocabulary words effectively
Video resource for List-Group-Label
Open and Closed Word Sort Videos
List-Group-Label definition, procedure, and benefits
List-Group Label definition, procedure, video example of applying strategy, books to use with this strategy, research that supports the strategy
Definition of List-Group-Label, examples how to implement it in mathematics, and reasoning behind using it.
List-Group-Label sample lesson plan and template
Vocabulary Visits
Highlighting vocab words that surround a field trip or field experience
Teaches words in a meaningful context
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25 & 27)
Before Reading- collect materials and photos that represent the experience/trip
Have students look at the text, materials, and photos to come up with vocab words that correlate with the experience.
Visit the sight/trip while bringing the materials along to help make connections for the students. Have the students add new vocab words to the list during the trip.
Have the students group and label the vocab list created
During Reading- Have the students signal when they hear a vocab word from the list being used. Add new vocab words that belong to the list
After Reading- Use the vocab words created to do word studies or other activities
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25 & 26)
Vocabulary Visits
Research Behind the Strategy
Builds context for new words in a meaningful way
Builds connections between abstract concepts and tangible objects or realia
Shown to increase vocab knowledge at the elementary and middle school level
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 25)
Websites for Vocabulary Visits
Video for Vocabulary Visits
Analogy Hangman Video- Could be used to create vocab list from prior knowledge prior to taking field trip
Description of digital vocabulary visits
Definition of vocabulary visits-virtual tours, example of a vocabulary visit, article about the importance of vocab visits
Provides ideas on how to help select vocab words for students. This information can be used to help create meaningful vocab lists for the vocab visits
Provides information on brainstorming; which could be used to activate prior knowledge for students prior to vocab visits.
This sight provides ideas on how to make reading more meaningful. It gives ideas on how to introduce text and how to better make text connections. This information is important to keep in mind when doing vocab visits.
Word Analysis
Dissecting word parts to find meanings
Within syllables are the clues to word meaning
Morphological Analysis-using word parts to determine the meaning of unknown words
Word Sorts- Vocab strategy where words are sorted into categories based on word structure
Prepare word sort- Choose prefixes and words that contain certain affixes for students to sort; copy student lists and have them cut the words apart
Have the students sort the words into groups- discuss the prefixes and word meanings
Repeat the sort for additional practice
Cut the prefixes off and have the students resort to make new words
Word Hunt- Have the students look for the words in text
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 29)
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 29 & 30)
Word Analysis
Research Behind the Strategy
"The meanings of over 60 percent of multisyllabic words can be determined by knowing the meaning of word parts" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 29)
Understanding the meaning of affixes, prefixes, suffixes, roots, and base words can help students decipher the meaning of unfamiliar words.
Morphological analysis is important because it allows students to see patters of words and word families.
Research shows that word sorts are effective to teach affixes.
Repeated exposure to word parts helps students determine meanings of unknown words, helps them read words in text, and helps aid in comprehension.
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 29)
Websites for Word Analysis
Video for Word Analysis
Scrabble Video- The scrabble website could be used to create word sorts with common prefixes, affixes, suffixes, root words, etc. It will help generate new words for the word lists.
Word sorts with pre-fixes, affixes, suffixes for grades K-5. These word sorts could be used at the middle school level for struggling readers.
A program that provides different levels of word sorts to help aid in spelling
Definition of word sorts and procedure for implementing word sorts.
Prezi created on word sorts for middle school
Provides reading material on word sorts for middle school and describes the importance of word sorts
Personal Dictionary
Record of words that a person doesn't know, but wants to understand.
The student records words as they read, provides the definition of the word along with the context in which the word was discovered.
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 32)
The teacher models how to monitor understanding of vocabulary while reading
Teacher demonstrates what to do when coming to an unknown word. (Teacher records the word, the page, and paragraph numbers in the personal dictionary.)
Students add to the dictionary daily
Provide opportunities to expand vocabulary through use of dictionary- ex. direct instruction, sharing with partner, etc.
Students bring dictionary home to write down words from assignments
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 32)
Personal Dictionary
Research Behind the Strategy
"When students are asked to track their word learning, they are thought to be increasing their word consciousness, or their awareness of the features of words and language" (Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 32).
Can be used across content areas
This independent strategy helps students develop skills for the classroom, deepen content knowledge, and continue to develop their vocabulary.
(Miller & Veatch, 2012, p. 33)
Websites for Personal Dictionary
Video for Personal Dictionary
Variation on Thesaurus Activity Video- This activity could be used in addition to the personal dictionary. Students could create a thesaurus from their personal dictionary.
Provides 6 steps for teaching vocab words effectively. One of the steps describes defining the words and sharing definitions with a partner.
This website gives different dictionary activities that could be used with personal dictionaries.
Personal Dictionary printable template
Merriam dictionary online for students to look up definitions of words for their personal dictionary
Oxford dictionary activities to help students become familiar with using dictionaries
Miller, M., & Veatch, N. (2012).
Literacy in Context (LinC): Choosing Instructional Strategies to Teach Reading in Content Areas for Students Grades 5-12
. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Scholastic (2002). Using a Concept Definition Map. Retrieved from http://teacher.scholastic.com/reading/bestpractices/vocabulary/pdf/tr_AllConcept.pdf

Reading Educator (1999). Concept Definition Mapping. Retrieved from http://www.readingeducator.com/strategies/concept.htm

The George Lucas Education Foundation (2014). Doing it Differently: Tips for Teaching Vocabulary. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/blog/vocabulary-instruction-teaching-tips-rebecca-alber

Scholastic (2002). Using a Concept Definition Map. Retrieved from http://teacher.scholastic.com/reading/bestpractices/vocabulary/pdf/concept.pdf

Education Oasis (2011). Vocabulary Development and Concept Graphic Organizers. Retrieved from http://www.educationoasis.com/curriculum/GO/vocab_dev.htm

Virginia Department of Education (2012). Vocabulary Videos. Retrieved from http://www.doe.virginia.gov/instruction/english/middle/vocabulary/index.shtml#\

WETA Washington (2014). All About Adolescent Literacy: Resource for Parentss and Educators of Kids in Grades 4-12. Retrieved from http://www.adlit.org/strategies/19780/

WETA (2014). Reading Rockets: List-Group-Label. Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/strategies/list_group_label

West Virginia Department of Education. List Group Label. Retrieved from http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/List-Group-Label.html

Engelbrecht, Teri. List Group Label http://www.crazyteacherlady.com/uploads/5/1/4/8/5148626/list_group_label.pdf

International Reading Association (2005). Vocabulary Visits: Virtual Field Trips for Content Vocabulary Development. Retrieved from http://fall12lited48.wikispaces.com/file/view/Vocabulary+Visits-+Virtual+field+trips+for+content+vocabulary+development.pdf/376589138/Vocabulary+Visits-+Virtual+field+trips+for+content+vocabulary+development.pdf

Learning Point Associates (2014) Adolescent Literacy: Learning Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.learningpt.org/literacy/adolescent/strategies/brainstorm.php

ASCD (2014). Strategies for Teen Readers. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct05/vol63/num02/Strategies-for-Teen-Readers.aspx

Learning A-Z. Word Sorts. Retrieved from http://www.readinga-z.com/vocabulary/word-sorts/
Minneapolis Public Schools. Words Their Way: Word Sorts. Retrieved from http://northrop.mpls.k12.mn.us/words_their_way_spelling_sorts_lists

Prezi Inc. (2014). Word Sorts in Middle School. Retrieved from http://prezi.com/lrys6qg9unge/word-sorts-in-middle-school/

Think Map (2014). Sorting it Out: Word Sorts for Secondary Students. Retrieved from http://www.visualthesaurus.com/cm/wordshop/sorting-it-out-word-sorts-for-secondary-school-students/

Education World (2014). All About Words! Dictionary Activities. Retrieved from http://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/lesson/lesson206.shtml

Reading Resource Net (2009). Vocabulary Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.readingresource.net/support-files/vocabularydictionary.pdf

Merriam-Webster (2014). Merriam Webster. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/middle%20school

Oxford University Press (2014). 11+ Activities. Retrieved from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/11-activities
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