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Elizabethan medical beliefs and practices
Rohit Singhon 1 October 2012
Transcript of Elizabethan medical beliefs and practices
BLOOD – AIR
PHLEGE – WATER
YELLOWBILE – FIRE
BLACKBILE – EARTH
All 4 of these humors, or vital fluids, are present in the bloodstream in varying quantities:
Blood, or the Sanguine humor, is the red, hemoglobin – rich portion. Phlegm, or the Phlegmatic humor, is present as the clear plasma portion.
Yellow Bile, or the chloric humor, is present as a slight yellowish tint.
Black Bile, or the Melancholic humor, is present as a brownish grew sediment with platelets and clotting factors. Beliefs during the Elizabethan time. The three main organs in the body according to Elizabethans were the heart, liver, and brain The liver was considered the great blood-forming nutrition-giving organ from which the four humours and natural spirits arose. The liver was also considered the origin of the veins which spread throughout every part of the body. The circulation of blood through these veins was a separate and closed system. The blood flow was considered to be in a static state versus that of a continuously current propelled by what we now know today as the heart. Elizabethans believed the heart to be the centre and seat of life. The arterial system accompanied the heart and transported vital spirits throughout the body. who were the sergeons Inferior to physicians, these had a similar reputation to barbers whom they associated with and belonged to the company of barber surgeons. what were the clothes of the physicians All of his body is completely covered from head to foot, even his face by the ghastly mask. Stout boots and gloves covered his hands and feet. Elizabethan Physicians wore long dark robes with pointed hoods, leather gloves, boots, and the most bizarre masks featuring long beaks which were filled with begamot oil. Amulets of dried blood and ground-up toads were worn at the waists of the Elizabethan Physicians. It was their custom to douse themselves with vinegar and chew angelica before approaching a victim. Vocabulary 1.http://www.faqs.orgs/childhood/Pa-pe/Pediatrics.html
WORK CITED a.Medical scholars and the general public agreed that the balance of various body humors was the key to maintaining health. Specific diseases were thought to occur when the humors were out of balance. If the blood ran high during fevers. Then cutting open a vein or applying leeches was a logical response. With generally high mortality rates, most people were resigned to the frequent deaths of children and young adults. 1.Phlegmatic : Having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.
2.Ghastly: shockingly frightful or dreadful; horrible.
3.Mortality: The quality or condition of being mortal.
4.Stout: bulky in figure.
5.Metabolic: Relating to metabolism, the whole range of biochemical processes that occur within us.