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Terrorism Presentation

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Zephyr Lily

on 19 February 2013

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Transcript of Terrorism Presentation

Exploring the mind of a terrorist. Shrvani Balaji Al-Qaeda The United States. Middle Eastern Terrorists. Al- Jihad U.S. Bureau of Counterterrorism Plans for the Future Bibliography Hammas primary mission: "forge partnerships with non-state actors, multilateral organizations, and foreign governments to advance the counterterrorism objectives and national security of the United States" Death of Osama Bin Laden has been a very encouraging step for President Obama "Chapter 2, Terrorist Motivations and Behaviors." A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. N.p., n.d. Web. What is Terrorism? Profiling a Terrorist. How have the motives of terrorism developed through the years? Modern Aspects that Advocate Terrorism Terrorist Group Dynamics A premeditated act of violence as a means of coercion. -Requires massive planning beforehand
-Extreme dedication to the cause National-Separatist Terrorists dedicated to the overthrow of an established order Ethnocentric Terrorists who see race as the defining aspect of acceptance Revolutionary Terrorists with the goal of achieving independence and a free nation from some entity Religious Terrorists whose motives are influenced by religious morals and beliefs Goal to replace governance with a new political or social structure Often considered an extreme of rebellion or protest Example: the Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims Used as a catalyst to impel change -secretive organization carrying out missions against enemies who oppose the forceful liberation of Palestine motivated by the 'ethnic cleansing' of decimating other races For example: The Ku Klux Klan U.S. organization that advocated white supremacy, anti-communism, and anti-Catholicism recognized as the most dangerous form of terrorism, because of a terrorist's true, often blind dedication to the cause Religious terrorists often see aspects in extremes: 'black and white,' 'evil and good' and are willing to resort to mass destruction and suicide to achieve their goals For example: Al Qaeda is a prominent religious terrorist organization very loyal to their people and nation, they view government and authorities as a main obstacle Examples include he Liberation Tigers of Tamil Ealam (LTTE), Provisional Irish Republic Army, Basque Fatherland and Liberty (of Spain) religious and national-separatist terrorism has peaked over purely political terrorism suicide bombers and 'self-sacrifice' is becoming more and more common How have the motives of terrorism developed through the years? In the early 1900's, history shows that terrorists were averse to using Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) In recent years, violence and destruction (using WMDs) is accepted and plausible option to make a point- as a strong retaliation and show-off of power Less terrorists are taking credit for their acts, and more are satisfied with personally knowing they committed the deed Terrorists wanted to convince the public of their motives, not scare them away
urbanization (condensed population)
transportation system (to escape the country)
communications measures
weapons availability
hackable security Terrorism is easier because... New Recruits young adults who want a sense of belonging and self-importance people who are bred to hate, and were fed strong views through childhood experts with a certain skill useful to the group Terrorist Group Psychology total commitment from every member is required Or else a member is potentially dangerous to the group's welfare strong terrorist groups tend to have a collective identity rather than individual identities of every member Every member will feed of the leader and one another and replace his original identity with the group's terrorists who feel guilt or remorse displace their feelings to other members Leaders will blame the functionaries Individual Beliefs terrorists wholly believe their actions are justified often refer to themselves as soldiers, liberators, martyrs, or freedom fighters terrorists are not usually mentally ill state of mind is important and require for group missions terrorists feel satisfied and proud that they represent their cause A Global Militant Islamic Organization Founded by Osama Bin Laden -fearless leader and army commander until expelled from Islam -attacked civilian and military targets in various countries -principal goal of driving U.S. armies out of Saudi Arabia ultimately wanted to break all foreign influences from Muslim countries Osama Bin Laden was killed in 2012 by U.S. Navy Seal. However, Al-Qaeda is still active Islamic Resistance Movement formed at the beginning of the first Palestinian Intifada goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel has a paramilitary arm, which has conducted many anti-Israeli attacks in Israel and the Palestinian territories Recent actions: formed an interim government with Fatah (Palestinian organization) Egyptian Islamic Group primary goal: over throw Egyptian gov't and replace it with an Islamic state, but soon broadened enemies to U.S. merged with Al-Qaeda and suffered setbacks when their group was compromised Bombed Egyptian Embassy in 1995 provides foreign nations with counterterrorism training and assistance ANTI-TERRORISM ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (ATA) COUNTERTERRORISM PREPAREDNESS PROGRAM national level exercises to prepare nations multiple preemptive plans and programs will be created to assure the safety of the public Obama administration is keeping track of terrorists' whereabouts, top secret information COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM (CVE) program focusing on communicating to the public about Al-Qaeda and other middle eastern extremists FOREIGN EMERGENCY SUPPORT TEAM (FEST) emergency team poised to respond to worldwide terrorist threats and incidents "Terrorism RESEARCH." Terrorist Goals and Motivations. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "Understanding Terrorism." Understanding Terrorism. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "The Cause of Terrorism." The Cause of Terrorism. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "THE SOCIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY OF TERRORISM: WHO BECOMES A TERRORIST AND WHY?" The Library of Congress, n.d. Web. "Al Qaeda." - The New York Times. N.p., 13 Feb. 2013. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement) - Terrorist Groups." HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement) - Terrorist Groups. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "Al-Jihad." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. "Programs and Initiatives." U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. Suspected targets and operatives from CBS News
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