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THE ROMAN CONQUEST OF GREAT BRITAIN
Transcript of THE ROMAN CONQUEST OF GREAT BRITAIN
Where and why was Hadrian's wall built?
Invasion to England
In 55 BC, the Romans try to conquest Britain and led his army across the sea from Gaul to Britain to make it part of Rome’s empire.
the roman conquest of great Britain
The British Celts fought bravely twice but they couldn't defeat them.
In A.D 43 the Romans sent an army to invade Britain which had four legions. This time the Romans conquered the southern half of Britain, and made it part of the Roman Empire.
When and why did the Romans invade England?
Britain was an afterthought. It was not about economics. Rome's rulers were already the richest men in history. Nor was it about military security.
Before the Romans invaded, Celts lived in Britain, in tribes ruled by kings or chiefs. Chiefs often fought one another. A chief would lead his warriors into battle in chariots pulled by horses. For defense against enemies, they built forts on hilltops. These hill-forts had earth banks and wooden walls.
In Celtic Britain the people were farmers living in villages. They made round houses from wood and mud, with Thatched roofs. There were no roads. People travelled by boats on rivers, or along muddy paths. Some British Celts crossed the sea to trade with other Celts in the Roman Empire.
After the Romans leave, they left behind a changed country. Britain had roads and towns. It had new plants and animals, such as parsley, sweet chestnut and chickens. Measurements (miles, feet and inches) still used by many people come from the Romans.
The Romans also introduced Christianity to Britain. Many churches are still built using designs like a Roman Basilica.
Hadrian’s Wall was built in the first century, from about AD 122 to 410. It ran between the River Tyne and the Solway Firth.
This was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia. It was built to keep economic stability and create conditions for peace in the Roman province of Britannia south wall, and physically to mark the border of the Roman Empire.