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Folklore

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Jennifer Bussey

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of Folklore

Fairy Tales, Tall Tales, Fables, Legends, Myths, and Folklore
Folklore
Why do we care?
history and tradition
the basis for many new stories
stories help us understand our world
Folklore consists of:
Fairy Tales
Tall Tales
Fables
Myths
Folk Tales
A short story that comes from an oral tradition
What is an "oral tradition?"
Folktales often feature stories about every day life.
Characteristics of Folktales:
Instructive - warn readers about the dangers of certain types of behaviors or attitudes
Examples:
"The Three Little Pigs"
"The Seventh Sister"
Fairy Tales
How are they different from folk tales?
Very similar to folk tales, except fairy tales involve MAGIC!
Important Lesson
Fairy tales and folk tales involve one of the main characters learning an important lesson
Gross!
Like folk tales, many fairy tales began as gruesome stories that have been watered down for children.

Example: In the original Cinderella, the evil stepsisters cut off their toes in order to fit their feet into the glass slipper
Fables
Fiction stories that have been passed down
Ex: The Tortoise and the Hare -
lesson: slow and steady wins the race
Ex: The Lion and the Mouse,
The Raven and the Swan
Greek author, lived around 600 B.C.
most famous fable writer = Aesop
most often have animals as main characters
teach a moral or a lesson
What makes a fable?
ALWAYS has a moral
Short story
Myths
another type of folklore
often feature characters who are "divine"
stories about how the world came to be
How to Identify a Myth:
characters are gods
most common myths feature Greek or Roman gods
stories are linked to spiritual things
stories are considered to be true by those who believe the religion
Ex: Greek people believed Greek myths to be the true story of how the world was formed
Legends
stories about a person or a place
can be a real person or a fictitious person
Legends
include things that can be perceived as actually being possible
No Magic
events could actually happen without the aid of magic
Can include miracles and wonders, but are overall realistic
History Lesson
give a sort of history lesson about a civilization's history passed down in oral tradition
Common Examples
King Arthur
Robin Hood
The Fountain
of Youth
Review:
Fairy Tales = magic
Fables = morals
Myths = gods
Legends = believable, history
Folk Tales = oral tradition
Last Type!
Yay :)
All of these stories have elements to them which have been exaggerated through the years of being passed down, but they are all totally believable.
The End
Legends
Folk Tales
before stories were written down, they were passed down through generations through storytelling
Characters are stereotypes - example: the thief, the liar, the trickster, the clever young person, etc.
Structure is repetitive. Often times the same phrase, events, or ideas are repeated. This made it easier for people to memorize the stories and pass them down before the stories were ever written down.
When trying to think of fairy tales,
think Disney movies
Ex: Cinderella, Snow White,
Peter Pan, etc.
Examples of Myths:
Hercules
Zeus
The Twelve Titans
Tall Tales
a story that seems unbelievable, but is told in a way that makes you believe
often includes extreme exaggerations of actual events
Examples include:
Johnny Appleseed
Paul Bunyan
John Henry
Davy Crockett
The End
Full transcript