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Transcript of Child Abuse
Child Abuse Protection and Treatment Act
" A small child has more chance of being killed or severely injured by its parents than by anyone else. For children, the home is often the most dangerous place to be" (Collins and Coltrane, 1995: 476-477 as cited in Zinn, Eitzen, & Wells, 2008, p. 375).
Used by nine out of ten parents
Problem: Considered as acceptable behavior
The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) is the main piece of federal legislation addressing child abuse. It puts forth a framework for defining types of child abuse and enables federal assistance for preventing, identifying, and treating child abuse nationwide.
CAPTA was enacted in 1974 and has been amended and rewritten several times.
Provides minimum federal guidelines they must use in defining child maltreatment
Four categories of child maltreatment:
2. Physical Abuse
3. Sexual Abuse
4. Emotional Abuse
Major Concern for Parents
By: Daniela Mercado
What is child abuse?
"The distinctive acts of violence and nonviolence and acts of omission and commission that place children at risk" (Gelles, 1976:136)
At what point does punishment become excessive?
Types of Abuse
Often times it is something cultural and the parents might be mistaken for committing child abuse
It becomes excessive when parents start to use things such as cables, shoes, hangers, belts, and wooden spoons
Consequences: Children can be taken away from them and the parents can be imprisoned
It is important for counselors, social workers, health practitioners, and the courts because it can put the child's health and safety at risk
There was once a man who bought a new car together with his wife and little boy. While the dad left to do some errands, the little boy was in back playing with his colors and painted the seats of his dad's new car. When his dad came and saw what he had done, out of anger he was yelling at the boy and with his car keys he began to hit him on his hands until the mom stopped him. Out of pain, the child fainted and was taken to the hospital.
At the hospital, the doctor came and told the child's parents that he was going to lose his hands. Realizing what he had done, the father crying apologized to his little boy.
The boy then told his father that he promises that he won't behave bad again and that he will never paint his car again.
They believe that spanking their child will consider them as an abuser
They should have little to fear from authorities
Spanking doesn't actually teach children anything for some parents
Psychologists recommend other forms of positive and negative reinforcement such as time-outs, rather than corporal punishment