Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Using Drones in Tree Care: What You Need to Know

ISA Ft Worth Workshop August 13, 2016
by

Dan Staley

on 5 October 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Using Drones in Tree Care: What You Need to Know

Using Drones in Tree Care:

Dan Staley
Principal, Analemma Resources LLC

Use the element:
Ceate a unique design:
What You Need to Know
Using Drones in Tree Care:
What you need to know
ISA Tree Academy Workshop
Aug. 13, 2016 9:00 - 12:00
Dan Staley
http://danstaley.net
staley.dan@gmail.com
All presentations on Prezi.com (search 'Dan Staley')
August 13, 2016
ISA Tree Academy Workshop
Ft Worth, TX, USA

Business Decisions with Drones
Purchase and Train, or Hire a Pilot?
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
VTOL
Hycopter
Spot inspections
Flot Systems consortium
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
Spot inspections
Data company
fixed-wing platform
LiDAR
Multispectral flown with --->
Likely Tools For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
LiDAR
Multispectral flown with --->
Predictive vegetation growth modeling
Drone Arboriculture Recap
Flight near trees inherently risky - barrier to
adoption for some
Staley, D.C. (in press). Making a Business Decision for Drones: What you need to know. For
Arborist
News
(October 2016).

Staley, D.C. (in preparation). Making a Choice for Drone Arboriculture. For
Ontario Arborist
(Sept 2016).

Staley, D.C. (in preparation). Drone Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. For
City Trees
(December 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drone Arboriculture: Is it right for your operation? For
Ontario Arborist
(June/July 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care: Right for your operation?
Tree Care Industry Magazine
. 27:7
pp 24-29.

Staley, D.C. 2016. How to Market to the Tree Care Industry and Landscape Industry.
sUAS News
Special Supplement
(August 2016).

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and Tree Care Operations.
Tree Services Magazine
. 12:4 pp 18-23.

Staley, D.C. 2016. UVM and UAVs: A new way forward.
Transmission and Distribution World Magazine.
April 2016 pg. 17.

Staley, D.C. 2016. Drones and the future of Utility Vegetation Management.
Utility Arborist Newsline
.
March-April 2016 pp. 31-32.

Staley, D.C. 2015. Drones & Tree Care: Who is using them, how, and why?
Tree Care Industry Magazine

26:12 pp. 8-14.

Hammrich, T. and Staley, D. 2013. Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Arboriculture: Toward new heights.

Tree Care Industry Magazine
24:11 pp. 26-31.

UAS and Arboriculture
Staley, D.C. 2013. Urban Forests and Solar Power Generation - Partners in urban heat island mitigation.

International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies
8:3 9 pp.

Staley, D.C. 2009. Increasing Green Infrastructure in Compact Develop
ments: Strategies for providing
ecologically beneficial greenery in modern urban built environments. IN: Proceedings of The Second
International Conference on Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands (SICCUHI)
, Berkeley CA, USA.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Your Next Opportunity: Solar-friendly tree care.
Tree Care Industry Magazine
25:7 pp.
22-23.

Staley, D.C. 2014. Solar Rights and Tree Rights are Compatible.
Renewable, Alternative and Distributed
Energy Resources Newsletter.
2:2 pp. 13-15. American Bar Ass'n, Washington, D.C.

DuVivier, K.K. and Staley, D.C. 2013. Managing the Dark Side of Trees.
Solar Today
27:5 pp. 27-31.

Staley D.C. 2012. Solar-Smart Arboriculture in the New Energy Economy.
Arborist News
20:3 4 pp.

Arboriculture and Urban Heat Island, Rooftop Solar Power, Urban Design
Agenda
Chad Frazer: Basics, Capabilities, Ideas
Current Related Uses, Near-future Uses
Historical UAV Connections
Radioplane Munitions Factory, 1944
OQ-2 Radioplane, the first mass-produced U.S. UAV - Photo: PFC David Conover
Norma Jeane Dougherty
Capt. Ronald Reagan
Generally performed in developed, populated
areas in cities - sometimes rural areas
Getting Started, Getting Up to Speed
Current Legal Situation and Privacy
Costs of Typical Aircraft and Systems
Pilots As An Option
Agenda
Show and Tell
Discussion
Chad Frazer: Basics, Capabilities, Ideas
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Uses Relevant to Drone Arboriculture Today and in
Near-future:
Video and still imagery
Infrared-Near Infrared (IR - NIR) imagery
Real Estate, inspections, Videography
Plant water stress, building efficiency, PV panel
inspections, Search and Rescue, wildlife
monitoring...
Multispectral imagery
Precision Agriculture: Normalized Difference
Vegetation Index (NDVI), some pollution
monitoring
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Video and still imagery
Infrared-Near Infrared (IR - NIR) imagery
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Plant water stress, building efficiency, PV panel inspections, Search
and Rescue, wildlife monitoring...
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Multispectral imagery
Precision Agriculture: Normalized Difference Vegetation
Index (NDVI)
Current Uses, Near-future Uses
Video and still imagery
Near-future Uses
Near-future Expectations
Utility Vegetation Management
Urban forest spray operations
Urban forest pest monitoring
Throwlines
Near-future Uses
Utility Vegetation Management
Disruptive technology
Inspections will be by drone in near-future
when Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS)
approved
LiDAR and Multispectral will be flown together for
precise data and predictive modeling
Common in EU, companies waiting to come into US,
Canada the day BVLOS rules approved
Near-future Uses
Utility Vegetation Management
Data company
fixed-wing platform
No clear indicator from utility side whether they will:
Make inspection (UAV flights) in-house
Allow UVM companies to keep inspection
Let third party company fly, collect and analyze
Utility Vegetation Management
Near-future Uses
Likely Technologies For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
VTOL
Likely Technologies For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
Big Data and Internet of Things (IoT) will become important
tools for UVM and Utility Arboriculture
Near-future Uses
Urban forest spray operations
If you are a drone company that flies many missions a week, you are a Big Data company. Data drives the usefulness of drone technology
Aircraft are just a tool to collect data. In 20 years, something else entirely could be collecting data
Precision agriculture revolutionizing spraying
In an urban context, one drone maps where the
tree is sprayed, then spray drone applies
chemical. Little overspray, little waste, much
trust by the homeowner.
Much more accurate and fast monitoring
Near-future Uses
Urban forest spray operations
Too early to tell which models will win out
Urban forest pest monitoring
Near-future Uses
Municipal-scale fixed-wing and rotor-wing drone
flights to detect and monitor pests, invasives,
citations
Rapid deployment, local businesses hired to fly
and analyze, regular monitoring for a fraction
of the cost
Spillovers: disaster response, inventory,
marketing/education
Urban forest pest monitoring
Near-future Uses
Throwlines
Near-future Uses
Getting Started, Getting Up to Speed
Getting Started
Budget
Skill Assessment
Flight and Flight Ops
People Skills
Good and Bad - mostly good
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Getting Started
Budget
Starter Aircraft (1 or 2)
Getting Started
Budget
Starter Aircraft (1 or 2)
Either a micro-drone and/or a cheap knockoff
Choose one with a controller that is comfortable for you
Heavier aircraft for wind, control, similarity
You want to see what the camera is shooting
Getting Started
Budget
Where to Buy?
On-line fine, but locally will be more helpful
Getting Started
Budget
Starter Aircraft Indoor Flight
Stay away from favorite plants
No pets, china, tender lamp shades
Starter aircraft not as stable or
controllable as larger craft - don't
get discouraged, just learn controls
for now
Getting Started
Budget
Intermediate Aircraft Outdoor Flight
Do not fly near airports (more later)
Light wind only
Know maximum flight distance (flyaway)
10-30 hours on this bird until you are
confident (take your kids to the
park or use when camping)
Getting Started
Budget
Part of your budget at the beginning is
buying training aircraft.

Why?

Crashing a $75.00 drone to learn how to fly
is much, much better than crashing a
$1500.00 drone to learn how to fly.
Getting Started
Budget
Where to Buy?
Craigslist might be OK
Member of local MeetUp, RC group
better (watch models fly live)
Getting Started
Skill Assessment
Flight and Flight Ops
People Skills
Good and Bad - mostly good
Getting Started
Skill Assessment
Flight and Flight Ops
Flying is not just connecting the battery
and firing her up to get it done
Flying integrates the conditions,
surroundings, aircraft, controller,
nearby people into the operation
Why many prefer "UAS" - Unmanned
Aerial SYSTEMS
Getting Started
Skill Assessment
Flight and Flight Ops
Everyone benefits from safe operations
Why tree care and drones fit well together
Getting Started
Skill Assessment
Flight and Flight Ops
Getting Started
Skill Assessment
People Skills
Good and Bad - mostly good
Two general categories
Curiosity (90-95%)
Privacy - git offa my lawn!
Getting Started
People Skills
Curiosity (90-95%)
New, newsworthy, is it a fad?,
exciting (racing), technology,
the future (driverless cars),
robots, noise, new viewpoint
(everyone wants to fly)
Getting Started
People Skills
Getting Started
People Skills
Curiosity (90-95%)
Come watch! but I'm a pilot and
flying a complex aircraft, so I
may have to pay attention to
what I'm doing at times
Bring your spouse and/or kids,
but no dogs please!
Getting Started
People Skills
Curiosity (90-95%)
Here's a brochure explaining what
we do, I'd be happy to come out
and look at your trees with this
one day....(elevator speech)
Getting Started
People Skills
Curiosity (90-95%)
You may be standing in the ROW - make safety an opportunity to discuss and advertise your company
Safety banner and safety vest,
helmet sticker, shirt
Privacy - git offa my lawn!
Remember: facts are rarely compelling
arguments to an angry person - don't
escalate
Remember: if you are not flying over
their property, you are not in the
wrong
Remember: these are valid concerns
for many people - me too
Getting Started
People Skills
Privacy - git offa my lawn!
Head off complaints at the pass:
Take 5 minutes and knock on the
neighbor's doors, make an elevator
speech about what you are doing
and give them a brochure about
what you are doing. The brochure
also has your services and contact
information. Leave brochure if no
one answers
Getting Started
People Skills
Privacy - git offa my lawn!
Head off complaints at the pass:
Come watch! to confirm I'm not
crazy, bring the family but no dogs,
please!
95% of the problems will be solved
right here.
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Technology moving faster than we can keep
up with - no one knows it all and we all
want to talk to others to see what they know
Pilots are more than glad to share
Fly-ins, demonstrations, FPV racing, SAR
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Technology moving so fast books and traditional
trade magazines inadequate for this task
Feedly: News reader (RSS feed)
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Technology moving so fast other media and
communication modes required
Current Legal Situation
Current Legal Situation
Current Legal Situation
Current Legal Situation
Property Rights Discussion
Commercial Rules - YAY!
Old way: Section 333
Part 107 (14 CFR Part 107)
Know Before You Fly
FAA estimate: ~$150 for Part 107 certification
14 CFR Part 107 Certification goes on your
business card with ISA, TRAQ, etc
Part 107 is all you need for typical urban drone
arboriculture
Visual line of sight, 400 feet above ground level,
not over people, during daylight, away from
airports
Many of your flights will be conducted from
private property where you are contracted
or requested for an estimate, or public ROW -
covered in Part 107
Private Property Rights:
Current Legal Situation
Commercial Rules - YAY!
All the links you need at end of this section
Private Property Rights are not chiseled in stone
tablets handed down from the clouds - they
are granted by societies at a given time
Private Property Rights in USA have changed
dramatically over time - airplanes at one time
could be excluded from private property
Current law is not 100% clear: property may end
at 83 feet above ground level. More guidance
needed (see links at end for much more)
Property Rights:
Random people cannot shoot down your drone
without penalty
Neighbors absolutely have valid concerns
We have a right to fly
You can make a difference here (resources at end)
Privacy, Etiquette, Rules of Thumb
Property Rights Discussion
Which surrounding properties do you think might be concerned by a drone arborist's flight to assess the front yard tree?
Which surrounding properties do you think might be concerned by a drone arborist's flight to assess the back yard tree?
Which doors do you knock on?
Which doors do you knock on?
Part 107 Certified Pilot
Current Legal Situation
Current Part 107 is lacking for some municipal
drone arboriculture work
BVLOS - Beyond Visual Line Of Sight
Some of your flights - inventory, pest monitoring -
will be flown BVLOS. Maybe rules for BVLOS will
be here in 2017
Chance you may have some work in restricted
airspace & tower coordination necessary
(often not an issue)
Current Legal Situation Links
FAA Civil Operations: https://www.faa.gov/uas/civil_operations/
Start with the basics: http://knowbeforeyoufly.org/
Excellent, deep privacy discussion if you are serious about this topic -
Drones and Aerial Surveillance:
http://www.gwlr.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/84-Geo.-Was.-L.-Rev.-354.pdf
Part 107 test prep: http://thedronegirl.com/2016/06/21/part-107-aeronautical-drone-test-heres-can-expect/
Drone Connections
Drone Equipment Costs
I do not represent any manufacturer
These are costs for the leading manufacturers and models,
plus some others that get buzz
Shop hard before you buy. DJI just lowered their prices the
week before this workshop
Some older models on eBay or Craigslist are a good
alternative if you aren't 100% sure - technology is much
older, so be careful (especially optics!)
Take your time!
Drone Equipment Costs
Some people swear by DJI ('the Microsoft of drones')
Others don't like the control DJI has
Important to understand where someone is coming from
when asking purchase advice
Leading ~5-8 manufacturers unquestionably drive the tech
and the features (and the price wars)
Be very careful of knockoffs (only for spares or training)
Drone Equipment Costs
Technology speed in this industry is faster than PC and
Smartphone development
Good analogue is DNA technology, studies of
'microbiome', LED lighting
Prices on sensors crashing, drones not so much - but new
features for each model roll-out are drastically better
Waiting for a better X or Y means someone else is acting
on what they have now, and your opportunity may be
missed
now
Drone Equipment Costs
Starter
Drone Equipment Costs
Starter
Drone Equipment Costs
Too many starter drones to list!
Read the reviews and go for it
Aircraft:
Spare parts:
Broken lampshade apology dinner:
US$75-100
$25
~US$125.00
Intermediate
Drone Equipment Costs
Representative Models
Compare with models with controls and features you prefer
Intermediate
Drone Equipment Costs
Aircraft:
Spare parts:
*Carrying case maybe a good idea - look during show & tell
US$150-200
$25-75*
~US$250.00
Working Drone Equipment Costs
Presentation order may differ by pilot
Working Drone Equipment Costs
Presentation order may differ by pilot
Working Drone Equipment Costs
Presentation order may differ by pilot
Working Drone Equipment Costs
Presentation order may differ by pilot
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Starter Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something that you hit indoors
Total: $100 - 125.00 (+$75.00)
(Nice dinner to thank spouse for patience)
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS
Working Drone Equipment Costs
ALL COSTS (~median price)
Intermediate Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something on aircraft from crash
Total: $225 - 325.00 (+$50.00)
(Ice cream after trips to park)
Carrying case so you won't drop something
again and have to replace
Training + Working Aircraft
Spare parts
Replace something on aircraft from crash
Total: $2000-2500.00
Sign 'aerial operations', vest, shirts
Carrying case
Insurance*
*Prices Dan has seen in social groups
Starter Aircraft
Intermediate Aircraft
Working Aircraft
US$100.00
$275.00
$2000.00
~US$2375.00
Price includes extras but not apology dinners, etc
Sensor Equipment Costs
IR-NIR sensors
2Q 2016 Representative Costs
Sensor Equipment Costs
IR-NIR sensors are specialty items for the golf and
landscape industries
Industry Readiness for Technologies
Golf industry is just ramping up (USGA), landscape industry
just learning about technology
That is: Golf is in early adoption phase, Landscape in discovery
phase
Multispectral sensors are just moving out of being specialty
items for agriculture
NDVI is just in discovery phase for urban constructed
landscapes, open space lands, etc
Sensor Equipment Costs
As of August 2016, it is too early to tell whether large ag.
companies will migrate to constructed landscapes. We
simply don't know whether:
Industry Readiness for Technologies
There is a market for these services today (or in 2017)
How far do equipment prices have to fall to make
competive pricing? By 2018? 2020?
The market will be big enough for large companies to enter
Therefore, use caution before investing, unless you have a
client ready to go today
Multispectral sensors
What You Need in a Work Drone
Easy to fly
Not something from a superhero movie
"Prosumer" drone
Not something used for TV or filmmaking
Something to do a
job or task
Something to look
cool to market your
company
What You Need in a Work Drone
"Prosumer" drone
Four images courtesy of Joris Voeten: Roofscapes
Spot inspections
LiDAR
Hycopter
Flot Systems consortium
Predictive vegetation growth modeling
Professionalism
Getting Started
Continuing Education & Skill Building
Instagram for images and comments
#dronestagram, #dronephotgraphy, #drone,
#dronephoto, #aerialview
Many years in the UAV profession
Contractor overseas on several UAV platforms
BS in Mechanical Engineering
Co-founder of one of the largest and most active UAV groups in the country
Expanded into a professional Search and Rescue team spinoff
Coincidence??
Increasing Complexity
3 images courtesy Bryan Archer Galaxy UAV
Courtesy Brad Haubrich: Drone-logic LLC
Dano's starter, on second airframe
"5-band"
Classification
In testing phase now. Electronic gate to drop line
(adds weight)
Field fabrication version: tie throwball to dental
floss, then fishing line, then throwline (floss
will break or slip if enough power is applied to
drone throttle)
Suggestion: have an image handy to show what
it
really
looks like from flight level
Very early stages of adoption
Time to train may be long for some, but makes you
more valuable in market (good for you, not
employers)
Drone Arboriculture Recap
Investment early on in this technology - changing
the face of agriculture now - depends on your
operation
Will it make your inspections and bids faster?
How many a week/month?
Will it increase your sales due to increased
visibility & personalization (can your staff pull
it off)?
Will it make your staff safer?
Investment in equipment could be worth it. No
rule of thumb!
Drone Arboriculture Recap
If you can't justify the risk or only need such
inspections every six weeks, look to a pilot
Pilot likely has all the skill you need, and more
Take 6 months or a year to see how it works before
investing
Pilot has the investment and risk built in to rates
Pilot may see something in the flight or operation
you don't
Pilots As An Option, Data Services
If you are only doing visual inspections for now,
you don't need data services
As soon as you get into inventory, IR-NIR,
multispectral, growth projections, etc, you need a
data partner - you can't do that data analysis in a
cost-effective way
Pilots As An Option, Data Services
Pilot rates are for:
Performing faster assessments, inspections, bids
Better piloting skill than you or staff
Avoiding (or forgoing) investment in equipment
Avoiding (or forgoing) risk of loss of equipment
Discussion, Show & Tell
DJI Phantom Series
Yuneec Typhoon H, Q500
3DR (3D Robotics) Solo
Other Competition
Phantom 4, Phantom 3 Advanced
Example: Technologies For T&D Data Collection and Analysis
Big Data and Internet of Things (IoT) will become important
tools for UVM and Utility Arboriculture
Works with GoPro Hero - make sure it comes with if you don't have one (if you
do, good price)
Xiro Xplorer models
Blade Chroma series
Autel X-star series
Drone Equipment
Caveats
Optical standards:
'Sense and Avoid' technology cannot see a branch or leaf
as of August 2016 - rudimentary but better than nothing
1080p (pixels), video 30 fps (frames per second)
~6mb images, large video file
2.7K or 4K imagery - 4K may require additional software
and/or hardware to process files
Quadcopter: will crash if a rotor touches a branch. Hexacopter: can reach ground or origin if a rotor touches
Full transcript