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Musical Theatre

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lisa liu

on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of Musical Theatre

Musical Theatre
Starring:
Fitzgerald
Jennifer
Lisa

c
h
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main components
libretto (Italian for "little book")
music & lyrics
story
character development
dramatic structure
spoken dialogue


usually consists of:
two act shows
6 main musical pieces
stories told through song
popular styles of music

different genres
opera
operetta
revue
variety show
vaudeville
burlesque
musical comedy
book musical
rock musical
jukebox musical
broadway
creators
director
producer
choreographer
musical director
technical director
stage manager

what is a musical?
definition
a musical is a stage, television, or film production featuring songs- and possibly dialogue- to either tell a story or showcase the talents of the writers and/or performers

musical theatre is a form of theatre that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting, and dance
scripts of musicals
music
lyrics
librettist
composer
lyricist
opera
started in italy 1590s
attempt to re-create the relationship between music and speech found in Greek tragedy
popular form
primary medium
picture frame stage
19th century with composers like Wagner, Mozart, Puccini, Rossini, and Handel

william s. gilbert
1836-1911
born in london november 18, 1863
librettist
wrote illustrated stories, poems, and articles
bab ballads
six operas for thomas german reed
comic opera
spoken dialogue and happy ending

developed from intermezzi

gilbert and sullivan operas
born london may 13, 1842

1856 first mendelsshon prize

performed at the crystal palace

arthur sullivan
1842-1900
"england's most promising young composers"
gilbert and sullivan
1871-1896 produced 14 comic operas

h.m.s pinafore
the pirates of penzance
the mikado

operetta
aka light opera
more popular in subject n' style
with spoken dialogue

from the french opéra comique
german
austria-hungary
loosely connected often satirical skits, songs, and dances

usually about recent events
revue
variety
variety of acts:
musical performances
+
sketch comedy

other types:
circus
animal
magic
vaudeville
1890-1920
descendant of variety

includes:
- comedians
- singers
- plate-spinners
- ventriloquists
- dancers
- musicians
- acrobats
-animal trainers
side note
american vaudeville grew out of the culture of incorporation that defined american life after the civil war.
from the italian burlesco or burla
- a joke, ridicule, or mockery
burlesque
literary, dramatic, or musical work
intended to cause laughter by caricaturing the manner or spirit of serious works
popular from 1860s-1940s
often in cabarets and clubs
featured bawdy comedy and female striptease
book musicals
most popular during 20th century

libretto

well-made story with serious dramatic goals

genuine emotions > laughter
examples
the black crook
showboat
oklahoma!
annie get your gun
the sound of music
west side story
guys and dolls
les miserables
march 31, 1943: opened at the st. james theatre
ran for 2,212 performances

set the standard for book musicals
milestone in its fusion of story, song, and dance
feature of dream ballet revealed main characters' hidden fears and desires
1944 received pulitzer prize
oklahoma!
showboat
jerome kern and oscar hammerstein II
december 27, 1947 opened at the ziegfield theatre
ran for 572 performances

combined operetta with native america music
deals with issues
unhappy marriages
racial prejudice
presented relationship between music and story
psychological motivation
african-americans in major roles

rock musicals
musical theatre with rock music
late 1960s became an important part of musical theatre

hair
grease
rent
spirit awakening
next to normal. the who's tommy
hair
barely discernible story
single setting
"hippie" dressed
strobe lighting
highly amplified sounds
first broadway production to include nudity and obscene language
jukebox musical
uses previously popular songs as musical score

songs have a common connection with particular popular musician or group

the term was first coined in 1940s
buddy - the buddy holly story
musical about the life of buddy holly which ran in the west end for 13 years

mamma mia!
built around the music of abba

jersey boys
america's greatest contribution to the world of theatre
elements
musicals are written &
collaboratively created piece by piece

score- music written by the composer for the entire show, usually integrated when:
scene is changing (transition)
character has made some realization
two characters are in love (ballad)
a pick me up

lyrics- words to the song
showboat (cont.)
the first musical:

where music moved the plot of the play forward
to be a drama
to inspire more than 1 movie
to be performed by opera companies
prolific team
both had careers with other partners

famous musicals of the 40s and 50s
oklahoma! - 1943
carousel - 1945
south pacific - 1949
the king and i - 1951
the sound of music - 1959

richard rodgers (1902-1979)
oscar hammerstein II (1895-1960)
broadway
located in theatre district of nyc
40 professional theatres
500+ seats

the great depression
last years of WWII (1930s)

highest level of commercial theatre
very popular and world-known
term given to a number of large, professional theatre
first "long-run" musical
"the elves" 1857 with 50-performance hit

longest running production
"phantom of the opera" 1988
famous broadway musicals
phantom of the opera
cats
chicago
les miserables
the lion king
wicked
mary poppins
chicago
- musical tale of murder, greed, corruption, violence, exploitation, adultery, treachery

wicked
- fantasy journey to unseen side of
oz
- a tale of friendship and love
examples
the american musicals
1941-1960
other factors:

emotional tone and expectations of individual scenes

lyrics' contribution to clarity

reprise- repetition of musical phrases to make a dramatic point
question one
what distinguishes an operetta from modern musical?
question two
name at least five of the genres of musicals.
question three
what is the significance of
showboat?
FIN
encore encore
most successful theatre production in America at the time

first musical comedy

extravaganza

songs had nothing to do with plot & characterization

"show business"

great success brought by the
civil war
the black crook
Charles M. Barras (1826-1873)
september 12, 1866
musical comedy
George M. Cohan
"yankee doodle dandy"

dialogue is interspersed with songs

focus on musical numbers and random plot, but overall humorous

distinct type until late 19th century
Full transcript