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Sail the New World
Transcript of Sail the New World
The Chesapeake Colonies consist of:
Virginia and Maryland
New England Colonies
By: Alexandra, Alejandra, Cory, and Javan
New England Colonies
Purpose of the Colony:
Forced Labor as well as the Plantation System made a great impact on society.
: The geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming.
Climate: Coldest of the four colonies, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. New England imported agricultural products from other colonies
Trade / Exports
: The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, textiles, furs and shipbuilding - refer to Colonial Times and Colonial Society.
Religion: No religious freedom as the Puritans did not tolerate any other form of religion
Trade / Exports: Fish, whale products, ships, timber products, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer
Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
All colonies of the New England Colonies were democratic, they all had a governor, governor's court, and a court system. All male citizens in the colonies had the right to vote. This is called a direct democracy.
The government systems used by the New England Colonies were Royal of Charter.
Royal Government: The Royal Colonies were ruled directly by the English monarchy
Charter Government: The Charter Colonies were generally self-governed, and their charters were granted to the colonists.
- Rhode Island
- New Hampshire
The Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims founded the colony of Plymouth in New England in 1620, located in present-day Massachusetts. The Mayflower Compact was a legal document written by the Pilgrims to specify basic laws and social rules for their new colony.
The Great Migration - mass migration of thousands of English people to the Americas that took place between 1630 and 1640
Anglican and Baptist
Each colony was established for a different reason. Buffer between Spain and English colonies (GA), gain wealth for settlers and investors, and political utopia (Carolinas), or social utopias (GA).
Economy was based on agriculture; if the crops did well so did the economy. Geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities
Had their own government. Colonists met to discuss laws and issues. Laws had to be approved by advisory council and the governor.
Largest slave population that lived on slave plantations. Barbados slave code was adapted which denied slaves of their basic rights.
: Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource.
Trade / Exports:
The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, textiles, furs and shipbuilding .
: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, along with several others.
: The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters.
Joint Stock Company-
A business that incorporates a group of people that work together to form and gain wealth.
Cash Crop Society
Immigration Patterns Involved
Headright Systems as well as Indentured Servants
was owned by The Dutch,
and the name New York
was given out of respect
for the Duke of York, who
later became King James
II of England.
William Penn founded Pennsylvania and that's where Pennsylvania got its name.
Philadelphia is the city of brotherly love.
Individuals formed the Government