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Civil Rights and Civil LIberties

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by

Jerrid Harris

on 10 May 2016

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Transcript of Civil Rights and Civil LIberties

Videos
African American Equality
Civil Liberties
Gender Equality
Immigrant Equality
.
.
African -American Equality:
- Truman
integrates the armed forces
(1948)
- "My God, I had no idea it was as terrible as that."
-
Jackie Robinson
broke the baseball color barrier once he was drafted by the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.
-
Rosa Parks
refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus in 1955
- This sparked off the
Montgomery Bus Boycotts
and catapulted
Martin Luther King Jr.
into popularity.
Gender Equality
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
-
defendants are entitled to legal counsel
(lawyer),
even if they were to poor to afford it
. "...
if you cannot afford one, one will be provided for you
"...that part.
Social
SOCIAL
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
- mandated that arresting police officers read the
Miranda Warning
to the suspect.
Earl Warren
- As the Latino population grew, Latino's also grew in
political power
all through the Southern United States. This evolved into the
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, led by Cesar Chaves.

- The UFW succeeded in
improving working conditions for Chicano "stoop laborers"
who followed the harvesting cycles across the American West.
- In 2003, the
Latino population became the largest minority population
, surpassing African Americans. America's population breakdown today is,
White
=
68%
,
Hispanic
=
14%
, African American =
12%
,
Asian
=
4%
,
Multiracial
,
Hawaiian
, and
Native American
=
2%
...
and that all adds up to a big group of people that need to remember we are always
1
0
0%

Am
eri
can
!

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
United States History - Unit 9
Video Sources
- When
Betty Friedan published The Feminine Mystique
in 1963, it became a national best seller and launched the
women's movement,
a struggle against the guilt and frustration of leading an "unfeminine life" as defined by the archaic "cult of domesticity."
Betty Friedan and the Feminist Movement
-
In 1966 Friedan confounded the Nat'l Org. of Women
, which became the political arm of the Feminist movement.
Just as the 1st wave of feminism grew from abolitionism, the 2nd wave grew from the civil rights movement.
-
Read "
The Feminist
" on page
1022-1023
...this movement gets pretty crazy!!!
- The Feminist movement set their sights on the Constitution, they wanted an
Equal Rights Amendments (ERA)
. They achieved a
Title IX
(...of the
educational amendments
) which
basically made girls sports equal to boys sports.
(obviously not quoting)

- The ERA would merely be a
make discrimination based on gender, in any way, illegal.
(also not quoting)

-
The
Era passed Congress in 1972, but died 3 states short of ratification in 1982
because of
Anti-Feminists like Phyllis Schlafly.
Phyllis Schlafly and the Anti-Feminist Movement
Cesar Chaves and the United Farm Workers Movement (UFW)
The Warren Courts
A new understanding of civil liberties
Roe v. Wade (1973)
- legalized abortion
- The Supreme Court (Earl Warren) ruled in favor of desegregation in 1954 in the
Brown v. Board of Education
(Topeka, KS)
- Public school segregation was
"inherently unequal"
- Reversed
Plessy v. Ferguson ruling (1896)
- Southern States displayed massive resistance to school integrations by creating "
private schools
" and through
political protests against integration
Orval Faubus and the Little Rock Nine
Alabama Gov. George Wallace
James Meredith at Ole Miss
- The
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
began in
Greensboro, North Carolina
in 1960.
- Tactics included
sit-ins
,
boycotts
, and
voter registration projects
- This group would grow impatient over time and become more and more violent and aggressive
- The
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
was created in 1957, led by
MLK Jr.
- aimed to mobilize
black churches
on behalf on black rights...this was a very effective strategy.
Primary Source Analysis
:
"Letters from a Birmingham Jail"
and the
"I Have A Dream"
speech - MLK Jr.
- The
Civil Right Act of 1964
banned racial segregation in most private facilities open to the public.
- Created the
Equal Employment Opportunities ACT (EEOC)
- Created
Affirmative Action (AA)
Civil Rights Act of 1964
African-American Equality (cont...)

- The
Voting Rights Act of 1965
finally outlawed
literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses
and sent federal registrars to
Southern states to administer voting in elections
- Spawned by the violence that came during the
"Freedom Summer" of 1964
-
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
was created but denied legitimacy by the Democratic Party,
Freedom Summer
The "Black Power" Movement

- Began with
Malcolm X
and the notion of
militant black nationalism
- Heightened after his assassination in 1965
- The
Black Panther party
was created in Oakland, CA in 1966 by
Stokely Carmichael
...he preached "
Black Power
."
- After
King's assassination in 1968
, it became the most powerful movement within civil rights...things get violent!
The National Organization of Women (NOW)
Note - "Coach Harris is not supporting or promoting the viewpoints contained within the video's"
- appointed in 1953, as
Chief Justice
, he led the court into a series of decisions that drastically effected
sexual freedom
,
criminal rights
,
religious practices
,
civil rights
, and the
structure of political representation
. His decision reflected the deep concern for the individual.
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
- the United States Supreme Court decided that evidence obtained in violation of the
Fourth Amendment
, which
protects against "unreasonable searches and seizures
," may not be used in state law criminal prosecutions in state courts, as well, as had previously been the law, as in federal criminal law prosecutions in federal courts.
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
struck down laws that prohibited the use of contraceptives, even among married couples. This was now a "
right to privacy.
"
Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)
- ensured the right of the accused to remain silent and enjoy other protections.
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
-
Public schools cannot require prayer or Bible study
. Social conservatives raised a new battle cry "Impeach Earl Warren!!!"
Bakke Decision (1978)
-
preference of admissions to colleges could not be given to members of any group, minority or majority, on the basis of ethnic or racial identity alone.
United States v. Wheeler (1978)
- declared that Indian tribes possessed a "unique and limited" sovereignty, subject to the will of Congress but not to individual states.
Full transcript