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Reading Strategies

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Penny Kowalski

on 26 September 2017

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Transcript of Reading Strategies

Cruise through a great book using these reading strategies
Dear Reader,
Let's discover new strategies to use while reading! A good book will take you anywhere you want to go if you have a better understanding of its content! Cruise through your next book using these tools.

Happy Reading,
Mrs. Kowalski

All my reading friends

Sixth through eight grade

Middle School, New Jersey 12345
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Determining Author's Purpose
Ask yourself: "Why did the author write this?" Before writing and author decides on a reason for writing. This is the AUTHOR'S PURPOSE. Here are three:
TO PERSUADE: The writer wants to change how the reader thinks/feels. Clues: Opinions- several "I think..." statements (non-fiction writing)
TO INFORM: The writer wants the reader to learn something. Clues: Facts-(non-fiction) data, charts, "how to" information from text.
TO ENTERTAIN: the writer wants the reader to enjoy the text. Clues: genre (fantasy, sci-fi. Can be fiction or non-fiction writing.

Inferring
Predicting
A prediction is a type of inference; a prediction is a guess the reader makes based on clues in the text
Step 1: See a clue (ex. I see dark clouds)
Step 2: Think (infer) (ex. Dark clouds mean rain and thunder or a storm)
Step 3: Predict (ex. I
predict a storm is coming.)
This strategy is used to keep you focused as a reader

Some other examples of predictions:
an estimation in math
a hypothesis in science
a weather forecast
Synthesizing
When you synthesize, you take new information, combine it with what you already know, and create a new understanding or perspective of the text.
MY THINKING + MY READING= CHANGED THINKING
*What does the text mean to me?
*What is important and how does it fit with my background information?
What is the BIG IDEA (what am I taking from this book?)
Connecting

Readers make connections to help them better understand the text (hint: figure out the BIG IDEA first!)
Text to text: a connection between your text and another text
Text to world: a connection between the text and world events
Text to media: a connection between the text and a movie, TV show, song, etc.
When writing, DO NOT SAY: I CAN CONNECT TO THIS BECAUSE.... Rather say, "This reminds me of...I can relate this to...)
When we make an inference, we take what we see (evidence), add it to what we know (background knowledge), and create a new meaning/understanding
WHAT I SEE
*flashing police lights


*plane tickets on table
WHAT I KNOW
*police arrest people


*plane tickets are used
to fly!

MY INFERENCE
* someone is doing something illegal

*we're going on a trip!
Questioning
Good readers ask questions before, during, and after reading.
*make "I wonder" statements
*ask: who, what, where, when, why, and how
*ask questions when something is confusing
*ask questions to clarify meaning
*read to find the answers to your questions

Summarizing
A summary is a shortened version of a longer reading that tells the basic ideas of the reading.
Be sure to:
*Keep your summary short (3-5 sentences)
*write about the main ideas
*use YOUR WORDS and KEY WORDS FROM THE TEXT.
*DO NOT include opinions or feelings about the topic
Visualizing

When a reader uses his/her background knowledge with the writer's description to create an image and/or movie in his/her mind. Think of the scenery, characters, setting, and process. EX: "Katniss has straight long black hair, which she normally pulls back into a long braid, olive skin, and gray eyes. She is small in stature and thin for her age as she was generally malnourished because of her district's poverty."
Determining Theme
The theme of a text is the broad idea, message, or moral. It is usually IMPLICIT-not directly stated by the writer
Common Themes:
**overcoming challenges **Try new things
**never give up**Make good choices**Love
**the importance of teamwork
**Good vs. Evil**acceptance**courage
**family values
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